Israeli legislative election, 1992

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‹ 1988 Flag of Israel.svg 1996 ›
Elections for the 13th Knesset
23 June 1992

Party Chairman Votes  % Seats +/–
Labor Party Yitzhak Rabin 906,810 34.7% 44 Green Arrow Up.svg +5
Likud Yitzhak Shamir 651,229 24.9% 32 Red Arrow Down.svg -8
Meretz Shulamit Aloni 250,667 9.6% 12  
Tzomet Rafael Eitan 166,366 6.4% 8 Green Arrow Up.svg +6
National Religious Party Zvulun Hammer 129,663 5.0% 6 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Shas Aryeh Deri 129,347 4.9% 6 Gray Rectangle Tiny.svg 0
United Torah Judaism Avraham Yosef Shapira 86,167 3.3% 4  
Hadash Tawfiq Ziad 62,545 2.4% 3 Red Arrow Down.svg -1
Moledet Rehavam Ze'evi 62,269 2.4% 3 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Arab Democratic Party Abdulwahab Darawshe 40,788 1.6% 2 Green Arrow Up.svg +1
Note - The above list contains only the parties which passed the threshold.

See complete expanded list in the full table below.


Prime Minister before election

Yitzhak Shamir
Likud

Subsequent Prime Minister

Yitzhak Rabin
Labor Party

Elections for the 13th Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The result was a victory for the left, led by Yitzhak Rabin's Labor Party, though their win was at least partially due to several small right-wing parties narrowly failing to cross the electoral threshold and thus effectively wasting votes for the right.[1] Voter turnout was 77.4%.[2]

Results[edit]

The Labor Party chairman Yitzhak Rabin. After winning the 1992 elections, Rabin managed to form the first Labor-led government in 15 years, supported by a coalition with Meretz, a left wing party, and Shas, a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party.
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Labor Party 1 906,810 34.7 44 +5
Likud 2 651,229 24.9 32 −8
Meretz 250,667 9.6 12 +2
Tzomet 3 166,366 6.4 8 +6
National Religious Party 129,663 5.0 6 +1
Shas 4 129,347 4.9 6 0
United Torah Judaism 5 86,167 3.3 4 −3
Hadash 62,545 2.4 3 −1
Moledet 6 62,269 2.4 3 −1
Arab Democratic Party 40,788 1.6 2 +1
Tehiya 31,957 1.2 0 −3
Progressive List for Peace 24,181 0.9 0 −1
New Liberal Party 16,669 0.6 0 New
Geulat Yisrael 12,851 0.5 0 New
Da 11,697 0.4 0 New
Yad BeYad 8,327 0.3 0 New
Movement for Mortgage Affected, Homeless and Demobilised Soldiers 5,962 0.2 0 0
Pikanti 3,750 0.1 0 New
Torah VeAretz 3,708 0.1 0 New
On Wheels 3,355 0.1 0 New
Women's Party 2,886 0.1 0 New
Hatikva 2,053 0.1 0 New
Natural Law Party 1,734 0.1 0 New
Tali 1,336 0.1 0 New
Tzipor 523 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 21,102 - - -
Total 2,637,943 100 120 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,409,015 77.4
Source: Nohlen et al.

1 Two MKs left the Labor Party to establish the Third Way, whilst Nava Arad also left the party.

2 Two MKs left Likud to establish Gesher, whilst Efraim Gur also left the party.

3 Three MKs left Tzomet to establish Yiud. One MK then left Yiud to establish Atid.

4 Yosef Azran left Shas.

5 United Torah Judaism split into Agudat Yisrael (two seats) and Degel HaTorah (two seats).

6 One MK left Moldet to establish Yamin Yisrael, whilst Yosef Ba-Gad also left the party.

Thirteenth Knesset[edit]

Labour's Yitzhak Rabin formed the twenty-fifth government on 13 July 1992, including Meretz and Shas in his coalition, which had 17 ministers. Hadash and the Arab Democratic Party also supported the government despite not being coalition members. Shas left the coalition in September 1993, and Yiud joined in January 1995.

Rabin's government advanced the peace process to unprecedented levels; the Oslo Accords were signed with Yasser Arafat's PLO in 1993 and the Israel–Jordan peace treaty in 1994. The government's willingness to make peace with Syria and concede the Golan Heights led to Avigdor Kahalani and Emanuel Zisman leaving the party to form the Third Way.

After Rabin's assassination on 4 November 1995, Shimon Peres took over as Prime Minister and formed a new government on 22 November 1995. His coalition was the same as before; Labor, Meretz and Yiud. Peres called early elections in 1996 in order to seek a mandate to continue the peace process,[3] in which he lost.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "We're not Kach, but we love Kahane", Haaretz, 2003
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook, Volume I, p. 128 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  3. ^ "Memory of Rabin likely to influence Israeli elections" CNN, 5 February 1996

External links[edit]