Israeli legislative election, 1969

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‹ 1965 Flag of Israel.svg 1973 ›
Elections for the 7th Knesset
28 October 1969

Party Chairman Votes  % Seats +/–
Alignment Golda Meir 632,035 46.2% 56 Green Arrow Up.svg +11
Gahal Menachem Begin 296,294 21.7% 26 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
National Religious Party Haim-Moshe Shapira 133,238 9.7% 12 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Agudat Yisrael Yitzhak-Meir Levin 44,002 3.2% 4 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Independent Liberals Moshe Kol 43,933 3.2% 4 Red Arrow Down.svg -1
National List David Ben-Gurion 42,654 3.1% 4  
Rakah Meir Vilner 38,827 2.8% 3 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Progress and Development Seif el-Din el-Zoubi 28,046 2.1% 2 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Poalei Agudat Yisrael Kalman Kahana 24,968 1.9% 2 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Cooperation and Brotherhood Diyab Obeid 19,943 1.4% 2 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Meri Uri Avnery 16,853 1.2% 2 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Free Centre Shmuel Tamir 16,393 1.2% 2  
Maki Moshe Sneh 15,712 1.1% 1 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Note - The above list contains only the parties which passed the threshold.

See complete expanded list in the full table below.


Prime Minister before election

Golda Meir
Alignment

Subsequent Prime Minister

Golda Meir
Alignment

Elections for the seventh Knesset were held in Israel on 28 October 1969. Voter turnout was 81.7%.[1]

Background[edit]

Six-Day War[edit]

Main article: Six-Day War

Election campaign[edit]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Alignment ¹ 632,135 46.2 56 -7
Gahal 296,294 21.7 26 0
National Religious Party ² 133,238 9.7 12 +1
Agudat Yisrael 44,002 3.2 4 0
Independent Liberals 43,933 3.2 4 -1
National List ¹ 42,654 3.1 4 New
Rakah 38,827 2.8 3 0
Progress and Development 28,046 2.1 2 0
Poalei Agudat Yisrael 24,968 1.9 2 0
Cooperation and Brotherhood 19.943 1.4 2 0
HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash ³ 16,853 1.2 2 +1
Free Centre 16,393 1.2 2 New
Maki 15,712 1.1 1 0
List for the Land of Israel 7,591 0.6 0 New
Peace List 5,138 0.4 0 0
Young Israel 2,116 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 60,238 - - -
Total 1,427,981 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

¹ Meir Avizohar defected from the National List to the Alignment

² Avner Shaki left the National Religious Party and remained a single MK

³ Shalom Cohen left HaOlam HaZeh - Koah Hadash, which was renamed Meri

The election[edit]

The 1969 election is notable for the fact that the Alignment coalition was returned to power with the largest number of seats ever won in an Israeli election (56 out of 120). It is also the only time a party or electoral alliance has even approached winning a majority in an election. This can be attributed to the government's popularity following the country's victory in the Six Day War, and that the Alignment had been formed by an alliance of the four most popular left-wing parties who between them had taken 51.2% of the vote in the previous election.

It was also the last election with such a decisive majority for the left-wing in Israel, as the disastrous Yom Kippur War shortly before the next elections seriously damaged the Alignment's credibility, with its margin over Likud (the largest right-wing grouping) reduced to only 12 seats.

The Seventh Knesset[edit]

Golda Meir of the Alignment formed the fifteenth government, a national unity government including Gahal, the National Religious Party, the Independent Liberals, Progress and Development and Cooperation and Brotherhood. There were 24 ministers.

Gahal resigned from the coalition on 6 August 1970 after the government had decided to adopt the Rogers Plan.

The seventh Knesset was one of the most stable, with only one new party created (and that itself was virtually a rename of an existing party) and four MKs changing parties.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p125 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]