Ismar Elbogen

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Ismar Elbogen.

Ismar Elbogen (September 1, 1874, Schildberg (Ostrzeszów) near Posen – 1 August 1943, New York) was a Jewish-German rabbi, scholar and historian.


Educated by his uncle, Jacob Levy, author of the "Neuhebräisches Wörterbuch", and then at the gymnasium and the Jewish Theological Seminary in Breslau, he received his doctor's degree from the Breslau University. He obtained his rabbinical diploma in 1899 and was appointed lecturer on Biblical exegesis and Jewish history at the Collegio Rabbinico Italiano in Florence. In 1902 he became privat-docent at the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin.

He is the author of Jewish Liturgy: A Comprehensive History. Originally published in German in 1913, this book was updated in a number of subsequent Hebrew editions. The latest Hebrew edition was translated into English by Raymond P. Scheindlin, and published by the Jewish Publication Society in 1993.

This work covers the entire range of Jewish liturgical development, beginning with the early cornerstones of the siddur; through the evolution of the medieval piyyut tradition; to modern prayerbook reform in Germany and the United States. It is the most thorough academic study of the Jewish liturgy ever written.


  • "Der Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione und Seine Stellung Innerhalb der Philosophie Spinoza's", Breslau, 1898
  • "In Commemorazione di S. D. Luzzatto", Florence, 1901
  • "Die Neueste Construction der Jüdischen Geschichte", Breslau, 1902.

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