Issaquah, Washington

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For the ferry, see MV Issaquah.
Issaquah, Washington
City
Sunset Way, downtown Issaquah
Sunset Way, downtown Issaquah
Location of Issaquah, Washington
Location of Issaquah, Washington
Coordinates: 47°32′8″N 122°2′36″W / 47.53556°N 122.04333°W / 47.53556; -122.04333Coordinates: 47°32′8″N 122°2′36″W / 47.53556°N 122.04333°W / 47.53556; -122.04333
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Fred Butler
Area[2]
 • Total 11.40 sq mi (29.53 km2)
 • Land 11.38 sq mi (29.47 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 30,434
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 33,566
 • Density 2,674.3/sq mi (1,032.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 98027, 98029, 98075
Area code(s) 425
FIPS code 53-33805
GNIS feature ID 1512327[5]
Website issaquahwa.gov

Issaquah (/ˈɪsəkwɑː/ US dict: ĭs′·ə·kwâ) is a city in King County, Washington, United States. The population was 30,434 at the 2010 census.

According to the Washington State Office of Financial Management, Issaquah ranked 6th of 279 eligible incorporated communities in population growth between 2000 and 2005.[6] Forbes.com ranked Issaquah the 2nd fastest-growing suburb in the state, and the 89th in the nation.[7]

History[edit]

Coal miners' homes in Issaquah, 1913.

"Issaquah" is an anglicized word for a local Native American name, meaning either "the sound of birds," "snake," or "little stream." "Squak Valley," an older name for the area, also derives from this same Native-American name.[8][9]

In 1885, the then unincorporated area was the scene of an attack on Chinese laborers who had come to pick hops from local fields. The city itself was officially incorporated on April 29, 1892. Initially a small mining town, this town has changed noticeably both in its appearance and economic focus. Issaquah was originally developed to service the mining industry on nearby Squak and Cougar mountain, and began as the town of Gilman, Washington. As the mining deposits neared depletion in the late 1890s, other companies started to realize Issaquah's potential to support a lucrative lumber business. These companies exported timber from Issaquah and other small, local towns to Seattle and larger, rapidly growing communities throughout western Washington. These early boom industries, however, faded into a period of relative quiet by the time of the Great Depression. The town remained fairly placid through the succeeding decades, with The Boeing Company providing the majority of employment in the area. Microsoft and other technological industries moved into Redmond, Washington and other cities in the area, and later established operations in Issaquah itself. Both Boeing and Microsoft have significantly affected Issaquah's history, cultural development, and diverse population through their active community participation and attraction of outside residents. In June 1996, Costco moved its global headquarters to Issaquah from nearby Kirkland, Washington.

Other Issaquah employers include Siemens Medical Solutions' Ultrasound Group, GoldSim Technology Group, Overtime Technologies, Boehm's Candies, and Darigold.

Geography[edit]

Issaquah is located at 47°32′8″N 122°2′36″W / 47.53556°N 122.04333°W / 47.53556; -122.04333 (47.535573, −122.043298),[10] at the south end of Lake Sammamish. Neighboring cities include Bellevue, and Redmond, both a short 8 miles (13 km) away, and downtown Seattle 17 miles (27 km) to the West. Issaquah resides within the Mountains to Sound Greenway.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.40 square miles (29.53 km2), of which, 11.38 square miles (29.47 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[2]

Issaquah is surrounded on three sides by the Issaquah Alps: Cougar Mountain on the west, Squak Mountain to the south, and Tiger Mountain to the east. To the north of Issaquah is Lake Sammamish. Cougar and Squak Mountains are home to sizable neighborhoods, though the bulk of all three mountains are preserved in public ownership as Squak Mountain State Park,[11] Cougar Mountain Regional Wildland Park,[12] West Tiger Mountain NRCA,[13] and Tiger Mountain State Forest.[14] Geologists have noted the chemical and geological content of these three mountains to be much different than that of the Cascade Range, simply because they are not volcanic in origin, while the entire Cascade Range is postulated to have formed from volcanic action. They believe that these three mountains are the remains of a much older mountain range long since eroded by earthquakes, volcanic action, and shifting plates.

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Issaquah, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
(16)
67
(19)
76
(24)
86
(30)
96
(36)
95
(35)
98
(37)
98
(37)
101
(38)
89
(32)
73
(23)
60
(16)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
44
(7)
48
(9)
54
(12)
60
(16)
65
(18)
72
(22)
73
(23)
67
(19)
57
(14)
46
(8)
40
(4)
55.5
(13)
Average low °F (°C) 30
(−1)
32
(0)
33
(1)
36
(2)
41
(5)
46
(8)
50
(10)
50
(10)
46
(8)
40
(4)
35
(2)
31
(−1)
39.2
(4)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
0
(−18)
8
(−13)
24
(−4)
28
(−2)
32
(0)
37
(3)
35
(2)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
2
(−17)
−3
(−19)
−11
(−24)
Precipitation inches (mm) 7.44
(189)
6.09
(154.7)
5.59
(142)
4.49
(114)
3.63
(92.2)
3.11
(79)
1.69
(42.9)
1.58
(40.1)
2.70
(68.6)
4.70
(119.4)
8.47
(215.1)
7.63
(193.8)
57.12
(1,450.8)
Source: Weather.com[15]

Surrounding Cities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 700
1910 628 −10.3%
1920 791 26.0%
1930 763 −3.5%
1940 812 6.4%
1950 955 17.6%
1960 1,870 95.8%
1970 4,313 130.6%
1980 5,536 28.4%
1990 7,786 40.6%
2000 11,212 44.0%
2010 30,434 171.4%
Est. 2013 33,566 10.3%
Source:[16]
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
2013 Estimate[18]

The median income for a household in the city was $57,892, and the median income for a family was $77,274 (these figures had risen to $75,280 and $87,001 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $55,049 versus $36,670 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,222. About 3.4% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 30,434 people, 12,841 households, and 8,018 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,674.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,032.6 /km2). There were 13,914 housing units at an average density of 1,222.7 per square mile (472.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 1.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 17.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.

There were 12,841 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 35.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 11,212 people, 4,840 households, and 2,908 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,330.9 people per square mile (514.1/km2). There were 5,195 housing units at an average density of 616.7 per square mile (238.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.95% White, 0.88% African American, 0.63% Native American, 6.04% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.46% from other races, and 2.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 4.95% of the population.

There were 4,840 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

Transportation[edit]

Highways and roads[edit]

Issaquah is bisected by Interstate 90, which runs from Seattle to Boston, and Washington State Route 900, which connects the city to neighboring Renton. There is a chronic traffic congestion problem on Front Street, which traverses the historic downtown. Proposals had been made to create a bypass, but opponents argued that this will only result in more sprawl in the area beyond downtown and thus bring in more traffic and pollution. In fact, the Issaquah City Council voted in 2008 to cancel the 15-year-running SE Bypass project. In addition, King County has no funding in its seven year capital plan to improve the Issaquah Hobart road, the southern terminus of the proposed bypass.

Public transport[edit]

Bus[edit]

There is limited bus service by Sound Transit and King County Metro, but in general it is not easy to get around by public transportation in the area. Since August 1995, the city, in partnership with King County Metro, provides a free bus that runs through all the major shopping areas of the town giving some relief to residents and those who wish to shop or eat at the many retailers and restaurants.

Rail[edit]

Issaquah Valley Trolley car. This is an ex-Milan, Italy, interurban car and is not the trolley being used for service.

The Issaquah Valley Trolley is a project of the Issaquah Historical Society with the aim of starting a regular heritage trolley service on the remaining section of railroad track in downtown Issaquah. A trial operation took place in 2001–02, giving public rides in a trolley car borrowed from Yakima Valley Trolleys. By 2010, the Issaquah Historical Society had acquired three trolleys of its own, but the planned service had not yet begun operation, as two of the cars were narrow gauge, making them incompatible with the standard gauge rails left in Issaquah, and all three were not in operating condition. A federal transportation grant was obtained, providing funds for track evaluation and repairs, and in 2012 one of the two narrow gauge cars was sent to the Gomaco Trolley Company to be refurbished and regauged to standard gauge.[19] The overhauled trolley car, ex-Lisbon 519, returned to Issaquah in August 2012, and regular public rides began in October 2012.[20] Operation is expected to be seasonal and on weekends only.

Some proponents of the Trolley Project hope to see trolley service extended to a northern re-extension of removed track to the southern tip of Lake Sammamish. Such service would add to the charm of the historical downtown area and make it easier for visitors and residents to get around and avoid the area's notorious traffic congestion. A onetime goal had been to extend trolley service all the way to downtown Redmond by reinstalling the track along the eastern shore of Lake Sammamish that the county removed several years ago. The opening of the East Lake Sammamish Trail in March 2006 along that proposed line ended the possibility of Issaquah-Redmond service.

Local attractions[edit]

Village Theatre, Issaquah

The neighboring highlands are called the Issaquah Alps and feature hiking trails and outdoor activity throughout the three mountains surrounding Issaquah: Tiger Mountain, Cougar Mountain, and Squak Mountain. There are also many cultural and historical activities to be found in the town of Issaquah itself.

Village Theatre[edit]

The Village Theatre has presented live stage plays on its main stage in downtown Issaquah since 1979.[21] It is an Equity theater.[22]

Salmon Days Festival[edit]

Salmon Days is a two-day award-winning festival held in Issaquah on the first full weekend of October each year. It is initiated by a parade, celebrating the return of the salmon to their birth-waters, and praises Issaquah's history, culture, and ethnic diversity. This free festival encompasses several arts and crafts conventions, attracting many Northwest artists; these artisans feature wood, glass, jewelry, paintings, pottery and metal artworks for sale in booths spread all across the downtown area. There are four stages of entertainment. Sporting events include 5 km/10 km runs (and a 3 km run for kids), a fencing invitational, bike rides, and a golf tournament. A "Field of Fun," providing free entertainment for children of all ages, is available thanks to the many festival sponsors. Visitors are encouraged to visit the newly restored Salmon Hatchery to view the returning salmon in close detail. The 2005 register revealed over 400,000 people attended the event.

Cougar Mountain Zoo[edit]

View of Lake Sammamish from the zoo

The Cougar Mountain Zoo is located on the north slope of Cougar Mountain, just to the west of Issaquah. This 8-acre (32,000 m2) zoo offers a glimpse at many endangered species from around the world, including many endangered birds from around the world and small lemurs from Madagascar. The highlight of the zoo for many observers is the cougar, named Nashi. Nashi is provided enrichment on a near-daily basis, which consists of a stimulant to keep him active mentally and physically. The zoo currently specializes in eight "worlds" of animals: cougars, lemurs, cranes, reindeer, macaws, wallabies, ratites, camelids. On June 16, 2007, another world was added to the list, when the zoo welcomed its newest members, two male tiger cubs. Named Taj and Almos, they are the only Bengal tigers in Washington state. The Zoo is open for general admission Wednesday through Sunday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (excluding the month of December). Each December the Zoo also offers a special Reindeer Festival, during which people may come view, and feed Santa's Reindeer, and visit the "big guy" in person.

Issaquah Salmon Hatchery[edit]

The Issaquah Salmon Hatchery was built in 1936 under the federal Works Project Administration. It is located on the Issaquah Creek within the city limits of Issaquah. The hatchery is owned and operated by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife. It annually raises about 4 million Chinook (King) and Coho (Silver) salmon which then migrate from the Issaquah Creek to Puget sound and on to the North Pacific. Friends of the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery (FISH) is a non-profit organization that trains volunteer guides who lead free educational tours of the hatchery and advocates retaining and improving the historic hatchery. Local elementary schools often raise small numbers of salmon eggs that are spawned in the hatchery and release them into the creeks as part of their science curriculum on the salmon life cycle. The Issaquah Salmon Hatchery is located in the cultural and geographical heart of Issaquah and is the Department of Fish and Wildlife's most visited hatchery, with an estimated 350,000 visitors a year.[23]

Gilman Village[edit]

Issaquah, Washington XXX Root Beer restaurant, one of two remaining

Gilman Village is a specialty shopping center created from rescued buildings dating back to the origins of the Issaquah community. Gilman Village was founded in 1972, when developers Marvin and Ruth Mohl started saving old, unwanted farming and mining buildings, as well as pioneer homes, from around Issaquah. They moved, renovated and combined them into an attractive retail area in a park-like setting. Their goal was to create a haven for independent shops and restaurants. In saving the buildings, the intent was to honor the character and ambiance of the old community rather than to create a museum. Still, the buildings that house the shops and restaurants of Gilman Village represent a significant portion of Issaquah's history.

The 40-plus shops and restaurants that make up Gilman Village became one of Puget Sound's best known and most distinctive shopping destinations. In its initial decades, Gilman Village was a destination while Issaquah was still a somewhat rural area. Over time, Gilman Village began to compete with other local shopping centers for tenants serving the Issaquah population.[24]

Designers of Gilman Village have included the Baylis Architects, Richard Haag Associates and landscape architect Stephen G. Ray. Their combined efforts have won official recognition by the King County Board of Realtors in 1976 and the Issaquah Design Commission in 1977 for quality of design and landscaping. In 1985, The Bellevue Chamber of Commerce presented the Eastside Quality of Life Award to Gilman Village for "the pleasures it gives through its rich discoveries of space and forms."

Flight[edit]

Issaquah is home to a premiere site where people fly paragliders and hang gliders from the heights of Tiger Mountain.[25] Many people fly year-round (weather permitting) and have flown cross-country flights exceeding 90 miles (140 km). [2][3][4] Also, there used to be a parachuting center and airplane landing strip in Issaquah on the site where the Costco, cinema, and other businesses are today. A helicopter in the Boeing Air Museum used to be where the T-Mobile store is now located.

Triple XXX[edit]

Issaquah is now home to one of the remaining two Triple XXX restaurants that still exist. The restaurant is mentioned in the song 'All Night Diner' by indie rock group Modest Mouse.[26] Triple XXX serves root beer, burgers, chicken, and seafood.

Healthcare[edit]

Swedish Medical Center opened a full service hospital and healthcare facility in the Issaquah Highlands with a capacity of 175 inpatient beds and a 24 hour emergency room.[27]

Notable natives/residents[edit]

Jay Buhner

Issaquah School District[edit]

Issaquah public schools are under the jurisdiction of the Issaquah School District 411. Including schools outside of Issaquah, the Issaquah School District is home to 23 different schools.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Issaquah - City Council Homepage". Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Official April 1, 2007 Population Estimates". State of Washington Office of Financial Management. 2007-06-27. Retrieved August 7, 2007. 
  7. ^ Woolsey, Matt (2007-07-16). "America's Fastest-Growing Suburbs". Forbes.com. p. 2. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2007. 
  8. ^ "A Diverse And Colorful History". Issaquah Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved June 24, 2007. 
  9. ^ Stein, Alan J. (2003-06-16). "Gilman (later Issaquah) incorporates on April 29, 1892.". HistoryLink. Retrieved June 21, 2011. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Squak Mountain". Washington State Parks. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  12. ^ "COUGAR MOUNTAIN REGIONAL WILDLAND PARK". King County Parks. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  13. ^ "West Tiger Mountain NRCA". WA DNR. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Tiger Mountain State Forest". WA State Parks. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Monthly Averages for Issaquah, WA". The Weather Channel. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 
  16. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 323.
  17. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  19. ^ Kagarise, Warren (August 28, 2012). "Trolley returns, and supporters prepare for rides to start in October". Issaquah Press. Retrieved January 28, 2013. 
  20. ^ Issaquah Press Staff (October 16, 2012). "All aboard, Issaquah, as downtown trolley starts service". Issaquah Press. Retrieved January 28, 2013. 
  21. ^ Production History, Village Theatre. Accessed online 2014-03-08.
  22. ^ Theatres: Equity Theatre, The Actors Handbook, A Directory for Stage, Film and Commercial Actors in Seattle. Accessed online 2014-03-08.
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ "It’s Time to Give Gilman Village Another Look". Blue Jacket. April 1, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Tiger Mountain site guide.". Northwest Paragliding Club. Retrieved September 9, 2008. 
  26. ^ "History". Triple XXX Root Beer Drive-In. Retrieved June 21, 2011. 
  27. ^ Swedish Medical Center Seattle - Issaquah Campus. Swedish.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g Pfarr, Tim (July 6, 2010). "Is that a famous person? Quick, get the camera!". Issaquah Press (The Seattle Times Company). Retrieved June 21, 2011. 
  29. ^ Reeves, Mosi (February 12, 2004). "Perfect Disguise Modest Mouse Leader Isaac Brock Waxes on the Moon and Speedo". New Times Broward-Palm Beach (The Village Voice). Associated Press. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Jay Buhner Announces Retirement". Ellensburg Daily Record (Pioneers Newspapers Inc.). December 18, 2001. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Baseball's Colin Curtis Named to 2006 Wallace Award Watch List". CBS College Sports Network (CBS Corporation). November 21, 200. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Chilling Out". People (Time Inc.) 56 (26). December 24, 2001. ISSN 0093-7673. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  33. ^ Johns, Greg (June 21, 2007). "Buhner Relishes Old Pal Griffey's Return". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Hearst Corporation). Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  34. ^ Taylor, Bob (July 6, 2007). "Liberty Grad Tim Lincecum Makes Major League Debut". Newcastle News (The Seattle Times Company). p. 26. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  35. ^ Savelle, Jon (February 14, 2007). "Phil Lucas, 'the biggest heart,' Dies". Issaquah Press (The Seattle Times Company). Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Is that a famous person? Quick, get the camera!". Issaquah Press (The Seattle Times Company). July 6, 2010. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Nelson Happy Anywhere but Minor Leagues". The Spokesman-Review (Spokane, WA: Cowles Publishing Company). Tacoma News Tribune. July 17, 1994. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  38. ^ "How's Vista? Analysts Say Fine; Users Annoyed". Park City Daily News (Bowling Green, KY). Associated Press. July 15, 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  39. ^ VloggerFair
  40. ^ Cyphers, Luke. "Joseph Jason Putz Has Slowly Become one of the best Closers in the MLB". ESPN The Magazine (ESPN Inc.). ISSN 1097-1998. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Rizzs' Renewal the Fan's Choice". Tacoma News Tribune (The McClatchy Company). November 8, 1997. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  42. ^ Watson, Kendall (March 23, 2010). "Will Sammamish's Dino Rossi Run For U.S. Senate?". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Herst Corporation). Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  43. ^ Carpenter, Les (April 11, 2000). "'One of a Kind' -- Mel Stottlemyre Didn't Even Bother old YVCC Coach With Cancer News". Yakima Herald-Republic (via NewsBank). pp. 1D–2. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  44. ^ "Moyer, Suzuki Have Their Houses Up For Sale". KIRO-TV (Cox Enterprises, Inc.). Associated Press. March 25, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  45. ^ "Notebook: Vizquel, Giants Agree to Terms". The Seattle Times. Associated Press, New York Daily News. November 15, 2004. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 

External links[edit]