Islamic Dawa Party in Lebanon

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The Islamic Dawa Party in Lebanon(Arabic حزب الدعوة الإسلامية Ḥizb al Daʿwa al-Islāmiyya) was an Islamist Shia party in Lebanon. A twin party of the larger Islamic Dawa Party of Iraq, it was founded by Najaf-educated Shia clerics returning to Lebanon.[1] Its spiritual guide was Shiekh Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah.

Like its Iraqi twin, Dawa was said to "emphasize extreme secrecy and underground activity, in alignment with traditional Shi'i doctrine of protecting the community against persecution."[2] An indication of the closeness of the two parties is that several Lebanese took part in the 1983 Iraqi al-Da'wa bomb attack on six Kuwaiti, American and French targets in Kuwait.[clarification needed][citation needed] Islamic Dawa in Lebanon is also thought[by whom?] to have been behind the assassination of the French ambassador to Lebanon, Louis Delamare (59) on September 4, 1981.[citation needed] The attack was thought[by whom?] to be in retaliation for France's granting sanctuary to deposed Iranian president Abolhassan Banisadr against the wishes of the Islamic Republic of Iran.[3]

Following the Iranian Revolution the "more radical Najaf-educated clergy" of Lebanon, with the "active encourage[ment]" of Iran, turned away from the party believing that "the secretive and underground nature of the party" hindered its effectiveness.[4]

It would later become a "core component in the establishment of the Hezbollah movement in 1982" and by late 1984 it had merged with that radical but more open Shia "umbrella group" along with other Lebanese Islamist groups - Islamic Amal, Dawa, the Hussein Suicide Squad, Jundallah (Soldiers of God) and the Islamic Students Union).[5] "The legacy of the Lebanese al-Da'wa party had and continues to have, a strong impact on the ideology, direction and organisational structure" of Hezbollah.[2]

Main article: Hezbollah

References[edit]

  1. ^ al-Shira, 15 March 1986
  2. ^ a b Ranstorp, Hizb'allah (1997) p.27-8
  3. ^ "French Ambassador is Slain in Beirut," John Kifner, New York Times, September 5, 1981, p.5
  4. ^ Ranstorp, Hizb'allah (1997) p.30
  5. ^ Wright, Sacred Rage, (2001), p.95

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ranstorp, Magnus, Hizb'allah in Lebanon : The Politics of the Western Hostage Crisis, New York, St. Martins Press, 1997