Islamic Cultural Center of New York
|Islamic Cultural Center of New York|
|Location||New York, New York, U.S.|
|Leadership||Abdul Razzaq E. Al Amiri|
|Architect(s)||Skidmore, Owings and Merrill|
|Architectural style||Late modernism|
|Direction of façade||Mecca|
|Construction cost||$14 Million|
|Capacity||Main prayer hall: 1,000|
|Dome height (outer)||90 feet (27 m)|
|Minaret height||130 feet (40 m)|
|Materials||Steel, concrete, marble, glass|
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York is a mosque and Islamic cultural center in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States. It is located at 1711 Third Avenue, between East 96th and 97th Streets. The Islamic Cultural Center was the first mosque built in New York City. The mosque's older dwelling in a townhouse at 1 Riverside Drive, is still in continual prayer use as a satellite location.
Plans for a large Islamic center in New York were originally drawn up in the late 1960s as the first cultural center occupied a location at 1 Riverside Drive by 72nd street. The first Islamic Center started functioning on a small scale from a modest townhouse at that address. However, the board of trustees later aspired to build a new larger center in a way suiting its prestigious position in the community, and to be one of the landmarks of New York City. Later, an overall project comprising a mosque, a school, a library, a museum, and a lecture hall, were planned out. After years of delays which included raising funds from Muslim countries, a prolonged process of relocating tenants, and the eventual demolition of the buildings on the site; construction of the Islamic Cultural Center began in October 1984. Construction of the associated mosque began on May 28, 1987, the day which corresponded to the end of Ramadan. The cornerstone of the minaret was laid on September 26, 1988.
Construction was delayed during the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the First Gulf War. The mosque opened on April 15, 1991, for the feast of Eid ul-Fitr. In the end, more than 46 Muslim countries made contributions toward the $17 million construction cost of the mosque.
Like most mosques, the mosque at the Islamic Cultural Center of New York is oriented toward Mecca. Consequently, the building is rotated 29° from Manhattan's north-south street grid. which in turn is rotated 29° from due north-south. The precise calculation of the direction from New York to Mecca was based on the great circle that produces the shortest distance between the two cities.
Two imams (spiritual leaders) of the Islamic Cultural Center have made controversial statements.
The first, Sheik Muhammad Gemeaha, a week after his resignation, stated he had received death threats which partially explained his reason to return to Egypt. He also stated however that "only the Jews" were capable of the September 11 attacks and "if it became known to the American people, they would have done to Jews what Hitler did." He also stated that as "Allah described it," Jews "disseminate corruption in the land" and are responsible for the spread of "heresy, homosexuality, alcoholism, and drugs.". These statements were immediately disowned by the Islamic Cultural Center.
Gemeaha's replacement, Omar Saleem Abu-Namous, condemned the September 11 attacks, but argued there was no "conclusive evidence" that Muslims were responsible.
Imam Abu-Namous engaged in a series of interfaith dialogues with prominent Muslim leaders and rabbis. Abu-Namous's successor as imam, Mohammed Shamsi Ali, continued the meetings. However, due to liberal political differences, Ali was fired from his post in 2011. Ali was replaced with Abdul Razzaq E. Al Amiri.
- Williams, Winston (May 29, 1987). "Amid Rejoicing, Work Begins on Mosque". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Lewis, Paul (September 26, 1988). "Mosque Rising Is a First in New York". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- "Islamic Cultural Center NY Background". Islamic Cultural Center of New York. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Goodman, George W. (October 28, 1984). "Ground Broken for Islamic Center". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Goldman, Ari L. (December 9, 1990). "Persian Gulf Crisis Slows New York Mosque Project". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Steinfels, Peter (April 16, 1991). "For New York Muslims, a Soaring Dome Is Ready". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Dunlap, David W. (April 26, 1992). "A New Mosque for Manhattan, for the 21st Century". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Tyson, Neil deGrasse. "Islamic Cultural Center of New York". Natural History. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved March 13, 2009.[dead link]
- Schneider, Daniel B. (October 5, 1997). "The Islamic Angle". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Goodstein, Laurie (October 23, 2001). "New York Cleric's Departure From Mosque Leaves Mystery". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Rosen, Jonathan (November 4, 2001). "The Uncomfortable question of Anti-Semitism". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Lipsy, Seth (Oct. 24, 2001). "A Fair Sheik?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- "Terror in America". Middle East Media Research Institute. Oct. 21, 2001. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- . New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/23/nyregion/nation-challenged-imam-new-york-cleric-s-departure-mosque-leaves-mystery.html. Missing or empty
- Wakin, Daniel J. (November 2, 2001). "New Head of Mosque Wants Proof". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Perelman, Marc (November 16, 2007). "With Certain Topics Kept off Table, Rabbis and Imams Find Common Ground". The Forward. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Ruby, Walter (April 2, 2008). "Imam Seeks 'Real Connections'". The Jewish Week. Retrieved March 13, 2009.[dead link]
- "Shamsi Ali: The rise and fall of a New York imam". BBC News. November 2, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.