Isoprene synthase

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Isoprene synthase
Identifiers
EC number 4.2.3.27
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

In enzymology, an isoprene synthase (EC 4.2.3.27) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

dimethylallyl diphosphate \rightleftharpoons isoprene + diphosphate

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, dimethylallyl diphosphate, and two products, isoprene and diphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically those carbon-oxygen lyases acting on phosphates. The systematic name of this enzyme class is dimethylallyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (isoprene-forming). Other names in common use include ISPC, and ISPS.

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