Issoudun

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Issoudun
White tower
White tower
Coat of arms of Issoudun
Coat of arms
Issoudun is located in France
Issoudun
Issoudun
Coordinates: 46°57′39″N 1°59′40″E / 46.9608°N 1.9944°E / 46.9608; 1.9944Coordinates: 46°57′39″N 1°59′40″E / 46.9608°N 1.9944°E / 46.9608; 1.9944
Country France
Region Centre
Department Indre
Arrondissement Issoudun
Canton Issoudun-Sud and Issoudun-Nord
Intercommunality Pays d’Issoudun
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) André Laignel
Area
 • Land1 36.60 km2 (14.13 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 13,230
 • Population2 density 360/km2 (940/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 36088 / 36100
Elevation 122–161 m (400–528 ft)
(avg. 129 m or 423 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Issoudun is a commune in the Indre department in central France. It is also referred to as Issoundun, which is the ancient name.

Administration[edit]

Issoudun is a sub-prefecture of the Indre department.

History[edit]

In 1195, Richard I of England defended the city from the advances of Philip II of France. Around this time the remarkable beak-shaped keep of the castle was built.

In 1917, the U.S. Air Service established its largest European training center, the 3d Aviation Instruction Center, about nine miles northwest of the town. At the time of the Armistice, 11 November 1918, thirteen fields were in operation and well over 10,000 ground personnel, student pilots and instructors were located there. It was at that time the largest air base in the world. A single monument on Department Route 960 remains to mark Issoudun's part in the Great War.

The United States Air Service formally left Issoudun on June 28, 1919, almost eight months after the war ended. The sites of the former airfields have returned to their previous status as agricultural fields.

On 28 June 2009, the people of Issoudun had a commemoration ceremony in honor of the American aviators who had trained, and in many cases, died while training there.

In Literature Issoudun figures prominently in Balzac's novel A Bachelor's Establishment (aka The Black Sheep) which the Guardian has ranked as the 12th greatest novel of all time.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 13,491 —    
1800 10,265 −23.9%
1806 10,719 +4.4%
1821 11,077 +3.3%
1831 11,664 +5.3%
1836 11,654 −0.1%
1841 12,234 +5.0%
1846 12,852 +5.1%
1851 13,346 +3.8%
1856 13,320 −0.2%
1861 14,282 +7.2%
1866 14,261 −0.1%
1872 14,230 −0.2%
1876 13,703 −3.7%
1881 14,928 +8.9%
1886 15,231 +2.0%
1891 13,564 −10.9%
1896 14,116 +4.1%
1901 14,222 +0.8%
1906 13,949 −1.9%
1911 13,709 −1.7%
1921 11,893 −13.2%
1926 11,809 −0.7%
1931 11,684 −1.1%
1936 11,511 −1.5%
1946 12,645 +9.9%
1954 12,945 +2.4%
1962 13,900 +7.4%
1968 15,108 +8.7%
1975 15,956 +5.6%
1982 14,696 −7.9%
1990 13,859 −5.7%
1999 13,680 −1.3%
2009 13,230 −3.3%

Sights[edit]

The International broadcasting center of TDF (Télédiffusion de France) is at Issoudun/Ste Aoustrille. Issoudun is currently used by TDF for shortwave transmissions. The site uses 12 rotary ALLISS antennas fed by 12 transmitters of 500 kW each to transmit shortwave broadcasts by Radio France International (RFI), along with other broadcast services.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]