Isaac Herzog

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This article is about head of the Israeli Labor party. For his grandfather, the first Chief Rabbi of Ireland and later of Israel, see Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog.
Isaac Herzog
Isaac Herzog (12675983573).jpg
Herzog in January 2014
Date of birth (1960-09-22) 22 September 1960 (age 54)
Place of birth Tel Aviv, Israel
Knessets 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Faction represented in Knesset
2003–2015 Labor Party
2015– Zionist Union
Ministerial roles
2005 Minister of Housing & Construction
2006–2007 Minister of Tourism
2007–2009 Minister of the Diaspora, Society and the Fight against Antisemitism
2007–2011 Minister of Welfare and Social Services
Other roles
2013–present Leader of the Opposition

Yitzhak "Bougie" Herzog[1] (Hebrew: יצחק "בוז׳י" הרצוג‎; born 22 September 1960), known in English as Isaac Herzog,[1] is an Israeli politician and lawyer.

Since 2003, Herzog has been a member of the Knesset and has held various ministerial posts, including Minister of Welfare and Social Services (2007–11). He is chairman of the Labor Party and has been the opposition leader in the outgoing 19th Knesset. He contested the 2015 legislative election as head of the Zionist Union joint electoral list of Labour and Hatnuah.

Family background[edit]

Herzog is the son of General Chaim Herzog, who served two terms as the Sixth President of Israel from 1983 to 1993, and Aura Ambache, founder of the Council for a Beautiful Israel.[2][3] His paternal grandfather, Rabbi Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, was the first Chief Rabbi of Ireland[3] from 1922 to 1935[2] and Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1936 to 1959.

Herzog's father was born in Ireland and his mother was born in Egypt; their families were of Eastern European Jewish descent (from Poland, Russia, and Lithuania). He has two brothers and a sister.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Herzog was born in Tel Aviv. When his father served as Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations for three years, Herzog lived in New York and attended the Ramaz School.[4] In the following years, while also studying in high school, Herzog gained an advanced academic education at Cornell University and New York University.

When he returned to Israel at the end of 1978, he enlisted in the IDF and served as a major officer in Unit 8200 of the Intelligence Corps.

Herzog studied law at Tel Aviv University. He worked at a law firm founded by his father, Herzog, Fox & Ne'eman.[5]

Herzog is married to Michal and has three children. He resides in his childhood home in the Tzahala neighborhood of Tel Aviv.[6]

Political career[edit]

Although he did not win a seat in the 1999 elections, Herzog served as government secretary in Ehud Barak's cabinet until 2001 when Barak was defeated by Ariel Sharon in a special election for Prime Minister.[5] In 1999, he was also investigated in the 'Amutot Barak' scandal (a scandal involving allegations that the party funding law was violated), but maintained his silence, similar to the American "pleading the 5th".[5] The Attorney General, therefore, decided to close the case against him due to lack of evidence. From 2000 until 2003, he served as chairman of the Israel Anti-Drug Authority.

Herzog won a seat in the 2003 election as a member of the Labor Party, and was appointed Minister of Housing and Building at his request when Labor joined Ariel Sharon's coalition government on 10 January 2005. However, on 23 November 2005, he resigned from his cabinet post along with the rest of the party.

Herzog in a meeting with Secretary of State John Kerry, January 2014

Prior to the 2006 elections, Herzog won second place on Labor's list in the party's primaries. He was initially appointed Minister of Tourism in Ehud Olmert's Kadima-led coalition, but was reassigned to the Social Affairs ministry in March 2007 after Yisrael Beiteinu was awarded the Tourism Ministry following their late entry to the governing coalition, and was also appointed Minister of the Diaspora, Society and the Fight Against Antisemitism. He was again second on the party's list for the 2009 elections. Following the election, he was appointed Minister of Welfare & Social Services and Minister of the Diaspora, Society, and the Fight Against Antisemitism. However, he resigned from the cabinet after Ehud Barak left the Labor Party to establish Independence in January 2011.[7]

Herzog is chairman and whip of the Israeli-Australian Parliamentary Association. He is also one of the few Knesset members who still serves in the military reserve (with the rank of Major).

In 2011 Herzog was an unsuccessful candidate for the Labor Party leadership. He finished third in the primaries that year, after Shelly Yachimovich and Amir Peretz.[8]

Opposition leader[edit]

On 22 November 2013 Herzog was elected leader of the Labor Party, defeating incumbent Shelly Yachimovich by 58.5% to 41.5%.[9] In doing so, he became Leader of the Opposition. Whereas Yachimovich focused first on socioeconomic issues, Herzog prioritizes security and resolution of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[4]

Ten days after the election, Herzog met with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to pledge his support for the two-state solution.[10]

Herzog has reportedly reached out to Shas leader Aryeh Deri to increase cooperation between the two opposition factions.[11]

Isaac Herzog speaking at the Munich Security Conference 2015

In June 2014, Herzog criticized PM Benjamin Netanyahu for failing to engage the international community, failing to present a proposal for peace with Palestinians, and failure to work effectively with the President of the United States, Barack Obama. Herzog declared that Netanyahu's "loathing and hostility for Barack Obama” was one of his greatest failures, since it put Israel's security at risk.[12]

With the governing coalition dissolving and new elections expected in March 2015, Herzog called on Hatnua and Kadima parties to join his Labor Party in forming a new coalition. In an interview with YNET, he stated, "I am capable of replacing Netanyahu. I will do everything in order to establish a bloc before the elections."[13] Shortly thereafter, Herzog and Tzipi Livni, who was justice minister and is head of a centrist faction, announced they would campaign on a joint slate in the upcoming election in an effort to keep Netanyahu, leader of the Likud Party, from securing a fourth term as prime minister.[14] The joint list was named Zionist Union, winning 24 seats to Likud's 30 in the 2015 election, making it the largest Opposition faction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Who is Isaac 'Bougie' Herzog, Israel's newly elected Labor Party chairman?". Haaretz. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Druckman, Yaron (17 March 2015). "The Herzogs: Three generations of Israeli leadership". Ynetnews. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c Ferber, Alona (9 March 2015). "The Herzog family tree: Israel's answer to the Kennedys". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Ruth Margalit (30 January 2014). "Israeli Labor's New Leader Looking to Obama and de Blasio As Models". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Asher Schechter (1 December 2013). "The Bougieman: Much hope rests on small shoulders of Isaac Herzog". Haaretz. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Sarid, Yossi (22 August 2008). "Is this security?". Haaretz. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Somfalvi, Attila (17 January 2011). "Labor ministers quit gov't after split". Ynetnews. 
  8. ^ Lis, Jonathan (13 September 2011). "Labor primaries yield inconclusive results; Yachimovich and Peretz neck and neck". Haaretz. 
  9. ^ Azulay, Moran (22 November 2013). "Drama in Labor party: Herzog beats Yachimovich for chairmanship". Ynetnews. 
  10. ^ Laub, Karin (1 December 2013). "Israel's new opposition leader, Isaac Herzog, meets Palestine president, pledges support for peace deal". CTV News. Associated Press. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Yaakov, Yifa (2 December 2013). "Shas and Labor forge unlikely alliance". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Netanyahu 'loathes' Obama, Israel's opposition leader charges". The Times of Israel. 6 June 2014. 
  13. ^ Winer, Stuart (2 December 2014). "Opposition leader calls for center-left bloc to defeat PM". The Times of Israel. 
  14. ^ Kershner, Isabel (10 December 2014). "Alliance Adds Twist to Israeli Elections". The New York Times. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Shelly Yachimovich
Leader of the Labor Party
2013–present
Incumbent
New office Leader of the Zionist Union
2014–present
Political offices
Preceded by
Shelly Yachimovich
Leader of the Opposition
2013–present
Incumbent