Island Pond, Vermont
|Island Pond, Vermont|
The former Grand Trunk Railroad station is now a bank branch and offices
Island Pond is in Brighton (red), Essex County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
|• Total||4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)|
|• Land||4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|Elevation||1,198 ft (365 m)|
|• Density||202.9/sq mi (78.4/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1457977|
Island Pond is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Brighton in Essex County, Vermont, United States. The population was 849 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.5 mi² (11.7 km²), of which 4.2 mi² (10.8 km²) is land and 0.3 mi² (0.9 km²) (7.32%) is water.
Bluff Mountain overlooks the lake and the island.
The Clyde River flows from into Island Pond after which the town is named. The Abenakis called this water Menanbawk (literally, "island pond"). It was renamed Knowlton Pond in tribute to the purveyor Luke Knowlton who helped lay out the town in the 1780s. The river exits from the north end of the pond to the west.
A 2010 Christmas bird count found 28 species.
Island Pond is served by Vermont Routes 105 and 114. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad passes through the village, but has no scheduled stops there. John H. Boylan State Airport is located east of the village on Route 105.
As of the census of 2000, there were 849 people, 374 households, and 228 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 202.9/mi² (78.4/km²). There were 556 housing units at an average density of 132.9/mi² (51.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.23% White, 0.12% African American, 1.06% Native American, 0.59% Asian, and 4.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.12% of the population.
There were 374 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $25,547, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $25,577 versus $23,542 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,207. About 14.9% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.
Island Pond became an important railroad center in 1853 when the Grand Trunk Railway established international connections between Montreal, Canada, and Portland, Maine. The half-way point in the Portland-Montreal railroad line, this town became a booming railroad center with a roundhouse, shops, and all the facilities associated with train operations. In 1923 the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada was bankrupt and taken over by the Canadian government and operated as the Canadian National Railways. With the Canadian government directing the railroad, political considerations soon outweighed the economics of the railroad; commerce was displaced from the Port of Portland, Maine to the Canadian ports of Halifax and St. John. The importance of the Portland line then began a decline which was never to be reversed. Island Pond's days as a major railroad town were over by the late 1950s due to the elimination of steam locomotives. By 1960 passenger train service to Portland had ended, and three years later the diesel locomotive shop was closed. In 1966 the roundhouse closed, and barely a skeleton staff of people worked in Island Pond. Canadian National continued to operate freight service to Portland until 1988; the following year the line was sold to a short line operator, the St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad, which provides service to this day .
Today, only the passenger station remains and is used by a bank. An historical society is housed on the upper floors.
The Twelve Tribes
Island Pond became the home of the Twelve Tribes when the religious movement relocated to Island Pond from Tennessee in 1977. Though the group sought shelter from the opposition it met elsewhere, it continually faced opposition, which culminated in the Island Pond raid in 1984, where State Police and state social workers seized 112 children due to allegations of child abuse. The children were returned the same day upon a determination that the raid was unconstitutional, and no evidence of child abuse was found. Nevertheless, the Island Pond Raid retains its notoriety.
In 2007, the Brighton Constable's strict enforcement of traffic regulations became the subject of nationwide coverage. In 2006 alone, 1,224 tickets and 1,662 warnings were issued.
Social services are provided in part by the Northeast Kingdom Community Action located here and in other Northeast Kingdom sites.
- Porter H. Dale, U.S. Congressman and Senator
- Rudy Vallée, singer, actor, bandleader, and entertainer.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Brighton Natural Resources Capital". Center for Rural Studies. University of Vermont. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Lefebvre, Paul (22 December 2010). "Volunteers tally birds around Island Pond". the Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). pp. 1, 17.
- http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/tribes.html article on the website of the University of Virginia, note: the articles on individual religious groups were mostly written by students with as a result highly varying degrees of quality
- Boston Globe news item
- VPR (October 28, 2008). VPR Classical broadcasts from I.P. the Chronicle.
- New York Times retrieved June 29, 2008