Israeli legislative election, 1973

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‹ 1969 Flag of Israel.svg 1977 ›
Elections for the 8th Knesset
31 December 1973

Party Chairman Votes  % Seats +/–
Alignment Golda Meir 621,183 39.6% 51 Red Arrow Down.svg -5
Likud Menachem Begin 473,309 30.2% 39  
National Religious Party Zevulun Hammer 130,349 8.3% 10 Red Arrow Down.svg -2
Religious Torah Front Shlomo Lorincz 60,012 3.8% 5  
Independent Liberals Moshe Kol 56,560 3.6% 4 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Rakah Meir Vilner 53,353 3.4% 4 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Ratz Shulamit Aloni 35,023 2.2% 3  
Progress and Development Seif el-Din el-Zoubi 22,604 1.4% 2 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
Moked Meir Pa'il 22,147 1.4% 1  
Arab List for Bedouin
and Villagers
Hamad Abu Rabia 16,408 1.0% 1  
Note - The above list contains only the parties which passed the threshold.

See complete expanded list in the full table below.


Prime Minister before election

Golda Meir
Alignment

Subsequent Prime Minister

Golda Meir
Alignment

The Elections for the eighth Knesset were held on 31 December 1973. Voter turnout was 78.6%.[1] The election was postponed for two months because of The Yom Kippur War.

Background[edit]

War of Attrition[edit]

Main article: War of Attrition

Election campaign[edit]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Alignment 1 4 5 6 621,183 39.6 51 -5
Likud 2 473,309 30.2 39 +7
National Religious Party 130,349 8.3 10 -2
Religious Torah Front 3 60,012 3.8 5 -1
Independent Liberals 2 56,560 3.6 4 0
Rakah 53,353 3.4 4 +1
Ratz 1 35,023 2.2 3 New
Progress and Development 4 22,604 1.4 2 0
Moked 22,147 1.4 1 New
Arab List for Bedouin and Villagers 4 16,408 1.0 1 New
Black Panthers 13,332 0.9 0 New
Kach 12,811 0.8 0 New
Meri 10,469 0.7 0 -1
Movement for Social Equality 10,202 0.7 0 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood 9,949 0.6 0 -2
Blue White Panthers 5,945 0.4 0 New
Brotherhood Movement 4,433 0.3 0 New
Israeli Arab List 3,269 0.2 0 New
Yemenite List 3,195 0.2 0 New
Socialist Revolution List 1,201 0.1 0 New
Popular Movement 1,101 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 34,243 - - -
Total 1,601,098 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

1 Aryeh Eliav left the Alignment and merged with Ratz to form Ya'ad - Civil Rights Movement. The new party later broke up when Eliav and Marcia Freedman left to set up the Independent Socialist Faction, whilst Shulamit Aloni and Boaz Moav returned to Ratz.

2 Hillel Seidel defected from the Independent Liberals to Likud.

3 The Religious Torah Front broke up into Agudat Yisrael (three seats) and Poalei Agudat Yisrael (two seats).

4 Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers merged into the Alignment (with which they were already associated) before breaking away to form the United Arab List).

5 Mordechai Ben-Porat broke away from the Alignment and remained a single MK.

6 Mapam broke away from the Alignment but rejoined it soon after.

The Eighth Knesset[edit]

Golda Meir of the Alignment formed the sixteenth government on 10 March 1974, including the National Religious Party and the Independent Liberals in her coalition, with 22 ministers. Meir resigned on 11 April 1974 after the Agranat Commission had published its interim report on the Yom Kippur War.

The Alignment's Yitzhak Rabin formed the seventeenth government on 3 June 1974, including Ratz, the Independent Liberals, Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers. The new government had 19 ministers. The National Religious Party joined the coalition on 30 October and Ratz left on the 6 November, by which time there were 21 ministers.

The government resigned on 22 December 1976, after ministers of the National Religious Party were sacked because the party had abstained from voting on a motion of no confidence, which had been brought by Agudat Yisrael over a breach of the Sabbath on an Israeli Air Force base.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p125 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links[edit]