Israeli legislative election, 1959

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Elections for the 4th Knesset
← 1955 3 November 1959 1961 →
Party Leader % Seats +/−
Mapai David Ben-Gurion 38.2% 47 +7
Herut Menachem Begin 13.5% 17 +2
National Religious Party Haim-Moshe Shapira 9.9% 12 +1
Mapam Meir Ya'ari 7.2% 9 0
General Zionists Yosef Sapir 6.2% 8 -5
Ahdut HaAvoda Yisrael Galili 6.0% 7 -3
Religious Torah Front Yitzhak-Meir Levin 4.7% 6 0
Progressive Party Pinchas Rosen 4.6% 6 +1
Maki Shmuel Mikunis 2.8% 3 -3
Progress and Development Ahmed A-Dahar 1.3% 2 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood Labib Abu Rokan 1.1% 2 New
Agriculture and Development Mahmud Al-Nashaf 1.1% 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
David Ben-Gurion
Mapai
David Ben-Gurion
Mapai

Elections for the fourth Knesset were held in Israel on 3 November 1959. Voter turnout was 81.5%.[1]

Background[edit]

Election campaign[edit]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/−
Mapai 370,585 38.2 47 +7
Herut 130,515 13.5 17 +2
National Religious Party 95,581 9.9 12 +1
Mapam 69,468 7.2 9 0
General Zionists ¹ 59,700 6.2 8 −5
Ahdut HaAvoda 58,043 6.0 7 −3
Religious Torah Front ² 45,569 4.7 6 0
Progressive Party ¹ 44,889 4.6 6 +1
Maki 27,374 2.8 3 −3
Progress and Development 12,347 1.3 2 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood 11,104 1.1 2 New
Agriculture and Development 10,902 1.1 1 0
Union of North African Immigrants 8,199 0.8 0 New
Progress and Work 4,651 0.5 0 −2
Independent Faction for Israeli Arabs 3,818 0.4 0 New
Israeli Arab Labour Party 3,369 0.3 0 New
Sephardi National Party 3,133 0.3 0 New
National Union 2,456 0.2 0 0
Holocaust Handicapped and Injured Faction 1,765 0.2 0 New
Yemenite Faction 1,711 0.2 0 0
Independents 1,611 0.2 0 New
Socialist Union (Bund) 1,322 0.1 0 New
New Immigrants Front 631 0.1 0 0
Third Power 594 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 24,967 - - -
Total 994,306 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

¹ The General Zionists and the Progressive Party merged to form the Liberal Party.

² The Religious Torah Front split into its two constituent parts, Agudat Yisrael (four seats) and Poalei Agudat Yisrael (two seats).

The Fourth Knesset[edit]

The fourth Knesset started with David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party forming the ninth government on 17 December 1959. His coalition included the National Religious Party, Mapam, Ahdut HaAvoda, the Progressive Party and the three Israeli Arab parties, Progress and Development, Cooperation and Brotherhood and Agriculture and Development. The government had 16 ministers. Mapai's Kadish Luz became the Speaker of the Knesset.

The government collapsed when Ben-Gurion resigned on 31 January 1961, over a motion of no-confidence brought by Herut and the General Zionists concerning the Lavon Affair. After Ben-Gurion was unable to form a new government new elections were called. At only one year and nine months, the fourth Knesset is the shortest Knesset term to date.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p124 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]