Islam in Serbia
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|Islam by country|
Number of believers and distribution
According to 2002 census, there were 239,658 Muslims in Serbia (3.2% of total population; not counting the territory of Kosovo). Largest concentration of Muslims in Serbia could be found in the municipalities of Novi Pazar, Tutin and Sjenica in Sandžak, and in the municipalities of Preševo and Bujanovac in the Preševo Valley.
|census 1921||census 1991||census 2002|
|Total country population||4,378,595||100||7,759,571||100||7,498,001||100|
Muslims of Serbia are of various ethnic backgrounds:
- Bosniaks and Muslims by nationality, mostly living in the Sandžak region, are South Slavs who converted to Islam during Ottoman administration.
- Albanians, a major part of the pre-Ottoman Catholic and Orthodox Christian inhabitants of what is now Albania and part of Kosovo were converted into Islam in the 17th and 18th century.
- The Slavic Gorani, who originating from southern Kosovo, were Christians before and were converted in the 18th, and particularly 19th century.
- Albanian speaking Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians who originating from Kosovo are Muslims, some Serbian speaking Roma are also Muslims (often tracing their previous settlement to Macedonia or Bosnia).
Serbia has two rival Islamic communities, one based in Belgrade and the other in the mainly Bosniak Muslim southwest Sandžak region. The split between Muslim communities in Serbia dates back to 2007. The Islamic Community in Serbia, based in Novi Pazar, the biggest town in Sandžak, looks to neighbouring Bosnia for spiritual guidance and is led by Muamer Zukorlić. The Islamic Community of Serbia, based in Belgrade, is led by Adem Zilkić.
Islamic believers in Serbia are organized into two major communities:
- Islamic community of Serbia (Islamska zajednica Srbije), with seat in Belgrade, administered by reis-ul-ulema (Grand Mufti) Adem Zilkić. It is divided into:
- Islamic community in Serbia (Islamska zajednica u Srbiji), with seat in Novi Pazar, administered by mufti Muamer ef. Zukorlić, which include:
- Islamic community in Sandžak (Islamska zajednica u Sandžaku) or Muftiship of Sandžak, with seat in Novi Pazar, administered by mufti Muamer Zukorlić.
- Islamic community in Vojvodina (Islamska zajednica u Vojvodini) or Muftiship of Novi Sad, with seat in Novi Sad, administered by mufti Fadil Murati.
- Islamic community in Preševo Valley (Islamska zajednica u Preševskoj Dolini) or Muftiship of Preševo, with seat in Preševo.
- Islamic community in Central Serbia (Islamska zajednica u Centralnoj Srbiji) or Muftiship of Belgrade, with seat in Belgrade.
- Islamic community of Serbia
- Islamic community in Serbia
- Islamic community of Vojvodina
- Publishing house of ICinS
- Faculty of Islamic studies
- Muslims of Serbia
- Mosque in Subotica
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