|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||116.16 g/mol|
|Density||0.875 g/cm3, liquid|
|Melting point||−99 °C (−146 °F; 174 K)|
|Boiling point||118 °C (244 °F; 391 K)|
|Solubility in water||Slightly soluble
0.63-0.7g/100g at 20 °C
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
The chemical compound isobutyl acetate, also known as 2-methylpropyl ethanoate (IUPAC name) or β-methylpropyl acetate, is a common solvent. It is produced from the esterification of isobutanol with acetic acid. It is used as a solvent for lacquer and nitrocellulose. Like many esters it has a fruity or floral smell at low concentrations and occurs naturally in raspberries, pears and other plants. At higher concentrations the odor can be unpleasant and may cause symptoms of central nervous system depression such as nausea, dizziness and headache.
A common method for preparing isobutyl acetate is Fischer esterification, where precursors isobutyl alcohol and acetic acid are heated in the presence of a strong acid.