Island of Šarengrad

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Island of Šarengrad
Disputed island
Other names: Šarengradska ada, Шаренградска ада
Sarengradska Ada.png
Position of the island.
Geography
Location Danube River
Coordinates 45°15′29″N 19°14′42″E / 45.258°N 19.245°E / 45.258; 19.245Coordinates: 45°15′29″N 19°14′42″E / 45.258°N 19.245°E / 45.258; 19.245
Total islands 1
Administered by
Serbia
Claimed by
Croatia
Serbia

Island of Šarengrad (Serbo-Croatian: Šarengradska ada / Шаренградска ада, pronounced [ʃǎreŋgratskaː ǎːda] or [-ǎda]) is a Danube river island situated close to the village of Šarengrad in Croatia.[1] The island was formed in 1909 with the construction of the Mohovo-Šarengrad canal.[2]

During the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia the island was part of the Socialist Republic of Croatia. During the Croatian War of Independence, Yugoslav People's Army and Serbian militia occupied the island.[citation needed]

It was the opinion of the Badinter Arbitration Committee that the borders between republics should become the borders between the countries,[3][dead link][4][5][6]

In 1998, through the Erdut Agreement, Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia was reintegrated with Croatia. However, the Island of Šarengrad together with Island of Vukovar has stayed under Serbian military occupation.[citation needed]

In 2002 the Serbian army opened fire from the island on the president of the Vukovar-Syrmia County, Nikola Safer, and his escort which included four children in time when he was going for a meeting with his colleague from Serbia. This was despite the party having had formal consent from Serbian officials.[7][8][dead link]

In 2004 Serbia withdrew its army from the island, which has been replaced with Serbian police. Any citizen of Croatia can approach that island crossing the border Backa Palanka - Ilok. Land registration books are managed by Croatian authorities, but the Serbian side does not recognise these ownerships.[citation needed] In 2009, the island was opened up for recreational purposes after a temporary arrangement was established.[9]

In his a statement for daily newspaper Novi list in February 2012 Croatian President Ivo Josipović said that two countries need flexible solution for border disputes on Danube river that would be combination of solutions proposed by two countries.[10] Croatian president said whatever solution would be adopted it would be good that Island of Vukovar eventually found on the Croatian side of border.[11] In his statement President made no mention of the second Danube island, Island of Šarengrad.[12]

References[edit]