Islamic Jihad Union
|This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (November 2008)|
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Jama'at al-Jihad al-Islami. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2011.|
IJU was founded in March 2002 by those separated from the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas. The organization failed attacks in Uzbekistan in 2004 and early 2005. Then it changed its name, Islamic Jihad Group, into Islamic Jihad Union. After this period, it became closer to core al Qaida. Since its reorientation, the organization’s focus shifted and it began plotting terror attacks in Pakistan and Western Europe, especially Germany. Mirali in South Waziristan is the organization's base where Western recruits for attacks in the West are trained.
On 13 October 2005, Hazel Anne Blears MP testified before the British House of Commons that the IJU should be identified as a banned organization because it posed a threat to British interests overseas. Some Ministers dissented from this viewpoint, and former British Ambassador Craig Murray later claimed that the IJU attacks were highly-controlled and limited operations orchestrated by the Government of Uzbekistan. On the contrary, MP Blears asserted in her testimony that these conclusions were independently corroborated by British intelligence and security services sources, and that many UN members expressed concern regarding the IJG.
In 2007 three terrorists were arrested in Germany after being suspected to attack the Frankfurt International airport and US-Military installations such as Ramstein Air Base. The three persons were directly affiliated with the Islamic Jihad Group.
In 2008 two suspected IJU members were arrested at Germany's Cologne Bonn Airport aboard a KLM flight bound for Amsterdam. The men, who had connecting flights to Uganda, were thought to have continuing itineraries on to Pakistan, where sources claimed they would participate in some sort of terrorist training or indoctrination. However, after being held for several days, evidence failed to materialize and the men (one Somali and one German citizen of Somali heritage) were released.
- DPA news agency (kjb) (19 September 2008), Germany Arrests Two Suspected of Failed Terror Plot, Deutsche Welle, retrieved 20 September 2008
- Sandee, Ronald (14 October 2008). "The Islamic Jihad Union (IJU)". NEFA Foundation. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Hazel Blears Lies to Parliament about Origin of Intelligence". Retrieved 26 May 2007.
- "The Mysterious Islamic Jihad Union". Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Smith, Diane (5 September 2007), Three Suspected Terrorists Arrested in Germany, eFluxMedia, retrieved 20 September 2008
- DPA news agency (dc) (2 September 2008), Germany Indicts "Home Grown" Islamists for Terrorist Bomb Plot, Deutsche Welle, retrieved 20 September 2008
- Einar Wigen (2009) Islamic Jihad Union: al-Qaida’s Key to the Turkic World? FFI-report 2009/00687
- "Islamic Jihad Group's Links with Uzbekistani Terrorism Mulled," Viktoriya Panfilova, 19 April 2004, Moscow Nezavisimaya Gazeta
- "Islamic Jihad Group in Uzbekistan Claims Responsibility for Suicide Attacks," FBIS, 30 July 2004]
- "U.S. Department of State Designates the Islamic Jihad Group Under Executive Order 13224," Press Statement: Richard Boucher, 26 May 2005, US Department of State
- "Country Reports on Terrorism 2005," 28 April 2006, U.S. Department of State
- (Uzbek) Official website