Israeli legislative election, 1951

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‹ 1949 Flag of Israel.svg 1955 ›
Elections for the 2nd Knesset
30 July 1951

Party Chairman Votes  % Seats +/–
Mapai David Ben-Gurion 256,456 37.3% 45 Red Arrow Down.svg -1
General Zionists Israel Rokach 111,394 16.2% 20 Green Arrow Up.svg +13
Mapam Meir Ya'ari 86,095 12.5% 15 Red Arrow Down.svg -4
Hapoel HaMizrachi Haim-Moshe Shapira 46,347 6.8% 8  
Herut Menachem Begin 45,651 6.6% 8 Red Arrow Down.svg -6
Maki Shmuel Mikunis 27,334 4.0% 5 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Progressive Party Pinchas Rosen 22,171 3.2% 4 Red Arrow Down.svg -1
Democratic List for Israeli Arabs Seif el-Din el-Zoubi 16,370 2.0% 3 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Agudat Yisrael Yitzhak-Meir Levin 13,799 2.0% 3  
Sephardim and Oriental Communities Eliyahu Eliashar 12,002 1.8% 2 Red Arrow Down.svg -2
Poalei Agudat Yisrael Binyamin Mintz 11,194 1.6% 2  
Mizrachi David-Zvi Pinkas 10,383 1.5% 2  
Progress and Work Salah-Hassan Hanifes 8,067 1.2% 1  
Yemenite Association Shimon Garidi 7,965 1.2% 1 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Agriculture and Development Faras Hamdan 7,851 1.1% 1  
Note - The above list contains only the parties which passed the threshold.

See complete expanded list in the full table below.


Prime Minister before election

David Ben-Gurion
Mapai

Subsequent Prime Minister

David Ben-Gurion
Mapai

President Chaim Weizmann votes
Bedouin man votes

Elections for the second Knesset were held in Israel on 30 July 1951. Voter turnout was 75.1%.[1]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Mapai ¹ 256,456 37.3 45 -1
General Zionists ² 111,394 16.2 20 +13
Mapam ¹ 86,095 12.5 15 -4
Hapoel HaMizrachi 46,347 6.8 8 +1
Herut 45,651 6.6 8 -6
Maki ¹ 27,334 4.0 5 +1
Progressive Party 22,171 3.2 4 -1
Democratic List for Israeli Arabs 16,370 2.0 3 New
Agudat Yisrael 13,799 2.0 3 +1
Sephardim and Oriental Communities ² 12,002 1.8 2 -2
Poalei Agudat Yisrael 11,194 1.6 2 -1
Mizrachi 10,383 1.5 2 -2
Progress and Work 8,067 1.2 1 New
Yemenite Association 7,965 1.2 1 0
Agriculture and Development 7,851 1.1 1 New
Sepharadim-Ashkenazim Unity 4,038 0.6 0 New
For New Immigrants and Freed Soldiers 375 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 7,515 - - -
Total 695,007 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

¹ Rostam Bastuni, Avraham Berman and Moshe Sneh left Mapam and set up the Left Faction. Bastuni later returned to Mapam whilst Berman and Sneh joined Maki. Hannah Lamdan and David Livschitz left Mapam and set up the Faction independent of Ahdut HaAvoda before joining Mapai. Four other members left Mapam to found Ahdut HaAvoda - Poale Zion, but the move was not recognised by the Knesset speaker.

² Sephardim and Oriental Communities joined the General Zionists

The Second Knesset[edit]

The second Knesset was highly unstable, with four separate governments and two different Prime Ministers. As with the first Knesset, the speaker was Yosef Sprinzak.

Third government[edit]

The second Knesset started with David Ben-Gurion forming the third government of Israel (the first Knesset had two governments) on 8 October 1951. His Mapai party formed a coalition with Mizrachi, Hapoel HaMizrachi, Agudat Yisrael, Agudat Yisrael Workers and the three Israeli Arab parties, the Democratic List for Israeli Arabs, Progress and Work and Agriculture and Development. Like the first Knesset, there were 15 ministers. The government resigned on 19 December 1952 due to a dispute with the religious parties over religious education.

Fourth government[edit]

Ben-Gurion formed the fourth government on 24 December 1952, dropping the ultra-orthodox parties (Agudat Yisrael and Agudat Yisrael Workers) and replacing them with the General Zionists and the Progressive Party. The new government had 16 ministers. Ben-Gurion resigned on 6 December 1953 as he wished to settle in the Negev kibbutz of Sde Boker.

Fifth government[edit]

Moshe Sharett formed the fifth government on 26 January 1954 with the same coalition partners and ministers. Sharett resigned on 29 June 1955, when the General Zionists refused to abstain from voting on a motion of no-confidence brought by Herut and Maki over the government's position on the trial of Malchiel Gruenwald, who had accused Rudolf Kastner of collaborating with the Nazis.

Sixth government[edit]

Sharett formed the sixth government on 29 June 1955, eliminating the General Zionists and the Progressive Party from the coalition and reducing the number of ministers to 12. The new government did not last long, as a general election was called for 26 July 1955.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p123 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]