Israel Broadcasting Authority

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Israel Broadcasting Authority
רשות השידור
Type Broadcast radio and television
Country Israel
Availability National; international
Owner Government of Israel
Launch date
1948 (radio)
1968 (television)
Former names
Israel Broadcasting Service
(1951–1965)
Official website
www.iba.org.il
IBA head office in Romema, Jerusalem.

Israel Broadcasting Authority (often referred to as the IBA; Hebrew: רָשׁוּת השׁידוּר‎, Rashùt Ha-Shidúr literally: The Broadcast Authority) is Israel's state broadcasting network. It grew out of the radio station Kol Yisrael (Voice of Israel), which made its first broadcast as an independent station on March 14, 1948; 66 years ago (1948-03-14). The name of the organisation operating Kol Yisrael was changed to Israel Broadcasting Service in 1951. The law creating the Israel Broadcasting Authority was passed by the Knesset on 6 June 1965. Television broadcasts commenced on 2 May 1968, with colour television following on 23 February 1983, although occasional colour transmissions were made earlier, such as the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 and the visit of the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1977. The IBA will be shut down and replaced by a newly-formed state broadcaster in early 2015, with all television and radio stations being replaced on a 1-to-1 basis, but with greatly reduced staff and capital holdings.

Overview[edit]

It operates four television channels and several radio stations. IBA's television stations are officially free of advertising, but programs are often "sponsored" by commercial entities. Full advertising on the radio is allowed, however.

In 1990, the Israeli parliament passed a law which resulted in the creation of the Second Israeli Broadcasting Authority, whose function was to enable and regulate commercial television and private radio broadcasts in Israel. Until the establishment of the Second Broadcasting Authority and the widespread availability of cable television services in Israel (which also produce their own cable programming directed at the local market) in the early 1990s, the IBA maintained a virtual monopoly on television and radio broadcasting and production in Israel. There were a few exceptions, such as the morning and afternoon broadcasts delivered through IBA's television channel, which were produced by Israel Educational Television, the popular Israel Defense Forces Radio service, and a private radio station (the Voice of Peace) which operated offshore, outside Israeli territorial waters.

Israel Broadcasting Authority domestic programming and broadcasts are funded by levying television licence fees upon the owners of television sets. The licence fee is the primary source of revenue for the Israel Broadcasting Authority, the state broadcaster; however, its radio stations carry full advertising and its TV programmes sometime receive "sponsorship" from commercial entities to supplement this income. All broadcasting is covered by the code of ethics set out in the Nakdi Report.

The IBA (IBS at the time) was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1957. The decision made by the EBU General Assembly had the immediate effect that two founding broadcasters (the Egyptian and Syrian broadcasting services) quit as active members.[1]

The IBA provides news programming in 14 foreign languages directed at audiences abroad or in Israel through its IBA News programming available on the internet and through rebroadcasters.

In 2014, the Israeli cabinet approved reforms that will see the IBA closed and a new public broadcasting body take its place. The replacement network will create three separate television channels: a Hebrew, Arabic, and children's channel. As part of the reforms, the television tax levied on all Israelis who own a television to support the IBA will be abolished by March 2015. Eight new national radio stations will be created in place of the existing Kol Israel radio network.[2][3]

TV channels[edit]

  • Channel 1 (Haarutz Ha-Rishon) - The IBA's main channel (until the beginning of the 1990s there were no other channels on Israeli television, and it was called "Ha-Televizia Ha-israelit" - "The Israeli Television"). Part of the weekday daytime schedule is made up of broadcasts from Israeli Educational TV.
  • Channel 1 HD (Haarutz Ha-Rishon HD) - The IBA's main channel, broadcast in HD.
  • Channel 33 - News and factual programming during the day, Arabic-language channel in the evening.

Radio stations[edit]

Kol Yisrael ("The Voice of Israel") is the collective name for IBA's radio networks, as well as for the international service.

  • Reshet Aleph ("Network A"): radio station.
  • Reshet Bet ("Network B"): popular news, current events, and talk radio station.
  • Reshet Gimmel ("Network C"): radio station devoted to promoting Israeli music.
  • Reshet Dalet ("Network D"): radio station in Arabic, featuring a combination of talk and (generally) classical Arabic music.
  • Reka or Reshet Klitat 'Aliya: radio for recent immigrants to Israel, broadcasts in 13 languages (mostly Russian). This service was formerly known as "Kol Zion La-Golah" ("Voice of Israel abroad") and Reshet Heh ("Network E").
  • 88 FM: radio for 'quality music'.
  • Kol Ha-Musika ("The Voice of Music"): a radio station devoted to promoting European classical music.
  • Kol Ha-Kampus ("The Voice of the Campus") - a joint educational project of Kol Yisrael and the Israeli College of Management media school, in which students run the radio station and host programs of alternative music.

References[edit]

External links[edit]