Islam in Cyprus
|Islam by country|
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Until 1974, Turkish Cypriots (the Muslim community of Cyprus) made up 18% of the island's population. Today there are an estimated 264,172 Muslims based in the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots are exclusively Sunni, with an influential stream of Sufism underlying their spiritual heritage and development. Nazim al-Qubrusi, the leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani order, hails from Larnaca and currently resides in Lefka.
Islam came to Cyprus early on in the Arab conquests, which at one point had also captured the Greek island of Crete. It is rumored that an aunt of the Prophet Mohammad, Um Haram, had accompanied the expedition. She fell off her mule and died and was entombed at the present Hala Sultan Tekke shrine.
Important landmarks 
Several important Islamic shrines and landmarks exist on the island including:
- the Arabahmet Mosque in Nicosia (built in the 16th century)
- the Hala Sultan Tekke/Umm Haram Mosque in Larnaca (built in the 18th century)
- the Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque, Selimiye Mosque and the Haydarpasha Mosque; former Catholic cathedrals left from the Crusader era, which were meant to cater exclusively to the Catholic minority which ruled the island and were converted to mosques after the Muslim conquest in the Middle Ages.
See also 
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