Israeli legislative election, 1959

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‹ 1955 Flag of Israel.svg 1961 ›
Elections for the 4th Knesset
3 November 1959

Party Chairman Votes  % Seats +/–
Mapai David Ben-Gurion 370,585 38.2% 47 Green Arrow Up.svg +7
Herut Menachem Begin 130,515 13.5% 17 Green Arrow Up.svg +2
National Religious Party Haim-Moshe Shapira 95,581 9.9% 12  
Mapam Meir Ya'ari 69,468 7.2% 9 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
General Zionists Yosef Sapir 59,700 6.2% 8 Red Arrow Down.svg -5
Ahdut HaAvoda Yisrael Galili 58,043 6.0% 7 Red Arrow Down.svg -3
Religious Torah Front Yitzhak-Meir Levin 45,569 4.7% 6 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Progressive Party Pinchas Rosen 44,889 4.6% 6 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Maki Shmuel Mikunis 27,374 2.8% 3 Red Arrow Down.svg -3
Progress and Development Ahmed A-Dahar 12,347 1.3% 2  
Cooperation and Brotherhood Labib Abu Rokan 11,104 1.1% 2  
Agriculture and Development Mahmud Al-Nashaf 10,902 1.1% 1 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Note - The above list contains only the parties which passed the threshold.

See complete expanded list in the full table below.


Prime Minister before election

David Ben-Gurion
Mapai

Subsequent Prime Minister

David Ben-Gurion
Mapai

Elections for the fourth Knesset were held in Israel on 3 November 1959. Voter turnout was 81.5%.[1]

Background[edit]

Election campaign[edit]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/−
Mapai 370,585 38.2 47 +7
Herut 130,515 13.5 17 +2
National Religious Party 95,581 9.9 12 +1
Mapam 69,468 7.2 9 0
General Zionists ¹ 59,700 6.2 8 −5
Ahdut HaAvoda 58,043 6.0 7 −3
Religious Torah Front ² 45,569 4.7 6 0
Progressive Party ¹ 44,889 4.6 6 +1
Maki 27,374 2.8 3 −3
Progress and Development 12,347 1.3 2 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood 11,104 1.1 2 New
Agriculture and Development 10,902 1.1 1 0
Union of North African Immigrants 8,199 0.8 0 New
Progress and Work 4,651 0.5 0 −2
Independent Faction for Israeli Arabs 3,818 0.4 0 New
Israeli Arab Labour Party 3,369 0.3 0 New
Sephardi National Party 3,133 0.3 0 New
National Union 2,456 0.2 0 0
Holocaust Handicapped and Injured Faction 1,765 0.2 0 New
Yemenite Faction 1,711 0.2 0 0
Independents 1,611 0.2 0 New
Socialist Union (Bund) 1,322 0.1 0 New
New Immigrants Front 631 0.1 0 0
Third Power 594 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 24,967 - - -
Total 994,306 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

¹ The General Zionists and the Progressive Party merged to form the Liberal Party.

² The Religious Torah Front split into its two constituent parts, Agudat Yisrael (four seats) and Poalei Agudat Yisrael (two seats).

The Fourth Knesset[edit]

The fourth Knesset started with David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party forming the ninth government on 17 December 1959. His coalition included the National Religious Party, Mapam, Ahdut HaAvoda, the Progressive Party and the three Israeli Arab parties, Progress and Development, Cooperation and Brotherhood and Agriculture and Development. The government had 16 ministers. Mapai's Kadish Luz became the Speaker of the Knesset.

The government collapsed when Ben-Gurion resigned on 31 January 1961, over a motion of no-confidence brought by Herut and the General Zionists concerning the Lavon Affair. After Ben-Gurion was unable to form a new government new elections were called. At only one year and nine months, the fourth Knesset is the shortest Knesset term to date.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p124 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]