Israeli legislative election, 1992

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Elections for the 13th Knesset
Israel
← 1988 23 June 1992 1996 →
Party Leader % Seats +/−
Labor Party Yitzhak Rabin 34.7% 44 +5
Likud Yitzhak Shamir 24.9% 32 -8
Meretz Shulamit Aloni 9.6% 12 +2
Tzomet Rafael Eitan 6.4% 8 +6
National Religious Party Zvulun Hammer 5.0% 6 +1
Shas Aryeh Deri 4.9% 6 0
United Torah Judaism Avraham Yosef Shapira 3.3% 4 -3
Hadash Tawfiq Ziad 2.4% 3 -1
Moledet Rehavam Ze'evi 2.4% 3 +1
Arab Democratic Party Abdulwahab Darawshe 1.6% 2 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Yitzhak Shamir
Likud
Yitzhak Rabin
Labor Party

Elections for the 13th Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzchak Rabin, helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold.[1] Voter turnout was 77.4%.[2]

Results[edit]

The Labor Party chairman Yitzhak Rabin. After winning the 1992 elections, Rabin managed to form the first Labor-led government in 15 years, supported by a coalition with Meretz, a left-wing party, and Shas, a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party.
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Labor Party 1 906,810 34.7 44 +5
Likud 2 651,229 24.9 32 −8
Meretz 250,667 9.6 12 +2
Tzomet 3 166,366 6.4 8 +6
National Religious Party 129,663 5.0 6 +1
Shas 4 129,347 4.9 6 0
United Torah Judaism 5 86,167 3.3 4 −3
Hadash 62,545 2.4 3 −1
Moledet 6 62,269 2.4 3 −1
Arab Democratic Party 40,788 1.6 2 +1
Tehiya 31,957 1.2 0 −3
Progressive List for Peace 24,181 0.9 0 −1
New Liberal Party 16,669 0.6 0 New
Geulat Yisrael 12,851 0.5 0 New
Da 11,697 0.4 0 New
Yad BeYad 8,327 0.3 0 New
Movement for Mortgage Affected, Homeless and Demobilised Soldiers 5,962 0.2 0 0
Pikanti 3,750 0.1 0 New
Torah VeAretz 3,708 0.1 0 New
On Wheels 3,355 0.1 0 New
Women's Party 2,886 0.1 0 New
Hatikva 2,053 0.1 0 New
Natural Law Party 1,734 0.1 0 New
Tali 1,336 0.1 0 New
Tzipor 523 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 21,102
Total 2,637,943 100 120 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,409,015 77.4
Source: Nohlen et al.

1 Two MKs left the Labor Party to establish the Third Way, whilst Nava Arad also left the party.

2 Two MKs left Likud to establish Gesher, whilst Efraim Gur also left the party.

3 Three MKs left Tzomet to establish Yiud. One MK then left Yiud to establish Atid.

4 Yosef Azran left Shas.

5 United Torah Judaism split into Agudat Yisrael (two seats) and Degel HaTorah (two seats).

6 One MK left Moldet to establish Yamin Yisrael, whilst Yosef Ba-Gad also left the party.

Thirteenth Knesset[edit]

Labour's Yitzhak Rabin formed the twenty-fifth government on 13 July 1992, including Meretz and Shas in his coalition, which had 17 ministers. Hadash and the Arab Democratic Party also supported the government despite not being coalition members. Shas left the coalition in September 1993, and Yiud joined in January 1995.

Rabin's government advanced the peace process to unprecedented levels; the Oslo Accords were signed with Yasser Arafat's PLO in 1993 and the Israel–Jordan peace treaty in 1994. The government's willingness to make peace with Syria and concede the Golan Heights led to Avigdor Kahalani and Emanuel Zisman leaving the party to form the Third Way.

After Rabin's assassination on 4 November 1995, Shimon Peres took over as Prime Minister and formed a new government on 22 November 1995. His coalition was the same as before; Labor, Meretz and Yiud. Peres called early elections in 1996 in order to seek a mandate to continue the peace process,[3] in which he lost.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 1992 Knesset Elections Revisited" Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook, Volume I, p. 128 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  3. ^ "Memory of Rabin likely to influence Israeli elections" CNN, 5 February 1996

External links[edit]