Islington North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Islington North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Islington North in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 68,777 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Jeremy Corbyn (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Finsbury
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Islington North /ˈɪzlɪŋtən nɔrθ/ is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party.[n 1]

At 727 hectares (1,800 acres), it is the smallest and densest UK Parliamentary constituency by area.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918[edit]

Islington North in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.

The seat was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, as one of four divisions of the new parliamentary borough of Islington. The constituency was defined in the legislation as consisting of the single ward of Upper Holloway of the parish of Islington. The ward was one of eight used in the election of Islington vestryman under the Metropolis Management Act 1855.[3][4]

1918-1950[edit]

Islington North in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1950.

Under the next redistribution of seats by the Representation of the People Act 1918 constituencies in the County of London were refined in terms of wards of the metropolitan boroughs created in 1900. Islington North comprised three wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Islington: Tollington, Tufnell and Upper Holloway.[4][5]

1950-1974[edit]

Islington North in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1950 to 1974.

At the next redistribution of seats by the Representation of the People Act 1948 the constituency was again defined as Tollington, Tufnell and Upper Holloway wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Islington with boundaries as they existed at the end of 1947[4][6]

1974-1983[edit]

In 1965 local government in Greater London was reorganised with the formation of London boroughs. The changes were reflected in parliamentary boundaries from 1974. The London Borough of Islington was divided into three constituencies. Islington North was defined as comprising seven wards: Highview, Hillmarton, Hillrise, Junction, Parkway, St. George's and Station.[4][7]

1983-1997[edit]

In 1983 the parliamentary representation of Islington was reduced to two constituencies. The new, enlarged, Islington North was formed from ten wards of the borough as they existed in February 1983. These were Gillespie, Highbury, Highview, Hillrise, Junction, Mildmay, Quadrant, St. George's, Sussex and Tollington wards.[8]

1997-2010[edit]

In 1997 there were only slight boundary changes, with the constituency defined as the same ten wards with their boundaries as they existed on 1 June 1994.[9]

Since 2010[edit]

The seat covers the northern half of the London Borough of Islington, which includes the areas of Holloway, Highbury, Tufnell Park and Archway.

The constituency now comprises eight wards:

Finsbury Park, Highbury East, Highbury West, Hillrise, Junction, Mildmay, St. George's and Tollington.[10]

These boundaries have been considerably changed since 1970, when Islington returned three MPs and shared another with Hackney. This reflects the depopulation of central London as people move to the suburbs and the local authority sought to obtain lower housing densities. The core of the constituency was the area north of Seven Sisters Road and Camden Road.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[11]
1885 Sir George Trout Bartley Conservative
1906 David Sydney Waterlow Liberal
Dec 1910 Sir George Touche Conservative
1918 Sir Newton James Moore Conservative
1923 William Henry Cowan Conservative
1929 Robert Young Labour
1931 Albert William Goodman Conservative
1937 by-election Dr Leslie Haden-Guest Labour
1950 Ronw Moelwyn Hughes Labour
1951 Wilfred Fienburgh Labour
1958 by-election Gerry Reynolds Labour
1969 by-election Michael O'Halloran Labour
1981 SDP
1983 Independent Labour
1983 Jeremy Corbyn Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections 2010s 2000s 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1950s 1940s 1930s 1920s 1910s

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Islington North[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn
Liberal Democrat Julian Gregory
Green Caroline Russell
General Election 2010: Islington North[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 24,276 54.5 +3.3
Liberal Democrat Rhodri Jamieson-Ball 11,875 26.7 −3.2
Conservative Adrian Berrill-Cox 6,339 14.2 +2.4
Green Emma Dixon 1,348 3.0 −4.1
UKIP Dominic Lennon 716 1.6 N/A
Majority 12,401 27.8
Turnout 44,554 65.4 +11.5
Labour hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 16,118 51.2 −10.7
Liberal Democrat Laura Willoughby 9,402 29.9 +10.9
Conservative Nicola Talbot 3,740 11.9 +1.1
Green Jon Nott 2,234 7.1 +0.9
Majority 6,716 21.3
Turnout 31,494 53.9 +5.1
Labour hold Swing −10.8
General Election 2001: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 18,699 61.9 −7.4
Liberal Democrat Laura Willoughby 5,741 19.0 +5.4
Conservative Neil Rands 3,249 10.8 −2.2
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,876 6.2 +2.0
Socialist Labour Stephen Cook 512 1.7 N/A
Reform 2000 Party Emine Hassan 139 0.5 N/A
Majority 12,958 42.9
Turnout 30,216 48.8 −13.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 24,834 69.3 +11.9
Liberal Democrat James Kempton 4,879 13.6 −1.5
Conservative Simon Fawthrop 4,631 12.9 −10.8
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,516 4.2 +0.4
Majority 19,955 55.6
Turnout 35,860 62.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 21,742 57.4 +7.4
Conservative Lurline Champagnie 8,958 23.7 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Sarah Ludford 5,732 15.1 −6.7
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,420 3.8 +0.9
Majority 12,784 33.7
Turnout 37,852 66.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 19,577 50.0 +9.6
Conservative Ernest George Noad 9,920 25.3 0.0
Social Democratic Alan Whelan 8,560 21.8 −0.6
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,131 2.9 N/A
Majority 9,657 24.7
Turnout 38,488 66.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 14,951 40.4 −12.2
Conservative David A. Coleman 9,344 25.3 −8.3
Social Democratic John Grant 8,268 22.4 +13.5
Independent Labour Michael O'Halloran 4,091 11.1 N/A
BNP L. A. D. Bearsford-Walker 176 0.5 N/A
Independent Roy A. J. Lincoln 134 0.4 N/A
Majority 5,607 24.7
Turnout 36,964 66.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael O'Halloran 12,317 52.6 −5.3
Conservative N. Kerr 7,861 33.6 +6.1
Liberal K. Clarke 2,079 8.9 −3.3
National Front S. Hook 501 2.1 N/A
Socialist Unity M. Simpson 438 1.9 N/A
Workers Revolutionary R. McCullogh 217 0.9 N/A
Majority 4,456 19.0
Turnout 23,413 61.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael O'Halloran 12,973 57.9 +6.6
Conservative Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Douro 6,155 27.5 +1.7
Liberal M. Davenport 2,736 12.2 −5.1
Labour and Democrat D. Fallon 558 2.5 +0.3
Majority 6,818 30.4 +4.9
Turnout 54.2 −8.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael O'Halloran 13,332 51.3 −7.4
Conservative G. Wolfson 6,704 25.8 −9.8
Liberal M. Davenport 4,503 17.3 N/A
National Front J. Score 871 3.4 −2.2
Labour and Democrat D. Fallon 570 2.2 N/A
Majority 6,628 25.5
Turnout 63.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael O'Halloran 13,010 58.7
Conservative D. Pearce 7,862 35.6
National Front Rev. Brian Green 1,232 5.6
Majority 5,148 23.3
Turnout 49.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Islington North by-election, 1969
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael O'Halloran 7,288 49.2 −10.2
Conservative Andrew Pearce 5,754 38.9 +8.2
Liberal Eric Thwaites 1,514 10.2 +0.4
Independent Socialist Austin Williams 245 1.7 N/A
Majority 1,534 10.4 −18.4
Turnout 14,801
Labour hold Swing −9.2
General Election 1966: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerry Reynolds 16,188 59.46
Conservative M.W.L. Morris 8,357 30.69
Liberal E.G. Thwaites 2,682 9.85
Majority 7,831 28.76
Turnout 54.23
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerry Reynolds 15,525 55.31
Conservative V. Lyon 8,912 31.75
Liberal E.G. Thwaites 3,634 12.95
Majority 6,613 23.56
Turnout 54.70
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerry Reynolds 18,718 55.8 −11.0
Conservative Ronald Bartle 14,820 44.2 +13.9
Majority 3,898 11.6 −26.3
Turnout 33,538 62.0
Labour hold Swing −12.5
Islington North by-election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerry Reynolds 13,159 66.8 +6.4
Conservative Ronald Bartle 5,968 30.3 −9.4
Ind. Labour Party Jim McKie 576 2.9 N/A
Majority 7,461 37.9 +17.2
Turnout 19,703
Labour hold Swing +7.9
General Election 1955: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Wilfred Fienburgh 22,100 60.3 +0.7
Conservative E. Mackinnon 14,522 39.7 −0.7
Majority 7,578 20.7 +1.4
Turnout 64.7 −13.1
Labour hold Swing +0.7
General Election 1951: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Wilfred Fienburgh 27,406 59.6 +1.7
Conservative Graham Page 18,541 40.4 +3.2
Majority 8,865 19.3 −1.4
Turnout 45,947 77.8 +0.8
Labour hold Swing −0.8
General Election 1950: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ronw Moelwyn Hughes 26,354 57.9 −9.5
Conservative Graham Page 16,935 37.2 +4.6
Liberal Robert Eric Burns 2,189 4.8 N/A
Majority 9,419 20.7 −14.1
Turnout 45,478 76.7 +9.5
Labour hold Swing −7.1

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Leslie Haden-Guest 23,234 67.4 +14.9
Conservative C. A. U Rhys 11,240 32.6 −14.9
Majority 11,994 34.8 +29.8
Turnout 67.2 +26.8
Labour hold Swing +14.9

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Islington North by-election, 1937
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Leslie Haden-Guest 13,523 52.5 +6.9
Conservative Sir Wilfrid Sugden 12,227 47.5 −6.9
Majority 1,296 5.0
Turnout 27,750 40.4 −19.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 6.9
General Election 1935: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Albert William Goodman 20,744 54.44
Labour R.S. Young 17,359 45.56
Majority 3,385 8.88
Turnout 59.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Albert William Goodman 28,790 66.07
Labour R.S. Young 14,783 33.93
Majority 14,007 32.15
Turnout 66.54
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929: Islington North

Electorate 64,241

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Stanley Young 18,272 41.8 +6.5
Conservative Gordon Cosmo Touche 15,207 34.8 -9.6
Liberal Lady Domini Crosfield 10,210 23.4 +3.1
Majority 3,065 7.0 -2.1
Turnout 68.0 -4.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +8.0
General Election 29 October 1924: Islington North

Electorate 48,573

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Henry Cowan 15,562
Labour E G Culpin 12,376
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 7,136
Majority 3,186
Turnout
Sir Henry Cowan
General Election 6 December 1923:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 48,002

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Henry Cowan 10,802
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 10,219
Labour G Bennett 8,556
Majority 583
Turnout
General Election 15 November 1922:

Electorate 47,059

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Newton Moore 13,520
Labour Edith Picton-Turbervill 7,993
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 7,256
Majority 5,527
Turnout

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Newton Moore
General Election 14 December 1918: Islington North

Electorate 41,769

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Newton Moore 14,183 68.5
British Socialist Party John Arnall 4,000 19.3
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 2,529 12.2
Majority 10,183 49.2
Turnout 18,412 49.6
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
George Touche
General Election December 1910 Islington North[14]

Electorate 12,677

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Alexander Touche 5,428 51.9
Liberal David Sydney Waterlow 5,022 48.1
Majority 406 3.8
Turnout 10,450 82.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election January 1910 Islington North[14]

Electorate 12,677

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Sydney Waterlow
Conservative George Alexander Touche
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

D.S. Waterlow
General Election 1906 Islington North[14]

Electorate 12,075

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Sydney Waterlow 5,284
Conservative Sir George Christopher Trout Bartley 4,418
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1900 Islington North[14]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir George Christopher Trout Bartley
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Further information[edit]

Michael O'Halloran, elected Labour MP for Islington North in 1969, was the subject of an investigation in the early 1970s by The Sunday Times newspaper. They highlighted his background with a local building company and the local Irish community and queried the tactics of his supporters during his selection as candidate.

O'Halloran joined the SDP in September 1981, as did both of the other Islington MPs. However the Boundary Commission cut the number of constituencies in Islington from three to two. O'Halloran sought selection as the SDP candidate for the revised Islington North constituency but the local SDP association selected John Grant, then SDP (elected as Labour) MP for Islington Central, as its official candidate. In February 1983, O'Halloran resigned his membership of the SDP and sat in Parliament as an "Independent Labour" member, supporting the Parliamentary Labour Party. Despite this, he failed to regain the Labour Party nomination for the 1983 General Election and he was defeated by the new Labour candidate, Jeremy Corbyn, coming fourth with 11.1% of the vote.

Corbyn defeated Paul Boateng for the Labour Party selection. Boateng subsequently became the first black Cabinet Minister in the UK.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Parliament Official Website - facts
  3. ^ Redistribution Of Seats Act, 1885. Sixth Schedule. Divisions Of Boroughs. Number, Names, Contents, And Boundaries Of Divisions.
  4. ^ a b c d Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743, 746, 749. ISBN 0901050679. 
  5. ^ Representation Of The People Act 1918. Ninth Schedule. Redistribution Of Seats.
  6. ^ Representation Of The People Act 1948, First Schedule. Parliamentary Constituencies.
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970/1674)
  8. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/417)
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/1681)". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I" [self-published source][better source needed]
  12. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/islingtonnorth/
  13. ^ http://www.islington.gov.uk/DownloadableDocuments/CouncilandDemocracy/Pdf/electoral/sopn_north.pdf
  14. ^ a b c d British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

Coordinates: 51°33′40″N 0°06′50″W / 51.561°N 0.114°W / 51.561; -0.114