Israeli legislative election, 1969

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Elections for the 7th Knesset
Israel
← 1965 28 October 1969 1973 →
Party Leader % Seats +/−
Alignment Golda Meir 46.2% 56 -7
Gahal Menachem Begin 21.7% 26 0
National Religious Party Haim-Moshe Shapira 9.7% 12 +1
Agudat Yisrael Yitzhak-Meir Levin 3.2% 4 0
Independent Liberals Moshe Kol 3.2% 4 -1
National List David Ben-Gurion 3.1% 4 New
Rakah Meir Vilner 2.8% 3 0
Progress and Development Seif el-Din el-Zoubi 2.1% 2 0
Poalei Agudat Yisrael Kalman Kahana 1.9% 2 0
Cooperation and Brotherhood Diyab Obeid 1.4% 2 0
Meri Uri Avnery 1.2% 2 +1
Free Centre Shmuel Tamir 1.2% 2 New
Maki Moshe Sneh 1.1% 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Golda Meir
Alignment
Golda Meir
Alignment

Elections for the seventh Knesset were held in Israel on 28 October 1969. Voter turnout was 81.7%.[1]

Background[edit]

Six-Day War[edit]

Main article: Six-Day War

Election campaign[edit]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/−
Alignment ¹ 632,135 46.2 56 −7
Gahal 296,294 21.7 26 0
National Religious Party ² 133,238 9.7 12 +1
Agudat Yisrael 44,002 3.2 4 0
Independent Liberals 43,933 3.2 4 −1
National List ¹ 42,654 3.1 4 New
Rakah 38,827 2.8 3 0
Progress and Development 28,046 2.1 2 0
Poalei Agudat Yisrael 24,968 1.9 2 0
Cooperation and Brotherhood 19.943 1.4 2 0
HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash ³ 16,853 1.2 2 +1
Free Centre 16,393 1.2 2 New
Maki 15,712 1.1 1 0
List for the Land of Israel 7,591 0.6 0 New
Peace List 5,138 0.4 0 0
Young Israel 2,116 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 60,238 - - -
Total 1,427,981 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

¹ Meir Avizohar defected from the National List to the Alignment

² Avner Shaki left the National Religious Party and remained a single MK

³ Shalom Cohen left HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash, which was renamed Meri

The election[edit]

The 1969 election is notable for the fact that the Alignment coalition was returned to power with the largest number of seats ever won in an Israeli election (56 out of 120). It is also the only time a party or electoral alliance has even approached winning a majority in an election. This can be attributed to the government's popularity following the country's victory in the Six Day War, and that the Alignment had been formed by an alliance of the four most popular left-wing parties who between them had taken 51.2% of the vote in the previous election.

It was also the last election with such a decisive majority for the left-wing in Israel, as the disastrous Yom Kippur War shortly before the next elections seriously damaged the Alignment's credibility, with its margin over Likud (the largest right-wing grouping) reduced to only 12 seats.

The Seventh Knesset[edit]

Golda Meir of the Alignment formed the fifteenth government, a national unity government including Gahal, the National Religious Party, the Independent Liberals, Progress and Development and Cooperation and Brotherhood. There were 24 ministers.

Gahal resigned from the coalition on 6 August 1970 after the government had decided to adopt the Rogers Plan.

The seventh Knesset was one of the most stable, with only one new party created (and that itself was virtually a rename of an existing party) and four MKs changing parties.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p125 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]