Isle of Thanet (UK Parliament constituency)

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Isle of Thanet
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of members one

Isle of Thanet was a county constituency which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885, until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

It was located on the Isle of Thanet, in Kent.

Boundaries[edit]

Between 1918 and 1945 the constituency comprised the Municipal Districts of Margate, Ramsgate and Sandwich, the Urban District of Broadstairs and St Peters and the Rural District of Isle of Thanet.

In 1935 the Rural District of Isle of Thanet was abolished and was merged with the Rural District of Eastry (of which part was in the constituency).

In the boundary changes prior to the 1950 election the MD of Sandwich was transferred to Dover.

The boundary changes of November 1970 resulted in the division of the constituency into two. Thanet East which comprised the Ramsgate MB and Broadstairs & St Peters UD, and Thanet West which comprised the Margate MB and part of Eastry RD.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Edward Robert King-Harman Conservative
1888 by-election James Lowther Conservative
1904 by-election Harry Hananel Marks Conservative
1910 (Jan) Norman Carlyle Craig Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1919 by-election Esmond Harmsworth Conservative
1929 Harold Balfour Conservative
1945 Edward Carson Conservative
1953 by-election William Rees-Davies Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished and replaced by Thanet West and Thanet East

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

January 1910 General Election

[1] Electorate 12,588

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Norman Carlyle Craig 6,892 66.9
Liberal Julian William Wellesley Weigall 3,410 33.1
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Isle of Thanet by-election, 1919

[2] Electorate 31,767

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hon. Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 9,711 57.9 -9.0
Liberal William J West 7,058 42.1 +9.0
Majority 2,653 15.8
Turnout 52.8
Unionist hold Swing -9.0

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

1922 General Election

[3] Electorate 38,500

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hon. Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 16,116 61.2
Liberal Alfred Jesse Suenson-Taylor 10,226 38.8
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Isle of Thanet[4]

Electorate 39,684

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 13,821
Liberal Reginald L Rait 13,773
Majority 48
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Isle of Thanet[5]

Electorate 41,395

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 21,130
Liberal Arthur Fairfax Charles Coryndon Luxmoore 6,779
Labour Dudley Leigh Aman 4,202
Majority 14,351
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Isle of Thanet[6]

Electorate 58,330

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harold Harington Balfour 22,595
Liberal Alfred Jesse Suenson-Taylor 15,648
Labour E J Plaisted 4,490
Majority 6,947
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Isle of Thanet[7]

Electorate 60,715

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harold Harington Balfour 33,173 74.2
Liberal George Ivor Phillips 11,517 25.8
Majority 21,656 48.5
Turnout 44,690 73.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Isle of Thanet[8]

Electorate 62,893

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harold Harington Balfour unknown n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Isle of Thanet [11]

Electorate 44,571

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lt. Hon. Edward Carson 15,023 48.7 N/A
Labour Maj. Thomas Christopher Boyd 12,075 39.2 N/A
Liberal Fl-Lt. PJ Willmett 3,732 12.1 N/A
Majority N/A
Turnout 30,830 69.2 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Isle of Thanet [12]

Electorate 68,022

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Edward Carson 31,345 55.5
Labour Maj. Thomas Christopher Boyd 20,522 36.4
Liberal Charles John Verschoyk Wrong 4,561 8.1
Majority 10,823
Turnout 56,431 83.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Isle of Thanet [13]

Electorate 69,782

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Edward Carson 33,551 61.6
Labour Otto L Shaw 20,892 38.4
Majority 12,659
Turnout 54,444 78.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Isle of Thanet [14]

Electorate 69,910

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 31,270 62.2
Labour Kingston Jones 18,981 37.8
Majority 12,289
Turnout 50,251 71.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Isle of Thanet [15]

Electorate 71,952

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 29,453 54.5
Labour H Arthur Fountain 17,555 32.5
Liberal George E MacDonald-Jones 6,998 13.0 n/a
Majority 11,898
Turnout 54,007 75.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Isle of Thanet [16]

Electorate 78,664

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 27,870 47.7
Labour Ernest Wistrich 20,520 35.2
Liberal David Norrington 9,979 17.1
Majority 7,350
Turnout 58,369 74.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Isle of Thanet [17]

Electorate 81,498

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 29,302 47.5
Labour Leonard J A Bishop 24,416 39.6
Liberal Fred G Redman 7,952 12.9
Majority 4,886
Turnout 61,670 75.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Isle of Thanet [18]

Electorate 89,227

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 33,434 51.9
Labour Leonard J A Bishop 21,709 33.7
Liberal Tudor D Gates 7,176 11.1
Independent Conservative Ian Josephs 2,136 3.3
Majority 11,725
Turnout 64,458 72.2
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  2. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  3. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  10. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  15. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  16. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig