Islamabad Capital Territory

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Islamabad Capital Territory
اسلام آباد
Capital city
Flag of Islamabad Capital Territory
Flag
Nickname(s): Isloo,[1] The Green City
Islamabad Capital Territory is located in Pakistan
Islamabad Capital Territory
Islamabad Capital Territory
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 33°41′N 73°05′E / 33.683°N 73.083°E / 33.683; 73.083Coordinates: 33°41′N 73°05′E / 33.683°N 73.083°E / 33.683; 73.083
Country Pakistan
Territory Islamabad Capital Territory
Constructed 1960s
Government
 • Governing body Capital Development Authority (CDA)
 • Chief Commissioner Ahmed Owais Pirzada
 • Chairman CDA Syed Tahir Shahbaz
 • Deputy Commissioner Amir Ali
Area
 • Capital city 906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)
 • Urban 906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 620 m (2,000 ft)
Lowest elevation 490 m (1,610 ft)
Population (2012 census)[2]
 • Capital city 1,151,868
 • Urban 529,180
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postcode 44000
Area code(s) 051
ISO 3166 code PK-IS
Website www.islamabad.gov.pk

The Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) (Urdu:وفاقی دارالحکومت) is one of the two federal territories of Pakistan. It includes Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan, and covers an area of 1,165.5 km² (450 mi²) of which 906 km² (349.8 mi²) is Islamabad proper. It is represented in the National Assembly by two constituencies, namely NA-48 and NA-49.[3]

History[edit]

The five zones of Islamabad

The land was acquired from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab in 1960, for the purpose of establishing Pakistan's new capital. According to the 1960 master plan, the ICT included the city of Rawalpindi, and was to be composed of the following parts:

  1. Rawalpindi; 259 km²
  2. Islamabad Proper (including the institutional and industrial areas); 220.15 km²
  3. Islamabad (Margalla Hills) Park; 220.15 km²
  4. Islamabad Rural Area; 446.20 km²

However, the city of Rawalpindi was eventually excluded from ICT. The remainder of the territory is now subdivided into 5 zones, with zone I designated to house all the residential, industrial and government institutions. Punjab is located to the south of the ICT, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is located to the north west.


Introduction[edit]

Islamabad was designed and built to be a modern capital for Pakistan. It was established in 1960, on the orders of then President General Ayub Khan.

Islamabad nestles against the backdrop of the Margalla Hills at the northern end of Potohar Plateau. Its climate is healthy, relatively pollution free, plentiful in water resources and lush green. It is a modern and carefully planned residential city with wide roads and avenues, many public buildings and well-organised bazaars, markets, and shopping centres.

Government[edit]

Islamabad is not a part of any province. The federal Government of Pakistan controls it and is one of the two federal Territories of Pakistan (the other being FATA) which is directly governed by the Federal Government of Pakistan.

Union Councils[edit]

Shrine near Model Town Islamabad.jpg

Islamabad is administratively divided into two segments, namely Islamabad Urban and Islamabad rural. The rural area is further divided into twelve union councils, comprising some 133 villages. The table below lists the 12 union councils, each union council is named after the main town (e.g. Rewat or Tarnol), and shows the areas under its jurisdiction.[4]

Union Councils of Islamabad Capital Territory
Chief town Jurisdiction
1 Rewat Rewat, Bhangreel Kalan, Bhangreel Khurd, Kortara, Takht Pari, Shadi Dhamial, Mohra Amir, Sood Gangal, Mohri Khumbal, Sheikhpur, Hoon Dhamial, Chuchkal and Bhima Kanait, Kotha Kalan and Naizian
2 Sihala Sihala, Gagri,Pind Gagri,Dhoke Jatal, Bandar, Khurd, Gagri Mirzain, Mughal, Chak Kamidar, Nara Sayedan, Sandu, Chitroh, Herdogher, Jabi Gakhran, Ladhiot, Kangota, Sayedan, Jandala and Kangota Gujran
3 Koral Koral, Lohi Bher, Choocha, Rakh Lohi Bher, Pagh, Panwal, Bora Bangial, Bukher, Khathreel, Dhaliala, Pind Dia, Paija, Darwala, Sher Dhamial, Pindi Malkan, Pindori Hathial, Pindori Sayedan, Bhimber Trar, Gohra Mast, Sigga, Channi Mahsu and Khan
4 Tarlai Kalan Tarlai Kalan, Chaper Mir-Khanal, Kotha, Tramri, Tamma, Gohra Sardar, Chatha Bakhtawar and Khardapur,dhoak kazim, sudrian,
5 Kirpa Kirpa, Jhang Sayedan, Partal, Saknal, Panjgran, Alipur Farash
6 Charah Cherah, Herno Thanda Pani and Ara
7 Tumair Tumair, Kijnah, Sihali, New Simbli, Jandala, Jandgran, Garathian, Darkalai, Rakh Tumair A, Rakh Tumair B, Dakhian
8 Phulgran Phulgran, Shahpur, Sakrila, Dohala, Babbri Petha, Athal, Maira Begwal, Chattar, Karlot, Hotran, Kathar, Mangal, Pind Begwal, Chaniari, Rakh Maira A & B
9 Bhara Kau Kot Hathyal, Shahdara, Jhang Begial, Mandla, Subban Syedian,Mangial, MalPur, Rumali, Nariyas, Phadu, Mohra Noor, Quaid-e- Azam University. Its boundaries extend from Lake view park to saatraa meel (17 miles). ahead of this the jurisdriction of Punjab starts as then Murree toll plaza is located there.
10 Kuri Kuri, Rehara, Chak Shahzad, Malot, Majuhan, Mohrian, Gohra Baz, Mohra Jijan, Jagiot and Nogazi
11 Sohan Sohan, Kana Kak, Jaba Taili, New Shakrial, Pindori, Sihana, Lakhwal, Chak Bera Sing, Kartal, Bohan, Dhoke Sharaf,and Margala Town
12 Shah Allah Ditta Shah Allah Ditta, Talhaar, Johri, Gokina and Saidpur

Area and population[edit]

Islamabad Guide Map for area under CDA

The city is divided into eight basic zone types: Administrative zone, Diplomatic Enclave zone, Residential Areas, Educational Sectors, Industrial Sectors, Commercial Areas, Rural Areas, Green Areas.

Each sector has its own shopping area, a green belt (which goes across the whole sector in a straight line) and public park. The population of the city is around 950,000 people of which 66% is urban. It has an area of about 910 square kilometres. The city lies at latitudes 33° 49' north and longitudes 72° 24' east with altitudes ranging from 457 to 610 meters.

Tribes[edit]

While urban Islamabad is home to people from all over Pakistan as well as expatriates, in the rural areas a number of Pothohari speaking tribal communities can still be recognized. The main ones are:[5]

Abbasi[edit]

Abbasi inhibits in almost all the villages of Islamabad. But they are majority in bhara koh, Pindorian, Tarlai, Ali pur.

Mir[edit]

Mir clan,basically from Occupied Kashmir also resides here from last many years in different parts of the city.

Awan[edit]

Awans around the town of Golra Sharif and the village Sohan. Some are also found in the villages of Tarlai Kalan and Malot, as well as along the border with Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

Dhamial[edit]

Dhamial rajputs are one of the largest tribes of Pothohar. There ancestor Sultan Dhami Khan was ruler of Pothohar and they originate from Kot Dhamiak. They also claim to be the bloodline of Hazrat Yousaf(AS). There are about 3 villages in capital Islamabad like Sher Dhamial, Hun Dhamial, Saab Dhamial and village Dhamial etc.

Dhanyal[edit]

They are one of the largest tribes living in the areas on the Potohar plateau and Lower Himalayas. This tribe traces their lineage to Ali ibn Abi-Talib. Most of the Dhanyals are settled in the cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad and in the Muree Hills. Other branches of the tribe live in Azad Kashmir, Abbottabad, Sialkot and Hazara. Their main villages in the Capital Territory are Tumair Chirah Pehont Kirpa Pind Begwal and Merabegwal.

Mughal[edit]

The Mughal are another large tribe, who claim Mughal ancestry as descendents of various Central Asian Turco-Mongol armies that invaded Iran and South Asia such as those of Genghis Khan, Timur, Babur and beyond.

Gakhar or Kayanis[edit]

The region is home a large community of Gakhar or Kayanis, who at one time were rulers of the region. Rawalpindi had been the capital of the Gakhars. The last Gakhar ruler Sultan Muqrab Khan was defeated by the Sikhs. Ghakhar villages include Malpur, Rehara, Chatta (kund rajgan), Malot, Seevra, Bharakau, New Parian, New Malper,Chuchkal and Dodocha.

Gujar[edit]

The Gujar are found throughout rural ICT. The largest Gujar settlement was the village of Dhok Chaudhary Jevan, which now part of Sector E 7. Most Gujars are now living in Chaudhary Umar Abad. Other Gujar villages include Ahdi Paswal, Turnol and Talhar.

Jat[edit]

The Jat can be found in the Union Council Kuri in the village of Mohrian and Tarlai Kalan where the Thathal clan, and Chatha clan populate the village of Bakhtawar Chatha. Other Jat villages include Thandapani, Nilore, Tumair, Darkalla and Alipur.

Rajputs[edit]

The ICT territory is home a large community of Rajputs, who once were rulers of the region. Among the clans of Rajputs, the Thathal are found in the village of Tarlai KalanPhulgran and Mohrian. The Matyal can be encountered in Gagri, Union Council Sihala, while the Janjuas are found in Union Council Bhara Kahu, jagiot, chanol. Other Rajput villages include Bhangreel Kalan, Bhangreel Khurd, Kortara, Takht Pari, Shadi Dhamial, Mohra Amir, Sood Gangal, Mohri Khumbal, Hoon Dhamial,[Khadrapar],Chaper Mir Khanal] Hreno Thanda Pani, Thamir, bangyal and Bhima Kanait.

Clans include the Minhas, [Thathal] Dhamial, Bangial, Ranial, Chohan, Bhains, Baghial, Khumbal, Gangal, Bashan, Janjua and Hon Rajputs.

Climate[edit]

The average humidity level is 55%, with an average rainfall of 1450 millimeters each year. The maximum average temperature is 29 °C and the minimum average temperature attained here during the year is generally around 11 °C. Reminiscent of tropical climate, Islamabad retains mild winters and has never recorded snowfall.[6]

Education[edit]

Islamabad has the highest literacy rate of Pakistan at 85%.[7] and also has some of Pakistan's major universities, including Quaid-i-Azam University, the International Islamic University, and the National University of Sciences and Technology.

Private School Network Islamabad is working for Private Educational Institutions. The president of PSN is Dr.Muhammad Afzal Babur from Bhara Kahu. PSN is divided in 8 zone in islamabad,In Tarlai Zone Chaudhary Faisal Ali from Faisal Academy Tarlai Kalan is Zonal General Sectary of PSN.]].

Quaid-e-Azam University has several faculties. The institute is located in a semi-hilly area, east of the Secretariat buildings and near the base of Margalla Hills. This Post-Graduate institute is spread over 1,705 acres (6.90 km2). The nucleus of the campus has been designed as an axial spine with a library as its center. Other universities include the following:[8]

Public Sector Universities/Degree Awarding Institutes[edit]

Private Sector Universities/Degree Awarding Institutes[edit]

See also[edit]

Territory symbols (unofficial)
Territory animal Rhesus Macaque Rhesus Macaques.jpg
Territory bird Rose-ringed Parakeet Parrot India 2.jpg
Territory tree Paper Mulberry Paper Mulberry leaf.jpg
Territory flower Red rose Red rose.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berenson, Alex (2011). The Midnight House. Random House. p. 5. ISBN 978-0099536970. 
  2. ^ Pakistan 2012 Census Preliminary Results
  3. ^ District Profile: Central Punjab - Islamabad
  4. ^ Islamabad Capital Territory Administration. Ictadministration.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  5. ^ A Gazetteer of Rawalpindi District Part A 1907
  6. ^ Can you tell me something about weather/climate in Islamabad?. Querycat.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  7. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/fbs/statistics/pslm_prov2006-07/2.14a.pdf
  8. ^ HEC recognized Universities. Hec.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.

External links[edit]