Israel Railways

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רכבת ישראל בע"מ

Rakevet Yisra'el Ba'am

"Israel Railways Ltd."
خطوط السكك الحديدية الإسرائيلية
Israel Railways Logo.svg
IC3 -7044 Herzelia 27-4-2012.jpg
Locale Israel
Dates of operation 1948–present
Predecessor Palestine Railways
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length 1,138 km
Headquarters Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station
Tel Aviv, Israel
Website www.rail.co.il/EN

Israel Railways Company Ltd., doing business as Israel Railways (Hebrew: רַכֶּבֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Rakevet Yisra'el, Arabic: خطوط السكك الحديدية الإسرائيلية‎) is the state-owned principal railway company responsible for all inter-city, commuter, and freight rail transport in Israel. All its lines are standard gauge. The network is centered in Israel's densely populated coastal plain, from which lines radiate out in many directions. Unlike road vehicles and city trams, Israeli railway trains run on the left hand tracks, matching neighboring Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries, whose formerly connected rail networks were constructed by British engineers. The head office is located at the Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station in Tel Aviv.

Lines[edit]

Israel Railways lines as of summer 2013
Regional map of past and present railway lines

Israel Railways' passenger routes are divided into nine operational lines:

Terminus (north) Intermediate stations Terminus (south) Major destinations
Nahariya Akko - Kiryat Motzkin - Kiryat Haim - Hutzot HaMifratz - Lev HaMifratz - Haifa Center - Haifa Bat Galim - Haifa Hof HaCarmel - Atlit - Binyamina - Tel Aviv University - Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station - Tel Aviv HaShalom - Tel Aviv HaHagana - Lod - Kiryat Gat - Lehavim - Beersheba North Beersheba Center Nahariya - Akko - HaKrayot - Haifa - Atlit - Binyamina-Giv'at Ada / Or Akiva - Tel Aviv / Ramat Gan - Lod - Kiryat Gat - Lehavim / Rahat - Beersheba
Kiryat Motzkin Kiryat Haim - Hutzot HaMifratz - Lev HaMifratz - Haifa Center - Haifa Bat Galim Haifa Hof HaCarmel HaKrayot - Haifa
Binyamina Caesarea-Pardes Hanna - Hadera Ma'arav - Netanya - Beit Yehoshua - Herzliya - Tel Aviv University - Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station - Tel Aviv HaShalom - Tel Aviv HaHagana - Kfar Habad - Lod - Be'er Ya'akov - Rehovot - Yavne East - Ashdod Ashkelon Binyamina / Or Akiva - Caesarea Industrial Zone / Pardes Hanna-Karkur - Hadera - Beit Yehoshua / Even Yehuda - Herzliya - Tel Aviv / Ramat Gan - Kfar Habad - Lod - Be'er Ya'akov - Rehovot / Ness Ziona - Yavne - Ashdod - Ashkelon / Kfar Silver
Hod Hasharon Kfar Saba - Rosh HaAyin Tzafon - Petah Tikva Segula - Kiryat Arye - Bnei Brak - Tel Aviv University - Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station - Tel Aviv HaShalom - Tel Aviv HaHagana - Holon Junction - Holon-Wolfson - Bat Yam-Yoseftal - Bat Yam-Komemiyut - Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan - Yavne West- Ashdod- Ashkelon Sderot Kfar Saba / Hod HaSharon - Rosh HaAyin / Neve Yerek - Petah Tikva - Bnei Brak / Ramat Gan - Tel Aviv - Holon - Bat Yam - Rishon LeZion - Yavne - Ashdod - Ashkelon
Tel Aviv HaHagana Lod Ganei Aviv - Lod Rishon LeZion HaRishonim Tel Aviv - Lod - Rishon LeZion / Ness Ziona
Tel Aviv Savidor Central Tel Aviv HaShalom - Tel Aviv HaHagana - Lod - Ramla - Beit Shemesh - Biblical Zoo Jerusalem Malha Tel Aviv / Ramat Gan - Lod - Ramla - Beit Shemesh - Jerusalem
Tel Aviv Savidor Central Tel Aviv HaShalom - Tel Aviv HaHagana - Lod - Kiryat Gat - Lehavim Center - Beersheba North Beersheba Center Tel Aviv / Ramat Gan - Lod - Kiryat Gat - Lehavim / Rahat - Beersheba
Beersheba North Dimona Beersheba - Dimona
Tel Aviv Savidor Central Ben Gurion Airport - Paatei Modi'in Modi'in Central Tel Aviv - Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
EMD G12 Haifa, Israel Railway Museum IMG 6204.JPG DE locomotive 27 Bo-Bo.[1] Israel imported 23 from EMD 1954–62 and captured four more from Egyptian National Railways in the 1967 Six-Day War. Some have been withdrawn and one (107) is now in the Israel Railway Museum in Haifa.[2] 106 withdrawn after sabotage. 119, 123 withdrawned after incidents. 130 never in service due to Six Day War. 1954-'62
EMD G26 G26-Lod-11-08-06.jpg DE locomotive 12 [3] 1971–'82
T44 131-151.jpg DE locomotive 100 60 1 [4] 1989?
Alstom Prima JT 42CW 708-709-115.jpg DE locomotive 68 110 8 Series 702-709 1996
Alstom Prima JT 42BW Diesel Locomotive Alstom Heifa.jpg DE locomotive 87 140 48 Series 731-778 1996-'06
GA DE900 locomotives GA-DE900AC.jpg DE locomotive 50 80 3 Series 261-263 1997
Vossloh Euro 3200 Euro 4000 Israel Railways.JPG DE locomotive 100 160 24 Series 1301-1324. With modifications capable of 200 km/h. 2011-'13
Vossloh Euro 4000 Euro 4000 Israel Railways.JPG DE locomotive 14 Series 1401-1414. 2011
? ? Electric locomotive 100 160 ~80 In tender procedure.[5] 2016

Multiple Units[edit]

Class Image Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
ABB Scandia IC3 IC3 -7044 Herzelia 27-4-2012.jpg 112[6] 180[6] 9 (42-50) DMU's. The introduction of IC3-trains in the early 1990s marked the beginning of a political recommitment to major improvements in the services of Israel Railways. 42-50 purchased from SJ in 2005. 31 was scrapped after an incident near Revadim on august 10th, 2006.[7] 19, 21, 25 possible out of service. 1990
IC3 7039 ISRAEL RAIL EFI ELIAN.PNG 100[6] 160[6] 10 (01-10) 1992
31 (11-41) 1994-'96
? ? 100 160 ~60 Double deck EMU's. In tender procedure.[5] 2017

Carriages[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
GEC Alstom GEC ALSTHOM DMU at Haifa.jpg single deck push-pull 37 Assembled in Israel by Haargaz. 5 generator/driving coaches, 32 carriages.[8] 1996
Bombardier Lod-Station26-08-07.jpg double deck push-pull[9] 87 140 24 Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 401-424. Two trailers out of operation[10] 2001-'04
68 Coaches (TC-101) series 425-490. Four trailers out of operation[10] 2001-'04
7 Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 501-507.[10] 2005-'06
18 Coaches (TC-101) series 521-538.[10] 2005-'06
82 Coaches (TC-101) series 2201-2394.[10] 2005-'06
Siemens Viaggio Light Siemens Israel.jpg single deck push-pull[11][12] 100 160 87 Three types: standard coach (901-953[13] ), standard coach with wheelchair accessible toilets (825-849[13]) and DVT with diesel generator (801-810[13]).[14] First stock in service on March 8, 2009[15] 2008
single deck push-pull[16] 31 2011
Bombardier DD entering Haifa Bat-Galim.jpg double deck push-pull[17] 87 140 78 Further coaches were ordered from Bombardier in 2012 and delivered in 2014. 2011
Bombardier double deck push-pull[18] 100 160 72 Ordered in 2012 and delivered from the end of March 2014. Instead of already delivered double deck stock capable of higher speeds and advanced safety measures. First rolling stock capable for the 25 kV 50 Hz A1 fast line Jeruzalem - Tel Aviv 2014

Retired[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
Baldwin H class Haifa1931.jpg Steam locomotive 6 Series 7-12 (H2), 13-17 (H3), 33 of series 871-920. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60. 1918
NBL/Borsig Egyptian 545 class Steam locomotive 4 5 captured during 1956 Israeli invasion of Sinai on the former Palestine Railways main line between El Kantara East and Gaza: numbers 546, 550 and 557 (NBL) and numbers 607 and 613 (Borsig). 4 taken into stock and used them around Lod in central Israel for 1–2 years. Withdrawn and scrapped in 1959. 1928, '31
NBL P class 4-6-0 Israel Railways P-Class loco.jpg Steam locomotive 6 Series 60-65. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60. Tender of 62 preserved in Railway Museum. 1935
LMS Stanier Class 8F IL steam engine.jpg Steam locomotive 23 Series around 70513. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1958. One (the 24th) stranded 8F, 70372 (NBL works no. 24680), on a small section of the main line near Tulkarm on the West Bank side of the 1949 Armistice line.It remained there, increasingly derelict, until after the 1967 Israeli 6 day war. The Israelis finally removed and scrapped it in about 1973. A similar 8F of TCDD 70414 preserved at Be'er Sheva Turkish Railway Station 1935-'46
USATC S100 Class S100Design.png Steam locomotive 2 Number 21 &22 (class 957?). Transported from Europe to Suez in September 1942. To Palestine Railways, later Army. Later to Israel Railways.[19] 1 1942
GM SAFB DE locomotive 68 110 3 BoBo. In service until 1998.[8] 1951-'52
Esslingen Israel Railways Esslingen LHB 1956.jpg DMU 12 Similar to German VT08. 3-car sets (powered coaches 1-12, intermediate coaches 1-12, driving coaches 1-12), some later extended to 4-unit sets (with intermediate coaches 13-22).[20] In the early sixties converted to non-powered coaches in push-pull service because of high maintenance costs. Withdrawn in 1979. Some carriages continued in regular services from 1992 until nineties as 111-117.[8] One trailer should be preserved by the Country Museum in Tel Aviv 1956
Esslingen Israel Railways Esslingen locomotive 228-1959.jpg DE locomotive 18 Series 211-229. Similar to DB Class V 60. In the mid-1960s, the Esslingen factory was closed. As a result, some almost-new locomotives were cannibalised for parts.[21] 1 preserved in Railway Museum. 1955-'56
EMD G16 IsraelRailwaysLoco163.jpg DE locomotive 3 Co-Co. During the Six-Day War Israel captured Egyptian Railways 3304, 3329 and 3361 which were appropriated into Israel Railways stock as numbers 301-303, later 161–163.[22] All have now been withdrawn from service but 163 (formerly ER 3361) is preserved at the Israel Railway Museum. 1960-'61
O&K carriages 8 3rd class coaches similar to German Eilzugwagen. Seating however different with 2+3 seat arrangement and 96 seats.[23] 1955
Carel et Fouché CarF JT42BW1.jpg carriages 14 Picture: first carriage. Series 71-84 1961
Boris Kidrič/Metalka "Yugo" carriages 43 Series 601-643. 610 converted to half passenger carriage, half generator car. Some other were converted to full generator carriages.[24][25] 621 in 2009 used as office in red colors in Bnei Brak.[26] 1964-'72
DEV-Inox Carel et Fouché Voiture SNCF DEV Inox 1.jpg carriages 8 Bought from SNCF in 1994 (Series 91-98). Original 1st class A9TJ-mainline carriage U64. Declassified to B10 1/2TJ in eighties. Scrapped in 2006.[27] 1 preserved in Railway Museum. 1965
British Railways Mark 2 TSO carriages 8 or 12 Bought from British Railways in 1977 (Series 681-688). 1 preserved in Railway Museum.[8][28] 1970
FIAT 7225 Railcar 80 128 0 10 ordered. After 8 were finished, the order was cancelled for unclear reasons. Italian literature wrote because of the Yom Kippur War. All ten units were sold to Ferrocarril del Pacifico and Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico in Mexico,[29][30] were they entered service in 1975.[31] 1970/1973[31]

Performance[edit]

Statistics
1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1991[32] 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004[33] 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Passengers 1.5 4.4 4.1 3.3 2.475 2.874 4.845 5.100 5.569 6.382 8.785 12.698 15.057 17.540 19.826 22.927 26.809 28.351 31.791 35.136 35.934 35.877 35.929 40.369 45[34]
Revenue (passenger) (NIS)[35] 53[36] 86[36] 250[36] 644[36] 636[36] 617[36] 683[36]
Revenue (freight) (NIS)[35] 180[36] 212[36] 213[36] 112[36] 147[36] 148[36] 136[36]
Total Revenue (NIS)[35] 324[36] 393[36] 574[36] 814[36] 840[36] 813[36] 866[36]
Passenger-kilometres[35] 170 267 781 2,011 1,986 1,927 2,133
Train-kilometres (passenger)[35] 3.812 9.375 8.905 8.767 8.348
Ton-kilometres (cargo)[35] 1,498 1,571 1,609 1,508 1,556
Network length (km)[35] 940 858 926 1,001 1,035 1,079 1,138

All figures in millions.

Corporate affairs[edit]

Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station, the location of the Israel Railways head office

The head office is located at the Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station in Tel Aviv.[37]

Until 1980 the head office was located at the Haifa Central Station. Tzvi Tzafriri, the general manager of Israel Railways, decided to move the head office to Tel Aviv Savidor. In May 2009 Yediot Aharonot said that Israel Railways was planning to move the head office to Lod. In response the Railway company said this was necessary to centralize the various offices around Israel, to use a more central location in the country and to have more inexpensive land. The company said this was also central to a major railway station.[38]

Notable accidents[edit]

  • On December 26, 1963 two passenger trains on the then single-track main line linking Tel Aviv and Haifa collided head-on at Bet Yehoshua just south of Netanya.[39] The northbound train had passed a red signal and its locomotive rode over and crushed the locomotive of the southbound train.[40] None of the coaches was derailed but a coupler broke in the northbound train detaching the rear three coaches.[41] The continuous train brake should have then automatically stopped the detached coaches but it had not been connected properly so they started to roll back southwards.[41] 55 people were injured but only three seriously enough to be detained in hospital.[41] The two head-end crews survived but their locomotives, EMD G12s 105 and 118, were destroyed.[41]
  • In 1972 a train crashed into a military truck,[where?] killing 18 soldiers.[citation needed]
  • HaBonim disaster: On June 11, 1985 a train collided with a bus carrying school children, killing 19 children and 3 adults, near moshav HaBonim.[citation needed]
  • On June 21, 2005 an IC3 train crashed into a freight truck near kibbutz Revadim, killing 8 and injuring 198.[42]
  • July 8, 2005, a train collided with a truck between Kiryat Gat and Ahuzam, resulting the death of the train driver and 38 injuries.[43][44] Oמ February 2012 a plea bargain had been set[45] for the Revadim crash.
  • On June 12, 2006 a train crashed into a truck near Beit Yehoshua, killing 5 and injuring from 77 to over 80.[46][47]
  • On December 27, 2009 a train crashed into a car near Kiryat Gat. The driver proceeded without regard to the train checkpoint on the road. The train struck his car and he was killed.[48]
  • On August 5, 2010 a train crashed into a minibus near Kiryat Gat, killing 7 and injuring 6. The minibus was hit at 19:05 GMT+3 on Route 353, apparently as it tried to pass over a level crossing.[49][50]
  • On December 28, 2010 a fire started in a train near kibbutz Yakum, probably because of a short circuit, injuring 116.[51]
  • On April 7, 2011 two trains collided frontally near Netanya, injuring 59.[52]
  • On October 4, 2013, two men walking along railroad tracks in the Emek Hefer valley industrial zone were killed by a train.[53]
  • On December 18, 2013, a Beersheba-bound train collided with a group of camels walking along railroad tracks at the Segev Shalom Junction in the Negev, killing 14 camels. The incident caused massive delays in train traffic.[54]
  • On December 29, 2013, an Israel Railways worker was run down and killed by a train near Lod.[55]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cotterell, 1984, page 136
  2. ^ Cotterell, 1984, page 137
  3. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 1990), Swedish State Railways Class T44. Issue 8
  4. ^ a b Tender E-locos
  5. ^ a b c d Railfaneurope.net
  6. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Rolling stock news: IC3 set condemned. Series 19:4 issue 75
  7. ^ a b c d Israel Railways Modern Passenger Trains
  8. ^ "ISR orders more double-deckers". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Tender Israel Railwaays 2013
  10. ^ "Viaggio". Siemens. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  11. ^ "Siemens Israel / Mobility in Israel". Siemens. 
  12. ^ a b c HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Siemens Coach number. Series 22:1 issue 84
  13. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (september 2009), XXI Siemens Coaches in operation. Inititial impressions. Series 22:3 issue 86
  14. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Siemens stock into service. Series 22:2 issue 85
  15. ^ "Israel Railways orders second batch of Siemens coaches". railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  16. ^ "ISR orders more double-deckers". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  17. ^ "First electrification-ready stock delivered to Israel Railways.". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  18. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (September 1992), WD/USA 0-6-0Ts in Palestina, 1942-46. Issue 18
  19. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (July 1990). Issue 9
  20. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (June 1992), The Esslingen shunters. Issue 17
  21. ^ Cotterell, Paul (1984). The Railways of Palestine and Israel. Abingdon: Tourret Publishing. p. 103. ISBN 0-905878-04-3. 
  22. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (December 2009), 3rd. Class Passenger Coaches for the Israeli State Railways. Series 22:4 issue 87
  23. ^ "Israel Railways Passenger Trains - Details on Short Iron Carriage Types" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2008-02-15. [dead link]
  24. ^ "General Information - Types of Rolling Stock in Use" (in Hebrew). Israel Railways. Archived from the original on 2007-10-28. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  25. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (September 2009), News. Series 22:3 issue 86
  26. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Rolling stock news: End of French coaches. Series 19:4 issue 75
  27. ^ Railfaneurope.net
  28. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild, Rabbi Walter (12-2007), A Quarterly Journal of the Railways of the Middle East
  29. ^ Postvagnen.com
  30. ^ a b HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (December 2007), The mysterious Fiat railcars. Series 20:4 issue 79
  31. ^ HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (april 1992), A Record Year. Issue 16
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ Globes.co.il, february 9th, 2014.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g CBS, STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF ISRAEL 2013 ISRAEL RAILWAY SERVICES
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u 2010 prices
  36. ^ "Application Form for Compensation/Refund for Delay." (Archive) Israel Railways. Retrieved on 9 April 2013. "Tel Aviv Central-Savidor Station, POB. 18085, Tel Aviv 61180"
  37. ^ "From press release of May." (Press Release May 2009) (Archive) Israel Railways. Retrieved on 9 April 2013.
  38. ^ Cotterell, 1984, page 101
  39. ^ Cotterell, 1984, pages 101–102
  40. ^ a b c d Cotterell, 1984, page 102
  41. ^ Tova Dadon (2005-06-25). "Israeli train crash". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  42. ^ Tomer Zarchin (19 March 2009), "Israel Railways, executives charged in fatal crashes", www.haaretz.com 
  43. ^ Tova Dadon (19 March 2009), "Train, truck collide in south", www.ynet.co.il 
  44. ^ http://news.nana10.co.il/Article/?ArticleID=876851
  45. ^ Ra'anan Ben-Tzur, Oren Rice (2006-06-12). "Train accident in the Sharon region - 5 dead, dozens wounded" (in Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  46. ^ Roni Singer-Heruti (2007-03-22). "Police: Try Israel Railways head for negligence over fatal crash". Haaretz. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  47. ^ Sagi Bashan (2009-12-27). "One killed in crash between train and car; Trains traffic disruptions in southern Israel" (in Hebrew). Reshet. 
  48. ^ "Seven die in southern Israel as train hits minibus". BBC. 2010-08-04. 
  49. ^ Tova Dadon (2010-08-05). "7 killed in crash between train and minibus in southern Israel" (in Hebrew). Ynet. 
  50. ^ Raanan Ben Zur and Aviel Magensi (2010-12-28). "Fire started in a train from Haifa to Tel Aviv, 116 injured" (in Hebrew). Ynet. 
  51. ^ Raanan Ben Zur and Aviel Magensi (2011-04-07). "59 wounded in a frontal collision between two trains near Netanya" (in Hebrew). Ynet. 
  52. ^ "2 killed by passenger train in central Israel". Ynetnews. 4-10-2013. 
  53. ^ Mati Siver (2013-12-18). "14 camels killed by train in Negev". Ynetnews. 
  54. ^ "Israel Railways worker killed by passing train". Ynetnews. 2013-12-29. 

External links[edit]