Isle Madame, Nova Scotia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Isle Madame
Bateau Acadien.jpg
Acadian Boat
Geography
Location near Cape Breton Island
Coordinates 45°33′N 61°00′W / 45.550°N 61.000°W / 45.550; -61.000
Area 45 km2 (17 sq mi)
Country
Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Largest city Arichat (pop. 2,000)
Demographics
Population 4,300 (as of 2001)
Density 25 /km2 (65 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Acadians

Isle Madame is a Canadian island located at off the southeastern corner of Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia.

The island was settled by France as part of its colony of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island). It is presumed to have been named for Madame de Maintenon, the second wife of France's King Louis XIV. After the fall of Louisbourg in 1758, 4,000 inhabitants were deported. However, a group of ten Acadian families from Port-Toulouse fled to this Isle Madame where their descendants still live today. Following the Seven Years' War, Île-Royale and its constituent territories such as Isle Madame, reverted to British control. Some Acadian families also made their way from Massachusetts to Isle Madame in 1766.[1]

Measuring 16 km long and 11 km wide, giving approximately 45 km2, Isle Madame is jurisdictionally part of Richmond County and is separated from Cape Breton Island by a narrow strait named Lennox Passage.

Initially crossed by ferries, the first bridge crossing Lennox Passage to connect with Isle Madame was constructed beginning in 1916 and opening in 1919. The Grandique Ferry service also crossed the passage between Martinique and Louisdale. In the early 1970s the old bridge was demolished and the ferry service was terminated after a new combined causeway and bridge (the Burnt Island Bridge) was built across Lennox Passage.

Isle Madame is also connected by bridge to neighbouring Petit-de-Grat Island and by causeway and bridge to Janvrin Island. Since 1994, the island has been served by a community television station, CIMC-TV, also known as Telile.


Communities[edit]

Isle Madame is home to approximately 4,300 residents located in the following communities on the island:

Route sign in Arichat

References[edit]

  1. ^ ARSENAULT, Bona, Histoire des Acadiens, Bibliothèque nationale du Québec. 1978. Lemaéac p. 324

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 45°33′N 61°00′W / 45.550°N 61.000°W / 45.550; -61.000