Islington South and Finsbury (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Islington South and Finsbury
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Islington South and Finsbury in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 67,613 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Emily Thornberry (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Islington South West, and Shoreditch & Finsbury
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Islington South and Finsbury /ˈɪzlɪŋtən sθ ənd fɪnzbri/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Emily Thornberry of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The London Borough of Islington wards of Barnsbury, Bunhill, Clerkenwell, Pentonville, St Mary, St Peter, and Thornhill.

1983-2010: The London Borough of Islington wards of Barnsbury, Bunhill, Canonbury East, Canonbury West, Clerkenwell, Hillmarton, Holloway, St Mary, St Peter, and Thornhill.

2010-present: The London Borough of Islington wards of Barnsbury, Bunhill, Caledonian, Canonbury, Clerkenwell, Holloway, St Mary’s, and St Peter’s.

The seat covers the southern part of the London Borough of Islington, including Barnsbury, Canonbury, major parts of Holloway, Kings Cross and the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury, which includes Bunhill, Pentonville and Clerkenwell.

History[edit]

Islington was an early stronghold for the Social Democratic Party in which all three sitting Labour MPs defected to the party together with a majority of the Borough Council.[n 3] However in spite of their less radical position than the Labour Party of the era, they won only one seat to Labour's 59 in the 1982 Islington Council elections [2] and in the 1983 general election, Labour managed to retain the constituency narrowly. The new MP, Chris Smith was the first MP to come out as gay and was identified with the Labour left, and kept the seat with a slight increase in his majority in 1987. By 1992 the post-merged SDP, the Liberal Democrats, had locally faded and no longer had the former MP as a candidate and Smith managed to win a majority exceeding 10,000 votes.

The Liberal Democrat revival in local elections in Islington, which saw them take control of the council in 2000, began to translate to Parliamentary elections in 2001. In 2002, the Liberal Democrats won every council seat in Islington South & Finsbury, and Smith's subsequent retirement and the resultant loss of incumbency made the constituency vulnerable once again in 2005. However Smith's successor, Emily Thornberry, retained the seat with a narrow majority (484 votes) over the Liberal Democrat challenger, Bridget Fox.[3] — the seat therefore became one of the ten most marginal in Britain. However, in the local council elections a year later, Labour almost a full recovery locally and won a majority of the seats in Islington South & Finsbury, defeating both Bridget Fox and the then council leader Steve Hitchins.[4] At the 2010 general election, Thornberry increased her majority over Fox.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency was in 2005 described as

'A part-grand, part-poor metaphor for New Labour; Tony Blair lived here prior to his election as prime minister. Its dinner tables are routinely maligned as the natural habitat of the hypocritical, well-off, ostensibly liberal "chattering classes".'[5]

And in 2010 as "a seat sometimes seen as the citadel of constitutional reform."[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
Feb 1974 George Cunningham Labour
1982 SDP
1983 Chris Smith Labour
2005 Emily Thornberry Labour

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Islington South and Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Emily Thornberry
Liberal Democrat
Conservative
Green
UKIP
General Election 2010: Islington South and Finsbury[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Emily Thornberry 18,407 42.3 +2.4
Liberal Democrat Bridget Fox 14,838 34.1 -4.2
Conservative Antonia Cox 8,449 19.4 +4.6
Green James Humphreys 710 1.6 -3.1
UKIP Rose-Marie McDonald 701 1.6 +0.1
English Democrats John Dodds 301 0.7 +0.7
Animals Count Richard Deboo 149 0.3 +0.3
Majority 3,569 8.2
Turnout 43,555 64.4 +10.8
Labour hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Islington South and Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Emily Thornberry 12,345 39.9 -14.0
Liberal Democrat Bridget Fox 11,861 38.3 +10.2
Conservative Melanie McLean 4,594 14.8 +1.1
Green James Humphreys 1,471 4.8 N/A
UKIP Patricia Theophanides 470 1.5 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Andy the Hat Gardner 189 0.6 N/A
Independent Chris Gidden 31 0.1 N/A
Majority 484 1.6
Turnout 30,961 53.6 +6.2
Labour hold Swing -12.1
General Election 2001: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Smith 15,217 53.9 -8.6
Liberal Democrat Keith Sharp 7,937 28.1 +6.8
Conservative Nicky Morgan 3,860 13.7 +0.7
Socialist Alliance Janine Booth 817 2.9 N/A
Independent Thomas McCarthy 276 1.0 +0.5
Stuckist Party Charles Thomson 108 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,280 25.8
Turnout 28,215 47.4 -16.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Smith 22,079 62.5
Liberal Democrat Sarah Ludford 7,516 21.3
Conservative David Berens 4,587 13.00
Referendum Party Jane Bryett 741 2.10
Independent Alan Laws 171 0.5
Natural Law Martin Creese 121 0.3
Independent Erol Basarik 101 0.29
Majority 14,563 41.2
Turnout 35,316 63.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Smith 20,586 51.11
Conservative Mark V. Jones 9,934 24.66
Liberal Democrat Christopher J. Pryce 9,387 23.30
Justice From British Rail Ms. Rhona Hersey 149 0.37
Monster Raving Loony Marie Avino 142 0.35
Natural Law Michael Avino 83 0.21
Majority 10,652 26.44
Turnout 72.52
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Smith 16,511 40.06
Social Democratic George Cunningham 15,706 38.10
Conservative A. Mitchell 8,482 20.58
Green P. Powell 382 0.93
Socialist (GB) S. Dowsett 81 0.20
Humanist J. Early 56 0.14
Majority 805 1.95
Turnout 71.18
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Smith 13,460 36.31
Social Democratic George Cunningham 13,097 35.33
Conservative A. Johnston 9,894 26.69
National Front J. Donegan 341 0.92
Islington and Finsbury Party J. Murphy 102 0.28
BNP D. Stentiford 94 0.25
Socialist (GB) C. Slapper 85 0.23
Majority 363 0.98
Turnout 62.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Cunningham 12,581 52.04
Conservative Nigel Waterson 8,237 34.07
Liberal A. Dean 1,991 8.24
National Front P. Kavanagh 824 3.41
Communist M. Betteridge 330 1.36
New Britain D. Delderfield 136 0.56
Socialist (GB) R. Critchfield 78 0.32
Majority 4,344 17.97
Turnout 62.92
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Cunningham 14,544 61.45
Conservative P. Hodgson 3,951 20.92
Liberal R. Adams 3,661 15.47
Communist M. Betteridge 512 2.16
Majority 9,593 40.53
Turnout 56.02
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Islington South & Finsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Cunningham 15,064 54.31
Conservative J. Szemerey 6,473 23.34
Liberal R. Adams 5,415 19.52
Communist M. Betteridge 492 1.77
Independent A. Lomas 293 1.06
Majority 8,591 30.97
Turnout 66.06
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ This was at the time when the Labour Party voted for in Conference leaving the EEC (Common Market) and abolishing nuclear weapons during the Cold War which largely triggered the split.
References

Coordinates: 51°32′17″N 0°06′22″W / 51.538°N 0.106°W / 51.538; -0.106