Isn't It a Pity
|"Isn't It a Pity"|
|Single by George Harrison|
|from the album All Things Must Pass|
|A-side||"My Sweet Lord"
|Released||23 November 1970 (US)|
|Producer||George Harrison, Phil Spector|
|George Harrison singles chronology|
|"Isn't It a Pity (Version Two)"|
|Song by George Harrison from the album All Things Must Pass|
|Released||27 November 1970 (US)
30 November 1970 (UK)
|Producer||George Harrison, Phil Spector|
"Isn't It a Pity" is a song by English musician George Harrison from his 1970 solo album All Things Must Pass. It appears in two variations there: one the well-known, seven-minute version; the other a reprise, as the original album's penultimate track (excluding the Apple Jam bonus disc), known as "Isn't It a Pity (Version Two)". The song was written in 1966, but despite the popularity and success it would subsequently achieve, both for Harrison and for artists who have covered it, "Isn't It a Pity" was rejected for inclusion on releases by the Beatles.
An anthemic ballad and one of George Harrison's most celebrated songs, it has been described as the emotional and musical centrepiece of All Things Must Pass and "a poignant reflection on The Beatles' coarse ending". "Isn't It a Pity" was also released on a double A-side single with "My Sweet Lord" in many countries around the world (but not Britain) and reached number 1 in Canada as the preferred side. The song has been recorded by numerous artists, including Nina Simone, Matt Monro, the Three Degrees, Cowboy Junkies, Galaxie 500, Television Personalities, Paul Young, Elliott Smith, Pedro Aznar and Roberta Flack.
Background and composition
While no longer the "really tight" social unit they had been throughout the chaos of Beatlemania – or the "four-headed monster", as Mick Jagger famously called them – the individual Beatles were still bonded by genuine friendship during their final, troubled years as a band, even if it was now more of a case of being locked together at a deep psychological level after such a sustained period of heightened experience. Eric Clapton has described this bond as being just like that of a typical family, "with all the difficulties that entails". When the band finally split, in April 1970 – a "terrible surprise" for the outside world, in the words of author Mark Hertsgaard, "like the sudden death of a beloved young uncle" – even the traditionally most disillusioned Beatle, George Harrison, suffered a mild bereavement.
Towards the end of May that year, among the dozens of tracks that would be considered and/or recorded for his All Things Must Pass triple album, Harrison returned to a number of unused songs that he had written during the late 1960s. "Isn't It a Pity" was one of these, having most recently been rejected by the Beatles during the January 1969 Get Back sessions that resulted in their final album, Let It Be. According to Abbey Road engineer Geoff Emerick, however, the song had been offered for inclusion on 1967's Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, while Mark Lewisohn, the band's acknowledged recording historian, has stated that it was first presented during sessions for the previous year's Revolver. Lewisohn's opinion appears to tally with a bootlegged conversation from the Get Back sessions, where Harrison reveals that John Lennon had vetoed "Isn't It a Pity" three years before, and that he (Harrison) considered offering the song to Frank Sinatra. (Harrison had recently met Sinatra in Los Angeles while working there with Apple signing Jackie Lomax.)
Despite its relative antiquity by 1970, the song's lyrics lent themselves perfectly to the themes of spiritual salvation and friendship that define All Things Must Pass, being consistent with the karmic subject matter of much of the album. In his 1980 autobiography, Harrison explains: "'Isn't It a Pity' is about whenever a relationship hits a down point ... It was a chance to realise that if I felt somebody had let me down, then there's a good chance I was letting someone else down." His lyrics adopt a nonjudgmental tone throughout:
Isn't it a pity, isn't it a shame
How we break each other's hearts, and cause each other pain
How we take each other's love without thinking any more
Forgetting to give back, now isn't it a pity.
Harrison biographer Ian Inglis has referred to the song's "surprisingly complex" lyrics, which in one sense can be seen as a personal observation on a "failed love affair" yet at the same time serve as a comment on "the universal love for, and among, humankind". This theme had featured in previous Harrison songs such as "Within You, Without You" and "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" and would remain prominent in much of his subsequent compositions. The same parallels regarding the universality of love in Harrison's work has been noted by Dale Allison, author of the first "spiritual biography" on the ex-Beatle; "When George asks, 'Isn't It A Pity?'," Allison writes, "the scope of his question is vast: it embraces almost everything."
The verse-one lines "How we take each other's love without thinking any more / Forgetting to give back ..." have been acknowledged as a precursor to Paul McCartney's parting couplet – "And in the end, the love you take / Is equal to the love you make" – in the Beatles' Abbey Road song "The End". Speaking to Billboard editor-in-chief Timothy White in 2000, Harrison said of "Isn't It a Pity": "It's just an observation of how society and myself were or are. We take each other for granted – and forget to give back. That was really all it was about."
Two contrasting versions of the song were recorded in London in mid 1970 during the sessions for All Things Must Pass, both of which were intended for release, from the outset. According to Harrison, after recording the first version, he had decided he was unhappy with it, and the second version came about by chance "weeks later", when one of the backing musicians began playing the song during a session. The so-called "Isn't It a Pity (Version Two)" is noticeably slower than the better known, seven-minute "epic" reading of the song. Eric Clapton's lead guitar fills, phased piano from Tony Ashton, and John Barham-arranged woodwinds dominate Version Two, which is also more in keeping with the Beatles' earlier attempts on the track; as with "Ballad of Sir Frankie Crisp", it features extensive use of the Leslie speaker sound so familiar from the band's Abbey Road album.
Like the concurrently recorded "My Sweet Lord", the album's other "Isn't It a Pity" betrays the influence of co-producer Phil Spector more so than the comparatively sedate Version Two. It is also the most extreme example of Harrison's stated intention to allow some of the songs on All Things Must Pass to run to a longer length and feature instrumentation to a greater degree than had been possible within the confines of the more pop-oriented Beatles approach to recording. "Isn't It a Pity" (Version One, in its All Things Must Pass context) starts small and builds – "and it builds and it builds", NME's Alan Smith would soon write. Taping of the backing track took place at Abbey Road Studios on 2 June, and judging by Spector's comments regarding Harrison's early mixes, the orchestral arrangement was not added until late August at the earliest. The first slide-guitar break on the released recording, quite possibly overdubbed some time after the June sessions also, would adopt a near-identical melody to the one Harrison had vocalised when routining the song for the other Beatles on 26 January 1969 – reflecting a quality admired by Elton John in the latter's 2002 tribute to Harrison: "All his solos are very melodic – you can almost sing his solos." Inglis writes that the effect of Harrison's "elaborate patterns" on slide guitar is to "counterbalance the underlying atmosphere of pessimism with shafts of beauty", similar to the "notes of light and dark" provided by Pete Drake's pedal steel on the song "All Things Must Pass".
Now in the key of G (two semitones down from the Get Back performance), "Isn't It a Pity" begins "dirge"-like with a two-note pedal point provided by layers of keyboards and acoustic guitars. Only at the one-minute mark, at the start of verse two, does the rhythm section come in, after which the instruments begin to "break out of their metronomic straitjacket to attain an almost ecstatic release", as Beatles Forever author Nicholas Schaffner put it in 1977. The "balmy" slide guitar passage, supported by Barham's string section, follows this second verse, and from that point on – around 2:38 – the same, circular chord structure continues for the remaining four-and-a-half minutes of the song. The long fade-out sees what Schaffner termed the "pseudo-symphonic tension" burst into a frenzy of brass and tympani, further bottleneck soloing, and the "What a pity" mantra joined by "Hey Jude"-style "Na-na-na-na" chorus.
One of the most obvious examples of what Rolling Stone magazine's album reviewer would famously christen "the music of mountain tops and vast horizons", "Isn't It a Pity" featured the largest line-up of musicians found on the album – including three keyboard players, a trio of extra rhythm guitarists, the orchestral strings, brass and tympani, and a male choir. Harrison's former bandmate Ringo Starr and two others with well-established links to the Beatles, Klaus Voormann and Billy Preston, were among the participants, on drums, bass and organ, respectively. Members of Apple band Badfinger provided the "felt but not heard" acoustic guitars (behind Harrison's), consistent with Spector's criteria for his self-styled Wall of Sound technique, while author Bruce Spizer has suggested that Peter Frampton might have been among the rhythm guitarists also. Bobby Whitlock, one of the two main keyboard players on All Things Must Pass, recalls playing a "phase-shifted pump organ, or harmonium" on the track. Another possible participant is Maurice Gibb, Starr's Highgate neighbour at the time, who claimed to have played piano on the song.
Originally, the intention had been to release "Isn't It a Pity" as the lead single from All Things Must Pass in October 1970, until Spector and others persuaded Harrison that "My Sweet Lord" was the most obvious choice. The full, seven-minute "Isn't It a Pity" was therefore issued as a double A-side with "My Sweet Lord" on 23 November in the United States and Canada (as Apple 2995), just days before the album's release there. Reflecting the equal status of the two tracks, both sides of the single's picture sleeve featured the same Barry Feinstein-shot photo of Harrison, the only differences being the song title below Harrison's name and the fact that the green Apple Records logo and catalogue number appeared only on the side for "My Sweet Lord".
The single was phenomenally successful in North America, and around the world. Both songs reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, but "Isn't It a Pity" was the lead side when the single held the top spot on Canada's RPM 100 chart for five weeks, through to mid January 1971. A few days after the single's release, "Isn't It a Pity" was issued on All Things Must Pass, as the final track on side one of the LP format, providing (in biographer Elliot Huntley's words) an "elegiac, plaintive song of reconciliation" after the angry "Wah-Wah". "Isn't It a Pity (Version Two)" appeared in reprise form, as the penultimate track on side four of the original three-record set.
Despite this commercial success, and its standing as one of the most-covered songs among Harrison's post-Beatles output, "Isn't It a Pity" was a notable omission from EMI/Capitol's The Best of George Harrison in November 1976. It was included on the 2009 compilation Let It Roll: Songs by George Harrison, however. A demo version of the song, recorded during the Get Back sessions, is also available on Let It Roll as an iTunes Store exclusive.
"Isn't It a Pity" remains one of Harrison's most popular songs with critics and fans alike. Allmusic calls it "deeply moving and powerful", while in their book on the solo Beatles' recording history, Eight Arms to Hold You, Chip Madinger and Mark Easter declare: "If any George Harrison song can be called 'majestic', 'Isn't It a Pity' would be the one." In his December 1970 album review for the NME, Alan Smith described it as a track that "catches the mood of aching tolerance of pain, which Harrison can do so well" and "a ballad which will stand out from the album with the passing of the years". While reviewing the song's pairing with "My Sweet Lord", Billboard magazine wrote of a "powerhouse two-sided winner" with "equally potent lyric lines and infectious rhythms".
Simon Leng identifies the song as musically "sumptuous" and praises Harrison's inventive melody and "unique" use of notes beyond the key signature, as well as John Barham's "evocative, suspended orchestration". He notes also the similarity of their combined musical counterbalance with elements of Indian raga, in the number of swaras (tones) in both ascending and descending scales. To Leng, "Isn't It a Pity" is the "pivotal song", the "essence" of All Things Must Pass, encapsulating the album's struggle between "gospel ecstasy and the failure of human relationships".
Writing in the late 1970s, Nicholas Schaffner noted the song's "towering simplicity" and the "endlessly repetitive fade-out that somehow manages to be hypnotic instead of boring". Like Schaffner, a number of commentators have remarked on the significance of "Isn't It a Pity" in the wider, Beatles context, starting with the song's length: 7:10 – just a second under "Hey Jude". Ben Gerson, in his 1971 Rolling Stone review, described the song as a "lament ... whose beginning is the broken thirds of John's 'I Am the Walrus' and whose end is the decadent, exultant last half of Paul's 'Hey Jude'". On this point, Leng adds: "Ever bittersweet, 'Isn't It a Pity' records the last dying echoes of the Beatles."
Elliot Huntley has complained of the song's enforced period in hibernation: "[It] simply beggars belief that the track was rejected by Martin, Lennon and McCartney – three men whose reputations rested on their ability to spot a good tune when they heard one." Huntley views "Isn't It a Pity" as worthy of "fully fledged standard" status, with Barham's "soaring" strings and Harrison's "sublime" slide guitar combining to take the song "into the heavens, where it stays".
Speaking in 2001 during promotion for the 30th anniversary reissue of All Things Must Pass, Harrison named the song among his three favourite tracks on the album, along with "Run of the Mill" and "Awaiting on You All". In 2010, AOL Radio listeners voted "Isn't It a Pity" seventh in a poll to find the ten best post-Beatles George Harrison songs. Both Eric Clapton and Tom Petty have named "Isn't It a Pity" among their favourite two Harrison compositions, Petty calling the song "a masterpiece".
- In May 1971, singer Matt Monro released a UK single of "Isn't It a Pity" (ironically, produced by George Martin).
- Nicky Thomas recorded the song for his 1971 album Tell It Like It Is.
- Ireland's 1970 Eurovision Song Contest winner, Dana, covered the song in 1971, a rendition that has been described as a "poignant" commentary to the political upheaval then gripping Ulster.
- The Three Degrees recorded "Isn't It a Pity" during their period on Roulette Records in 1970–72, later released on the 1995 compilation The Roulette Years.
- Nina Simone's "intense", eleven-minute reworking of "Isn't It a Pity" was released on her 1972 album Emergency Ward!, a statement on the Vietnam War which also includes a cover of "My Sweet Lord". A six-minute version of "Isn't It a Pity" was issued on the 51-track compilation The Essential Nina Simone in 1993. In his autobiography, Harrison admits to having been influenced by Simone's treatment when he came to record his 1975 song "The Answer's at the End".
- Galaxie 500 covered the song on their On Fire album in 1989.
- A version by Pete Drake appeared on his eponymous solo album, released in 1997.
- The song appears on Television Personalities' 1998 album Don't Cry Baby ... It's Only a Movie.
- In March 2001, 18th Dye contributed a version of "Isn't It a Pity" to Snowstorm – A Tribute to Galaxie 500.
- At the Concert for George on 29 November 2002, a year to the day after Harrison's death, Eric Clapton and Billy Preston performed the song with backing from Dhani Harrison, Jeff Lynne, Gary Brooker, Jim Keltner, Ray Cooper, Jim Horn, Tom Scott and others.
- Jay Bennett and Edward Burch recorded "Isn't It a Pity" for Songs from the Material World: A Tribute to George, a multi-artist compilation released in February 2003.
- Classical guitarist Joseph Breznikar recorded a version of the song for his 2003 tribute album George Harrison Remembered: A Touch of Class.
- Cowboy Junkies covered the song on their Early 21st Century Blues album in 2005.
- Joel Harrison recorded "Isn't It a Pity" for his album Harrison on Harrison: Jazz Explanations of George Harrison, released in October 2005.
- A cover version by Les Fradkin was released in 2005 on his Something for George tribute album.
- Spanish singer Rafo de la Cuba covered the song in December 2005.
- A version by Paul Young was included on his 2006 album Rock Swings.
- Pedro Aznar covered the song as "No Es Una Pena?", with Spanish lyrics, on his album Quebrado in 2008.
- In September 2008, members of Heard of Buffalo performed the song for the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon.
- "Isn't It a Pity" was among a number of Harrison and Beatle covers recorded or performed by Elliott Smith; a version appears on the 1998-08-12: Hoboken, NJ, USA album.
- Soul singer Bettye LaVette covered the song on Interpretations: The British Rock Songbook in 2010.
- David McAlmont and Bernard Butler's performance of "Isn't It a Pity" was released on the Live From Leicester Square album in February 2011.
- A version by Jonathan Wilson and Graham Nash appeared on Harrison Covered, a tribute CD accompanying the November 2011 issue of Mojo magazine.
- Also in November 2011, marking the ten-year anniversary of Harrison's death, Keane recorded a version of the song.
- Roberta Flack covered "Isn't It a Pity" on her album Let It Be Roberta – Roberta Flack Sings The Beatles, released in February 2012.
- My Morning Jacket have included "Isn't It a Pity" in their live performances; when playing the song at the Forecastle Festival in July 2012, they were joined on stage by Dean Wareham of Galaxie 500.
|Canadian RPM 100 Singles Chart||1|
- Leng, pp 98, 86–87.
- John Bergstrom, "George Harrison: All Things Must Pass", PopMatters, 14 January 2011 (retrieved 1 April 2012).
- George Harrison, in The Beatles, p. 83.
- George Harrison – In His Own Words, superseventies.com (retrieved 3 October 2012).
- Caroline Gammell, "Rolling Stones envied The Beatles' singing prowess – Sir Paul", The Telegraph online, 23 May 2011 (retrieved 25 June 2012).
- Hertsgaard, p. 310.
- MacDonald, pp 288, 300.
- Eric Clapton interview, in George Harrison: Living in the Material World.
- Hertsgaard, p. 277.
- Leng, p. 91.
- The Editors of Rolling Stone, p. 39.
- MacDonald, p. 302.
- Miles, p. 332.
- MacDonald, p. 302fn.
- Sulpy & Schweighardt, p. 269.
- Clayson, George Harrison, pp 259−60.
- Leng, pp 86–87, 91–92.
- The Editors of Rolling Stone, p. 40.
- Matthew Greenwald, "Isn't It a Pity". Allmusic (retrieved 25 June 2012).
- Harrison, p. 170.
- Leng, p. 86.
- Inglis, pp 25, 26.
- Inglis, p. 26.
- Allison, p. 34.
- George Harrison: Isn't It a Pity, The Beatles Bible (retrieved 17 November 2011).
- "George Harrison: 'All Things' In Good Time", billboard.com (retrieved 22 September 2013).
- Badman, p. 10.
- Madinger & Easter, p. 428.
- "A Conversation with George Harrison: February 15th 2001 (Last Public Interview by George)", YouTube (retrieved 22 September 2013).
- Leng, p. 98.
- Madinger & Easter, p. 432.
- Huntley, p. 55.
- Alan Smith, "George Harrison: All Things Must Pass (Apple)", NME, 5 December 1970; available at Rock's Back Pages (subscription required; retrieved 15 July 2012).
- Spizer, p. 212.
- The Editors of Rolling Stone, p. 233.
- Inglis, pp 26, 30.
- Schaffner, p. 142.
- Ben Gerson, "Reviews: George Harrison All Things Must Pass", Rolling Stone, 21 January 1971 (retrieved 20 February 2012).
- Leng, pp 86–87.
- Clayson, George Harrison, p. 292.
- Leng, p. 82fn.
- Whitlock, p. 79.
- Clayson, Ringo Starr, p. 197.
- Gibb Songs: 1970, Columbia.edu (retrieved 10 November 2011).
- Phil Spector interview, in George Harrison: Living in the Material World.
- Castleman & Podrazik, p. 93.
- Spizer, p. 213.
- Spizer, pp 213–14.
- Carr & Tyler, p. 94.
- Leng, p. 85.
- Riley, pp 348–49.
- "RPM 100 Singles, 26 December 1970", Library and Archives Canada (retrieved 4 August 2012).
- Castleman & Podrazik, p. 94.
- Clayson, George Harrison, p. 296.
- Rodriguez, p. 128.
- "Spotlight Singles", Billboard, 21 November 1970, p. 88 (retrieved 25 October 2013).
- Leng, p. 87.
- "Album Reviews", Billboard, 19 December 1970, p. 50 (retrieved 28 November 2012).
- Anthony DeCurtis, "Album Review: George Harrison All Things Must Pass", Rolling Stone, 12 October 2000 (retrieved 1 April 2012).
- Huntley, p. 60.
- Boonsri Dickinson, "10 Best George Harrison Songs", AOL Radio, April 2010 (retrieved 25 June 2012).
- The Editors of Rolling Stone, p. 224.
- Whitlock, pp 79–80.
- "Isn't It a Pity" – George Harrison, Second Hand Songs (retrieved 19 September 2012).
- Andrew Hamilton, "The Three Degrees The Roulette Years, Allmusic (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- Mark Richardson, "Nina Simone Emergency Ward!", Allmusic (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- Ron Wynn, "Nina Simone The Essential Nina Simone", Allmusic (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- Harrison, p. 300.
- George Harrison Cover Songs, The Covers Project (retrieved 4 August 2012).
- Drake, Pete, Expecting Rain (retrieved 19 September 2012).
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine, "Original Soundtrack: Concert for George", Allmusic (retrieved 4 August 2012).
- Johnny Loftus, "Various Artists: Songs from the Material World: A Tribute to George, Allmusic (retrieved 6 July 2012).
- George Harrison Remembered: A Touch of Class – Joseph Breznikar, Second Hand Songs (retrieved 19 September 2012).
- Harrison on Harrison: Jazz Explanations of George Harrison – Joel Harrison, Second Hand Songs (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- George Harrison/Beatles Vocal Tribute CDs, lesfradkin.com (retrieved 16 October 2012).
- "Tributo Beatles − Isn't it a Pity", YouTube (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- "No Es Una Pena?", Second Hand Songs (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- Jerry Lewis MDA 2008 Telethon: Randy and Michael from Heard of Buffalo performing "Isn't It a Pity", wn.com (retrieved 4 August 2012).
- David Greenwald, Elliott Smith – The Complete Live Covers, Rawkblog, 24 February 2009 (retrieved 4 August 2012).
- CD Releases, bettyelavette.com (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- Harrison Covered, Second Hand Songs (retrieved 16 September 2012).
- "MOJO Issue 216 / November 2011", mojo4music.com (retrieved 30 October 2013).
- "Isn't It a Pity (George Harrison cover)", KEANE (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- "My Morning Jacket cover George Harrison, George Michael at Forecastle", youaintnopicasso.com (retrieved 20 September 2012).
- Dale C. Allison Jr., The Love There That's Sleeping: The Art and Spirituality of George Harrison, Continuum (New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 978-0-8264-1917-0).
- Keith Badman, The Beatles Diary Volume 2: After the Break-Up 1970−2001, Omnibus Press (London, 2001; ISBN 0-7119-8307-0).
- The Beatles, Anthology, Chronicle Books (San Francisco, CA, 2000; ISBN 0-8118-2684-8).
- Roy Carr & Tony Tyler, The Beatles: An Illustrated Record, Trewin Copplestone Publishing (London, 1978; ISBN 0-450-04170-0).
- Harry Castleman & Walter J. Podrazik, All Together Now: The First Complete Beatles Discography 1961−1975, Ballantine Books (New York, NY, 1976; ISBN 0-345-25680-8).
- Alan Clayson, George Harrison, Sanctuary (London, 2003; ISBN 1-86074-489-3).
- Alan Clayson, Ringo Starr, Sanctuary (London, 2003; ISBN 1-86074-488-5).
- The Editors of Rolling Stone, Harrison, Rolling Stone Press/Simon & Schuster (New York, NY, 2002; ISBN 0-7432-3581-9).
- George Harrison: Living in the Material World DVD, 2011 (directed by Martin Scorsese; produced by Olivia Harrison, Nigel Sinclair & Martin Scorsese).
- George Harrison, I Me Mine, Chronicle Books (San Francisco, CA, 2002; ISBN 0-8118-3793-9).
- Mark Hertsgaard, A Day in the Life: The Music and Artistry of the Beatles, Pan Books (London, 1996; ISBN 0-330-33891-9).
- Elliot J. Huntley, Mystical One: George Harrison – After the Break-up of the Beatles, Guernica Editions (Toronto, ON, 2006; ISBN 1-55071-197-0).
- Ian Inglis, The Words and Music of George Harrison, Praeger (Santa Barbara, CA, 2010; ISBN 978-0-313-37532-3).
- Simon Leng, While My Guitar Gently Weeps: The Music of George Harrison, Hal Leonard (Milwaukee, WI, 2006; ISBN 1-4234-0609-5).
- Ian MacDonald, Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties, Pimlico (London, 1998; ISBN 0-7126-6697-4).
- Chip Madinger & Mark Easter, Eight Arms to Hold You: The Solo Beatles Compendium, 44.1 Productions (Chesterfield, MO, 2000; ISBN 0-615-11724-4).
- Barry Miles, The Beatles Diary Volume 1: The Beatles Years, Omnibus Press (London, 2001; ISBN 0-7119-8308-9).
- Tim Riley, Tell Me Why: A Beatles Commentary, Knopf/Vintage (New York, NY, 1988; ISBN 978-0-394-55061-9).
- Robert Rodriguez, Fab Four FAQ 2.0: The Beatles' Solo Years, 1970−1980, Backbeat Books (Milwaukee, WI, 2010; ISBN 978-1-4165-9093-4).
- Nicholas Schaffner, The Beatles Forever, McGraw-Hill (New York, NY, 1978; ISBN 0-07-055087-5).
- Bruce Spizer, The Beatles Solo on Apple Records, 498 Productions (New Orleans, LA, 2005; ISBN 0-9662649-5-9).
- Doug Sulpy & Ray Schweighardt, Get Back: The Unauthorized Chronicle of The Beatles' Let It Be Disaster, St. Martin's Griffin (New York, 1997; ISBN 0-312-19981-3).
- Bobby Whitlock with Marc Roberty, Bobby Whitlock: A Rock 'n' Roll Autobiography, McFarland (Jefferson, NC, 2010; ISBN 978-0-7864-6190-5).
"I Think I Love You" by The Partridge Family
|Canadian RPM 100 number-one single
19 December 1970 (five weeks)
"Knock Three Times" by Dawn
"The Tears of a Clown" by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
|Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
26 December 1970 (four weeks)
"Knock Three Times" by Dawn