Israel Broadcasting Authority
|Type||Broadcast radio and television|
|Owner||Government of Israel|
|Launch date||1948 (radio)
|Former names||Israel Broadcasting Service
It grew out of the radio station Kol Yisrael, which made its first broadcast as an independent station on March 14, 1948Knesset on 6 June 1965. Television broadcasts commenced on 2 May 1968, with colour television following on 23 February 1983, although occasional colour transmissions were made earlier, such as the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 and the visit of the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1977.. The name of the organisation operating Kol Yisrael was changed to Israel Broadcasting Service in 1951. The law creating the Israel Broadcasting Authority was passed by the
It operates four television channels and several radio stations. IBA's television stations are officially free of advertising, but programs are often "sponsored" by commercial entities. Full advertising on the radio is allowed, however.
In 1990, the Israeli parliament passed a law which resulted in the creation of the Second Israeli Broadcasting Authority, whose function was to enable and regulate commercial television and private radio broadcasts in Israel. Until the establishment of the Second Broadcasting Authority and the widespread availability of cable television services in Israel (which also produce their own cable programming directed at the local market) in the early 1990s, the IBA maintained a virtual monopoly on television and radio broadcasting and production in Israel. There were a few exceptions, such as the morning and afternoon broadcasts delivered through IBA's television channel, which were produced by Israel Educational Television, the popular Israel Defense Forces Radio service, and a private radio station (the Voice of Peace) which operated offshore, outside Israeli territorial waters.
Israel Broadcasting Authority domestic programming and broadcasts are funded by levying television licence fees upon the owners of television sets. The television licence for 2013 is ₪ 356 and the radio licence is ₪ 125. The licence fee is the primary source of revenue for the Israel Broadcasting Authority, the state broadcaster; however, its radio stations carry full advertising and its TV programmes sometime receive "sponsorship" from commercial entities to supplement this income. All broadcasting is covered by the code of ethics set out in the Nakdi Report.
The IBA (IBS at the time) was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1957. The decision made by the EBU General Assembly had the immediate effect that two founding broadcasters (the Egyptian and Syrian broadcasting services) quit as active members.
The IBA provides news programming in 14 foreign languages directed at audiences abroad or in Israel through its IBA News programming available on the internet and through rebroadcasters.
- Channel 1 (Haarutz Ha-Rishon) - The IBA's main channel (until the beginning of the 1990s there were no other channels on Israeli television, and it was called "Ha-Televizia Ha-israelit" - "The Israeli Television"). Part of the weekday daytime schedule is made up of broadcasts from Israeli Educational TV.
- Channel 1 HD (Haarutz Ha-Rishon HD) - The IBA's main channel, broadcast in HD.
- Channel 33 - News and factual programming during the day, Arabic-language channel in the evening.
Kol Yisrael ("The Voice of Israel") is the collective name for IBA's radio networks, as well as for the international service.
- Reshet Aleph ("Network A"): radio station.
- Reshet Beit ("Network B"): popular news, current events, and talk radio station.
- Reshet Gimel ("Network C"): radio station devoted to promoting Israeli music.
- Reshet Dalet ("Network D"): radio station in Arabic.
- Reka or Reshet Klitat Aliya: radio for recent immigrants to Israel, broadcasts in 13 languages (mostly Russian). This service was formerly known as "Kol Zion La-Golah" ("Voice of Israel abroad") and Reshet Heh ("Network E").
- 88 FM: radio for quality music.
- Kol Ha-Musika ("The Voice of Music"): a radio station devoted to promoting classical music.
- Kol Ha-Kampus ("The Voice of the Campus") - a joint educational project of Kol Yisrael and the Israeli College of Management media school, in which students run the radio station and host programs of alternative music.
- p. 26, EBU Diffusion Special, May 1997
- Official site (mostly in Hebrew with English menu available)
- IBA World. Israel Radio foreign languages network REKA. Also has link to Reshet Hey Persian broadcast, now that www.intkolisrael.com no longer exists.
- Israel Educational Television
- Article on IBA English-language IBA programming