Mayda (variously known as Maida, Mayd, Mayde, Brazir, Mam, Asmaida, Asmayda, Bentusle, Bolunda and Vlaanderen) is a non-existent island in the North Atlantic that has been shown on several published maps at various points in history. It was most often represented as being crescent-shaped and its position has varied widely over time. Early maps drew the island west of Brittany and southwest of Ireland, but it later moved towards the Americas (Newfoundland, Bermuda, West Indies). It was shown on a Rand McNally relief map as late as 1906.
The island first appeared under the name of Brazir, on the Pizigani brothers' 1367 map. It was crescent shaped and sited southwest of the island of Brasil for this reason many have speculated that the island is in fact the Sable_Island which is also in the area described by the myths, it's believed to be on the same latitude of southern Brittany.
While submerged land of the appropriate shape has been found in the area of early maps (at , 20 fathoms down), it is not necessarily that of Mayda.
Appearances on maps
- Pizigani brothers map (1367) as Brazir
- Catalan map (1375) as Mam
- Pinelli map (1384) as Jonzele/I.Onzele
- Pizzigano Map (1424) either as Ventura or Ymana.
- Bianco world map (1448) as Bentusla
- Waldseemüller map (1513) as Asmaidas
- Prunes map (1553) as Mayda
- Nicolay map (1560) as I man orbolunda
- Rand McNally relief map (1906)
In popular culture
- Hamilton-Paterson, James (1992). The Great Deep. The Sea and its Thresholds. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-679-40596-2.
- Babcock, William Henry (1922). Legendary Islands of the Atlantic: A Study in Medieval Geography. Research Series. Issue 8. American Geographical Society of New York.
- Ramsay, Raymond (1972). "The Maybe of Mayda". No Longer on the Map. New York: Viking Press. ISBN 0-670-51433-0.
- Babcock, William H. (1915). "The so-called mythical islands of the Atlantic in Mediæval maps". Scottish Geographical Magazine 31 (10): 531–541. doi:10.1080/00369221508734208.
- Babcock, p.81
- Babcock, p. 83
- Babcock, p. 82
- Raymond, p. 219
- Raymond, p.220
- Raymond, p. 216
- Raymond, p. 217
- Raymond, p. 217-8
- Raymond, p. 218