|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||59.11 g mol−1|
|Density||722 mg mL−1|
|Melting point||−95.20 °C; −139.36 °F; 177.95 K|
|Boiling point||31 to 35 °C; 88 to 95 °F; 304 to 308 K|
|Solubility in water||Miscible|
|Vapor pressure||63.41 kPa (at 20 °C)|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.3742|
heat capacity C
|163.85 J K−1 mol−1|
|218.32 J K−1 mol−1|
|Std enthalpy of
|−113.0–−111.6 kJ mol−1|
|Std enthalpy of
|−2.3540–−2.3550 MJ mol−1|
|GHS signal word||DANGER|
|GHS hazard statements||H224, H315, H319, H335|
|GHS precautionary statements||P210, P261, P305+351+338|
|EU classification||F+ Xi|
|S-phrases||(S2), S16, S26, S29|
|Flash point||−18 °C (0 °F; 255 K)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Isopropylamine, also called 2-aminopropane, 2-propanamine, monoisopropylamine, and MIPA, is an organic compound, an amine. It is a base, as typical for amines. It is a hygroscopic colorless liquid with ammonia-like odor. Its melting point is −95.2 °C and its boiling point is 32.4 °C. It is miscible with water. It is extremely flammable, with flash point at −37 °C.
- (CH3)2CHOH + NH3 → (CH3)2CHNH2 + H2O
The main uses of isopropylamine are in glyphosate herbicide formulations , a key component of atrazine (another herbicide), a regulating agent for plastics, intermediate in organic synthesis of coating materials, plastics, pesticides, rubber chemicals, pharmaceuticals and others, and as an additive in the petroleum industry.
Together with isopropyl alcohol it is used in some binary chemical weapons (e.g. M687), as a mixture called OPA which in turn mixed with methylphosphonyl difluoride (known to the military as DF) produces sarin gas.
- "2-propylamine - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- H. K. Hall (1957) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79 5441.
- US 4014933, Boettger, Guenther; Hubert Corr & Herwig Hoffmann et al., "Production of Amines from Alcohols", published 1977-03-29 .