Island Heights, New Jersey

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Island Heights, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Island Heights
Map of Island Heights in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Island Heights in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Island Heights, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Island Heights, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°56′30″N 74°08′38″W / 39.941792°N 74.143814°W / 39.941792; -74.143814Coordinates: 39°56′30″N 74°08′38″W / 39.941792°N 74.143814°W / 39.941792; -74.143814[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated May 6, 1887
Government[3]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Small Municipality)
 • Mayor Jeffrey B. Silver (term ends December 31, 2018)[4]
 • Clerk Ellie Rogalski[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.907 sq mi (2.350 km2)
 • Land 0.611 sq mi (1.582 km2)
 • Water 0.296 sq mi (0.767 km2)  32.65%
Area rank 514th of 566 in state
26th of 33 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 36 ft (11 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10]
 • Total 1,673
 • Estimate (2014)[11] 1,693
 • Rank 506th of 566 in state
24th of 33 in county[12]
 • Density 2,738.3/sq mi (1,057.3/km2)
 • Density rank 227th of 566 in state
11th of 33 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08732[13][14]
Area code(s) 732[15]
FIPS code 3402934530[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885262[1][18]
Website www.islandheightsborough.com

Island Heights is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,673,[7][8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 78 (-4.5%) from the 1,751 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 281 (+19.1%) from the 1,470 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

The borough is a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.[20][21]

History[edit]

Island Heights was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 6, 1887, from portions of Dover Township (now Toms River Township), based on the results of a referendum held on November 18, 1886.[22][23]

Island Heights takes its name from two sources: it originally was an island. It is situated by a steep bluff rising 60 feet (18 m) above the Toms River. It was originally known as Doctor Johnson's island, being included in the patent granted to him in 1680. In the century before the American Revolutionary War, it was known as Dillon's Island, probably for James Dillon, a prominent man in Toms River. The land was purchased by John Imlay of Allentown, who sold it in 1794 to Issac Gulick. In 1797, Gulick and his wife Abagail sold it to Abraham and George Parker. In 1799, the Parker brothers sold it to Abel Middleton of Upper Freehold Township.[24]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.907 square miles (2.350 km2), including 0.611 square miles (1.582 km2) of land and 0.296 square miles (0.767 km2) of water (32.65%).[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 271
1900 316 16.6%
1910 313 −0.9%
1920 194 −38.0%
1930 453 133.5%
1940 392 −13.5%
1950 795 102.8%
1960 1,150 44.7%
1970 1,397 21.5%
1980 1,575 12.7%
1990 1,470 −6.7%
2000 1,751 19.1%
2010 1,673 −4.5%
Est. 2014 1,693 [11][25] 1.2%
Population sources:
1890-2000[26] 1890-1920[27] 1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9][10]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,673 people, 683 households, and 487 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,738.3 per square mile (1,057.3/km2). There were 831 housing units at an average density of 1,360.2 per square mile (525.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.82% (1,603) White, 0.24% (4) Black or African American, 0.12% (2) Native American, 1.37% (23) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.36% (6) from other races, and 2.09% (35) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.39% (40) of the population.[7]

There were 683 households, of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88.[7]

In the borough, 18.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 35.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.0 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $77,269 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,616) and the median family income was $96,458 (+/- $21,090). Males had a median income of $75,234 (+/- $7,830) versus $47,045 (+/- $11,606) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $39,493 (+/- $4,086). About 5.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.[34]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 1,751 people, 705 households, and 497 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,909.2 people per square mile (1,126.8/km2). There were 807 housing units at an average density of 1,340.8 per square mile (519.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.77% White, 0.11% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.[32][33]

There were 705 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.97.[32][33]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the borough was $61,125, and the median income for a family was $72,596. Males had a median income of $47,500 versus $38,375 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,975. About 2.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Island Heights is governed under the Faulkner Act form of municipal government, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, within the Small Municipality (Plan A), enacted by direct petition as of July 1, 1974.[35] The government consists of a mayor and a six-member council, elected in non-partisan elections. The mayor is directly elected to a four-year term of office. Councilmembers served three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[3] As the result of an ordinance passed unanimously by the borough council in July 2011, the borough shifted its nonpartisan elections from May to November.[36]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Island Heights Borough is Jeffrey B. Silver, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2018. Borough Council members are Council President Sean Asay (2017), John Bendel (2017), Steve Berglund (2015), Kieran E. Pillion, Jr. (2016), Sandra Blain Snow (2016) and Susan Thompson (2015).[37][38][39][40][41]

Brian Taboada, who had been serving a term ending in 2014, announced at an August 2013 council meeting that he would be stepping down from office to focus on school obligations.[42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Island Heights is located in the 3rd Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 10th state legislative district.[8][44][45]

New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Tom MacArthur (R, Toms River).[46] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[47] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[48][49]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 10th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James W. Holzapfel (R, Toms River Township) and in the General Assembly by Gregory P. McGuckin (R, Toms River Township) and David W. Wolfe (R, Brick Township).[50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[53] At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2015, Ocean County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and department directorship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. (R, term ends December 31, 2015, Pine Beach; Finance, Parks and Recreation),[54] Freeholder Deputy Director Gerry P. Little (R, 2015, Surf City; Human Services),[55] John P. Kelly (R, 2016, Eagleswood Township; Law and Public Safety),[56] James F. Lacey (R, 2016, Brick Township; Transportation)[57] and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2017, Toms River; Senior Services and County Operations).[58][59][60] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light),[61][62] Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River)[63] and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood).[64][65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,329 registered voters in Island Heights, of which 285 (21.4%) were registered as Democrats, 415 (31.2%) were registered as Republicans and 629 (47.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[66] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 79.4% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 97.4% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[66][67]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 52.2% of the vote (508 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 46.7% (454 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (11 votes), among the 978 ballots cast by the borough's 1,333 registered voters (5 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 73.4%.[68][69] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 52.9% of the vote (558 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 44.5% (469 votes) and other candidates with 2.1% (22 votes), among the 1,054 ballots cast by the borough's 1,371 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.9%.[70] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 53.9% of the vote (568 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 44.5% (469 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (14 votes), among the 1,054 ballots cast by the borough's 1,380 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.4.[71]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.5% of the vote (459 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 30.1% (205 votes), and other candidates with 2.4% (16 votes), among the 703 ballots cast by the borough's 1,303 registered voters (23 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 54.0%.[72][73] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 59.8% of the vote (453 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 32.6% (247 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.5% (49 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (7 votes), among the 757 ballots cast by the borough's 1,346 registered voters, yielding a 56.2% turnout.[74]

Education[edit]

The Island Heights School District serves public school students in Kindergarten through sixth grade at Island Heights Elementary School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 120 students and 11.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.37:1.[75]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Central Regional School District, which also serves students from the municipalities of Berkeley Township, Ocean Gate, Seaside Heights and Seaside Park.[76] The schools in the district (with 2012-13 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[77]) are Central Regional Middle School[78] for grades 7 and 8 (678 students) and Central Regional High School[79] for grades 9 - 12 (1,325 students).[80][81]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 12.18 miles (19.60 km) of roadways, of which 9.28 miles (14.93 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.73 miles (4.39 km) by Ocean County and 0.17 miles (0.27 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[82]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers seasonal bus service between the borough and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 137 route and to Newark on the 67 route.[83]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Island Heights include:

References[edit]

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  4. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 22, 2015. As of date accessed, James Biggs is listed as mayor with a term-end date of December 31, 2014.
  5. ^ Borough Hall, Borough of Island Heights. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Island Heights, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Island Heights borough, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 9, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Island Heights borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 9, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c 2010 Census Populations: Ocean County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed July 18, 2011.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Island Heights, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 9, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Island Heights, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 16, 2013.
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  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed December 25, 2012.
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  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Island Heights borough, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 9, 2012.
  35. ^ "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  36. ^ Mayor and Council Newsletter, Borough of Island Heights, July 19, 2011. Accessed January 23, 2015. "After first reading and introduction of Ordinance 2011 – 09, the Mayor and Council Members unanimously approved an ordinance to change the regular municipal elections currently held in May to the general election date in November."
  37. ^ Mayor and Council, Borough of Island Heights. Accessed January 23, 2015.
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  47. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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  57. ^ Freeholder James F. Lacey, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  58. ^ Freeholder Joseph H. Vicari, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
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  75. ^ District information for Island Heights School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 22, 2015.
  76. ^ Central Regional School District 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed February 23, 2015. "The Central Regional School District is located in the Bayville section of Berkeley Township and draws from the constituent districts of Berkeley Township, Island Heights, Ocean Gate, Seaside Heights, and Seaside Park."
  77. ^ School Data for the Central Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 22, 2015.
  78. ^ Central Regional Middle School, Central Regional School District. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  79. ^ Central Regional High School, Central Regional School District. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  80. ^ Schools, Central Regional School District. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  81. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Central Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  82. ^ Ocean County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  83. ^ Ocean County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  84. ^ Barron, James. "RESTORING AMERICA'S PAST: BED AND BREAKFAST INNS", The New York Times, May 14, 1987. Accessed June 9, 2012. "Joy Peto Smiley operates the Studio of John F. Peto, a B & B in the house in Island Heights, N.J., where her grandfather painted portraits and landscapes."
  85. ^ Sapia, Joseph. "Louis Prima's widow seeks royalties ISLAND HEIGHTS WOMAN WED BANDLEADER IN '63 Louis Prima's wife files suit over royalties", Asbury Park Press, December 24, 2002. Accessed July 18, 2011. "AN Island Heights woman - the last of musician Louis Prima's five wives - is suing a California recording company, seeking royalties for the showman's work."

External links[edit]