Israeli legislative election, 1961

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Elections for the 5th Knesset
Israel
← 1959 15 August 1961 1965 →
Party Leader % Seats +/−
Mapai David Ben-Gurion 34.7% 42 -5
Herut Menachem Begin 13.8% 17 0
Liberal Party Peretz Bernstein 13.6% 17 +3
National Religious Party Haim-Moshe Shapira 9.8% 12 0
Mapam Meir Ya'ari 7.5% 9 0
Ahdut HaAvoda Yisrael Galili 6.6% 8 +1
Maki Shmuel Mikunis 4.2% 5 +2
Agudat Yisrael Yitzhak-Meir Levin 3.7% 4
Poalei Agudat Yisrael Kalman Kahana 1.9% 2
Cooperation and Brotherhood Diyab Obeid 1.9% 2 0
Progress and Development Ahmed A-Dahar 1.6% 2 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
David Ben Gurion
Mapai
David Ben Gurion
Mapai

Elections for the fifth Knesset were held in Israel on 15 August 1961. Voter turnout was 81.6%.[1]

Background[edit]

Election campaign[edit]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/−
Mapai ¹ 349,330 34.7 42 −5
Herut ² 138,599 13.8 17 0
Liberal Party ² 137,255 13.6 17 +3
National Religious Party 98,786 9.8 12 0
Mapam 75,654 7.5 9 0
Ahdut HaAvoda 66,170 6.6 8 +1
Maki ³ 42,111 4.2 5 +2
Agudat Yisrael 37,178 3.7 4 0
Poalei Agudat Yisrael 19,428 1.9 2 0
Cooperation and Brotherhood 19,342 1.9 2 0
Progress and Development 16,034 1.6 2 0
Progress and Work 3,561 0.4 0 0
Religious Sephardim List 3,181 0.3 0 New
Supporters of Democracy 335 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 30,066 - - -
Total 1,037,030 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

¹ Eight MKs broke away from Mapai to establish Rafi.

² Herut and the Liberal Party merged to form Gahal. Seven Liberal Party members unhappy with the decision (largely former Progressive Party members) broke away to form the Independent Liberals.

³ Two MKs broke away from Maki to establish Rakah.

The Fifth Knesset[edit]

Tenth government[edit]

The fifth Knesset started with David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party forming the tenth government on 2 November 1961. His coalition included the National Religious Party, Ahdut HaAvoda, Agudat Israel Workers, Cooperation and Brotherhood and Progress and Development, and had 13 ministers. Kadish Luz of Mapai was appointed Knesset Speaker. The government collapsed when Ben-Gurion resigned on 16 June 1963 citing personal reasons, but in reality was annoyed at a perceived lack of support from his colleagues. He later broke away from Mapai with several colleagues to form Rafi.

Eleventh government[edit]

Levi Eshkol took over Mapai and formed the eleventh government on 26 June 1963 with the same coalition partners as previously, but one more minister. The government resigned on 10 December 1964 when Ben-Gurion demanded that members of the Supreme Court investigate the Lavon Affair.

Twelfth government[edit]

Eshkol formed the twelfth government a week later on 22 December 1964 with the same coalition partners and ministers as previously.

The fifth Knesset was notable for the coalescing of the two major right-wing parties (Herut and the Liberal Party) to form an electoral block (Gahal) capable of threatening Mapai's hegemony in Israeli politics. Gahal, which by then had become Likud, finally overtook Mapai (which had merged into the Alignment) in the 1977 elections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p124 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]