Istanbul Atatürk Airport

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Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
Tavlairportsogo.png
Ataturk Airport overview Karakas.jpg
IATA: ISTICAO: LTBA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner General Directorate of State Airports
Operator TAV Airports
Serves Istanbul, Turkey
Location Yeşilköy
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 163 ft / 50 m
Coordinates 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417Coordinates: 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417
Website www.ataturkairport.com
Map
IST is located in Istanbul
IST
IST
Location within Istanbul
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,000 9,843 Concrete
17R/35L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05/23 2,580 8,465 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Total passengers 51,320,875
International Passengers 34,096,770
Source: AIP Turkey[1]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: ISTICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, Turkey (followed by Sabiha Gökçen International Airport) and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers. Opened in 1924 and located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city, it is 24 km (15 mi) west[1] of the city centre. In 1980, the airport was renamed Atatürk International Airport in honor of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served over 51 million passengers in 2013, making it the 17th busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. It was Europe's 5th busiest airport in 2013, just below Amsterdam.[2][3]

The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.[4]

In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year.[5] Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.[6]

Access[edit]

There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.

  • Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Aksaray and Atatürk International Airport. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal. The Metro takes the passengers to Aksaray in 30–35 minutes.[7] The approximate cost is 0.75 euros one-way.
  • Airport Shuttle Service: The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square. Also, there is a fast ferry terminal in Bakırköy which connects the terminal to Bostancı and Kadıköy. Havaş buses run between the airport and the fast ferry terminal according to the departures and arrivals of the ferries.[8]
  • Municipality Bus: Municipality buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı. This is a slower but much cheaper alternative than Havataş.[9]
  • Car: The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).

Terminals[edit]

Entrance of the international terminal

Atatürk airport has four terminals:

  • Terminal 1, for domestic flights
  • Terminal 2, for international flights
  • Terminal 3, for cargo flights
  • General Aviation Terminal

Inaugurated in 2000, the new international terminal is an efficient and modern terminal. After the new terminal opened, domestic flights were moved to the old international terminal. Despite its 1960s design, this new domestic terminal can handle more passengers than the more modern but smaller previous domestic terminal.

The airport terminals have been operated by TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) since January 2000. TAV has invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15.5 years at a record breaking amount of $4 billion, which also represents the highest figure for such a privatization project in Turkey, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Commonwealth of Independent States and North Africa.

TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and 3 new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished. When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jet ways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it.

Runways[edit]

There is a plan to build another runway parallel to runway 05/23, so when the current runway undergoes reconstruction, this new runway will handle traffic. The land required to build the new runway on belongs to the military and this is being negotiated between the military and the airport. Also, there are plans to expand the length of runway 05/23 to allow larger aircraft.[10] Wind direction is mainly from northeast and sometimes from southwest.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Turkish Airlines is the largest carrier operating at Atatürk Airport.
A LOT Polish Airlines Boeing 737-500 taxiing at Istanbul-Atatürk Airport.
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-300 departing from Istanbul-Atatürk Airport.
An Airbus A310-300 registered 10+21,named Konrad Adenauer and used as governmental aircraft of Germany, departing from Istanbul-Atatürk airport (2010) [12]
An Azerbaijan Airlines Boeing 767-300ER taxiing at Atatürk Airport.
An Aeroflot Airbus A321-200 taxiing at Atatürk Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2
Aegean Airlines Athens 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Aeroflot
operated by Donavia
Rostov-on-Don, Sochi 2
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli 2
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Oran 2
Air Astana Almaty, Astana, Atyrau, Aktau 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 2
Air Bishkek Bishkek 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly
Seasonal: Marseille
2
Air Moldova Chişinău 2
Air Serbia Belgrade (resumes 1 August 2014) [13] 2
Air Transat Seasonal: Montreal-Trudeau 2
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 2
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 2
Ata Airlines Tabriz 2
Atlasjet Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Edremit, Gaziantep, Izmir, Kayseri 1
Atlasjet Erbil, Ercan, Jeddah, London-Luton, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sharjah, Simferopol, Sulaymaniyah, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tbilisi, Yerevan
Seasonal: Pristina
2
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Vienna 2
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2
Azmar Airlines Charter: Sulaymaniyah 2
Belavia Minsk-National 2
B&H Airlines Sarajevo 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Buraq Air Benghazi, Tripoli 2
Caspian Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi 2
Corendon Airlines Charter: Amsterdam, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK 2
Dniproavia Dnipropetrovsk 2
EgyptAir Cairo 2
Emirates Dubai 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nantes, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Seville, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zurich 2
Gulf Air Bahrain 2
Iberia Madrid 2
Iran Air Tabriz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil 2
I-Fly Charter: Moscow-Vnukovo 2
Jazeera Airways Kuwait 2
Jetairfly Brussels, Charleroi 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Libyan Airlines Bayda, Benghazi, Tripoli 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich 2
Mahan Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
Middle East Airlines Beirut 2
Onur Air Adana, Antalya, Alanya (Gazipaşa), Bodrum, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Izmir, Malatya, Samsun, Trabzon 1
Onur Air Dubai, Ercan, Kristiansand-Kjevik, Odessa, Urmia 2
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Bodrum, Izmir 1
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Rossiya Saint Petersburg 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 2
Saudia Damman,[14] Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh 2
SCAT Aktau, Karaganda, Shymkent 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Somon Air Dushanbe 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Tajik Air Dushanbe 2
TAROM Bucharest 2
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo[15] 2
Tunisair Monastir, Tunis 2
Turkish Airlines Adana, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Alanya (begins 25 July 2014),[16] Ankara, Antalya, Batman, Bingöl, Bodrum, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Iğdır, Izmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Kütahya, Malatya, Mardin, Merzifon, Muş, Nevşehir, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Sinop, Sivas, Trabzon, Van 1
Turkish Airlines Aalborg, Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Addis Ababa, Aden, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Algiers, Almaty, Al Qassim, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Aqaba, Ashgabat, Asmara (begins 19 August 2014),[17] Astana, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako (begins 1 December 2014),[18] Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batna (begins 31 July 2014),[19] Batumi, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Benghazi, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bologna, Bordeaux, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Casablanca, Catania, Chicago-O'Hare, Chişinău, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Conakry (begins 1 December 2014),[18] Constanța, Constantine, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dhaka, Djibouti, Dnipropetrovsk, Doha, Donetsk, Douala, Dubai, Dublin, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Erbil, Ercan, Frankfurt, Friedrichshafen, Ganja, Geneva, Genoa, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Guangzhou, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hurghada, Isfahan, Islamabad, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Kabul, Kano, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kazan, Kermanshah, Khartoum, Kiev-Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'Djili, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madinah, Madrid, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Mashhad, Marseille, Mazar-i-Sharif, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk, Misrata, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montreal-Trudeau, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mosul, Mumbai, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Muscat, Málaga, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, N'Djamena, New York-JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Novosibirsk, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran, Osaka-Kansai, Osh, Oslo-Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Rotterdam, Sabha (suspended), Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, San Francisco (begins 13 April 2015),[20] Sana'a, Santiago de Compostela, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Simferopol, Singapore, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Tabriz, Taif, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (suspended),[21] Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tlemcen (begins 31 July 2014),[19] Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tripoli, Tunis, Turin, Ufa, Ulaanbaatar, Valencia, Varna,[22] Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zurich 2
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi 2
Ukraine International Airlines Donetsk, Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa,[23] Simferopol 2
Uzbekistan Airlines Tashkent 2
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
DHL Aviation
operated by MNG Airlines
Leipzig/Halle
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo[24]
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
MNG Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, London-Luton, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tripoli-Mitiga, Munich
MyCargo Airlines Bahrain, Hong Kong, Lahore, New York-JFK, Singapore, Tallinn
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Silk Way Airlines Baku
TNT Airways Liège
Turkish Airlines Cargo Accra, Algiers, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Ashgabat, Astana, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beirut, Bishkek, Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Islamabad, Johannesburg, Karachi, Khartoum, Kiev-Boryspil, Kuwait, Lagos, Maastricht/Aachen, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk-National, Mumbai, Nairobi, Riyadh, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tripoli-Mitiga, Vienna, Zürich[25]
ULS Airlines Cargo Beijing-Capital, Hong Kong, Kiev-Boryspil, Manila, Manston, Shanghai-Pudong
UPS Airlines Algiers, Cologne/Bonn, Newark, Shenzhen
Uzbekistan Airways Cargo Tashkent

Traffic[edit]

Atatürk Airport still faces capacity issues; it ranks somewhere between 30th and 40th in the world by both cargo and passenger traffic, handling over 947,000 tonnes of load (cargo, freight and mail) and over 32.1 million passengers in the year 2010. The total number of passengers has doubled in the past five years, and domestic traffic has almost quadrupled (see statistics section below). Its rated capacity of 14 million international passengers per year and 10 million domestic passengers per year was barely sufficient for the demand in 2007 and 2008. The Istanbul greater metropolitan area is expected/projected to have a demand of 35 million international passengers and 25 million domestic passengers annually by the year 2015.[citation needed] However, introduction of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway in 2013[26] may shift rail passenger market share from 10% to 78%.[27] Completion of the construction of the intercity highways linking Istanbul to other cities (to Bursa, İzmir, Antalya and the Black Sea Speedway) may also decrease airport demand.[citation needed]

Atatürk shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of just 11.1 million in 2010. The two airports both provide domestic and international service to the Istanbul area.

A third big airport (Istanbul New Airport) is being planned in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has already been chosen[28][29][30][31] and the bidding for the TL10bn ($5.6bn) construction is to start in May 2013.[32] Atatürk International Airport will continue operations in a lower capacity when the third airport enters into service.[33]

IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 Million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 Million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled. If the current passenger growth maintains itself, IST is expected to become one of the 25 busiest airports in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and top 15 in terms of international traffic by the end of year 2012.[34][35]

Statistics[edit]

Below is the passenger data for Istanbul for the years 2002–2013:[36]

Passenger statistics at Atatürk Int. Airport[36]
Year
Domestic
passengers
Passenger
% change
International
passenger
Passenger
% change
Total
passenger
Passenger
% change
World rank
international
World rank
total
2014 (June) 9,079,315 Increase10 18,063,042 Increase11 27,142,357 Increase11
2013 17,224,105 Increase13 34,096,770 Increase14 51,320,875 Increase14 10th 18th
2012 15,281,321 Increase14 29,717,196 Increase24 44,998,508 Increase20 13th[37] 21th[38]
2011 13,604,352 Increase15 23,847,835 Increase17 37,452,187 Increase17 17th 28th
2010 11,800,999 Increase3 20,344,620 Increase11 32,145,619 Increase8 19th 37th
2009 11,393,645 Decrease1 18,363,739 Increase8 29,757,384 Increase4 Steady Steady
2008 11,484,063 Increase20 17,069,069 Increase26 28,553,132 Increase23 Steady Steady
2007 9,595,923 Increase6 13,600,306 Increase12 23,196,229 Increase9 Steady Steady
2006 9,091,693 Increase21 12,174,281 Increase3 21,265,974 Increase10 Steady Steady
2005 7,512,282 Increase39 11,781,487 Increase16 19,293,769 Increase24 Steady Steady
2004 5,430,925 Increase70 10,169,676 Increase14 15,600,601 Increase29 Steady Steady
2003 3,196,045 Increase12 8,908,268 Increase5 12,104,342 Increase7 Steady Steady
2002 2,851,487 Steady 8,506,204 Steady 11,357,691 Steady Steady Steady
Busiest international routes from Atatürk Int. Airport (2011)[39]
Rank City Airlines
1 Frankfurt-Main Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
2 Amsterdam Corendon Airlines, KLM, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
3 London-Heathrow British Airways, Turkish Airlines
4 Rome-Fiumicino Alitalia, Turkish Airlines
5 New York-JFK Delta Air Lines, Turkish Airlines
6 Dubai Emirates, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
7 Madrid-Barajas Iberia, Turkish Airlines
8 Paris-Charles de Gaulle Air France, Turkish Airlines
9 Munich Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
10 Seoul-Incheon Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Turkish Airlines
11 Vienna Austrian Airlines, Turkish Airlines
12 Milan-Malpensa Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
13 Berlin-Tegel Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
14 Zurich Swiss International Airlines, Turkish Airlines
15 Düsseldorf Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
16 Chicago-O'Hare Turkish Airlines
17 Singapore Singapore Airlines, Turkish Airlines
18 Athens Aegean Airlines, Olympic Air, Turkish Airlines
19 Toronto-Pearson Air Transat, Turkish Airlines, Air Canada
20 Beijing-Capital Turkish Airlines
Busiest domestic routes from Atatürk Int. Airport (2011)
Rank Airport Passengers
1 Ankara Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
2 İzmir Atlasjet, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Antalya Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
4 Adana Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
5 Diyarbakır Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
6 Erzurum Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
7 Trabzon Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
8 Bodrum Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
9 Samsun Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
10 Kayseri Turkish Airlines

Other facilities[edit]

Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.[40][41] Onur Air has its headquarters in Technical Hangar B.[42]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b "LTBA – Istanbul / Atatürk / International" (PDF). AIP Turkey. Ankara: DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. 26 July 2012. part AD 2 LTBA. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "12 months". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  3. ^ "12 months". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  4. ^ The list (Turkish)
  5. ^ "Air Transport News". Atn.aero. 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  6. ^ "World's Best Airports by Passenger Numbers | 2013". Worldairportawards.com. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  7. ^ Hafif raylı sistem
  8. ^ Havaş
  9. ^ İETT
  10. ^ http://www.tumgazeteler.com/?a=4553608[dead link]
  11. ^ "Ambient Air Quality Measurements and Air Pollutant Dispersion Modelling including Climatic Factors". Environmental Resources Management. September 2011. p. K-6. 
  12. ^ "Airbus A310." militaryaircraft.de, 12 November 2010
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "Saudia to Start Damman - Istanbul Operation from April 2014". Airline Route. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Schedule". City pairs Schedule. JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds Istanbul Ataturk - Gazipasa Service from late-July 2014". 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds Asmara Service from late-August 2014". Airline Route. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Turkish Airlines Delays Bamako/Conakry Service Launch to Dec 2014". Airline Route. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Turkish Airlines Adds 4 New Destinations in Algeria from May 2014". airlineroute.net. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 
  20. ^ "Turkish Airlines S15 Operation Changes as of 23JUL14". Airline Route. 23 July 2014. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. 
  21. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Turkish-Airlines-extends-flights-suspension-to-Israel-by-24-hours-368650
  22. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds 3 More European Routes in S14". Airline Route. 13 February 2014. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "МАУ запускают рейс Одесса-Стамбул". ООО «Коммерсантъ-Украина». 12 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  24. ^ Egypt Air cargo Winter/Spring 2013 schedule
  25. ^ TK cargo winter 2014 schedule
  26. ^ Marmaray completion delayed to 2013, cost increases by $500 mln, Today Zaman 2009-12-19
  27. ^ "Ankara-Istanbul High-Speed Train Project, Turkey". railway-technology.com. 
  28. ^ "İstanbul'a yapılacak 3. havalimanının haritası ortaya çıktı". T24. 2012-10-29. Retrieved 30 October 2012.  English translation
  29. ^ "Third Istanbul airport a step closer" rightmove overseas, 17 August 2012. Retrieved: 23 September 2012
  30. ^ "Third airport a must to ease air traffic in İstanbul" Sunday's Zaman, 29 April 2012. Retrieved: 4 August 2012.
  31. ^ "New Istanbul airport capacity will power Turkish Airlines growth" Retrieved: November 9, 2012
  32. ^ Dombey, Daniel (January 23, 2013). "Turkey seeks to build six-runway airport". Financial Times. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Yıldırım denies reports of Atatürk Airport conversion to congress center". Todayszaman.com. 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  34. ^ ACI Europe 2007 Final Rankings
  35. ^ ACI International Passenger Traffic Monthly Ranking
  36. ^ a b "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". Dhmi.gov.tr. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  37. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  38. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  39. ^ "TAV İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı". Ataturkairport.com. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  40. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
  41. ^ "Map." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.[dead link]
  42. ^ "Communication." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. Map. "Head Office Atatürk Havalimanı B Kapısı Teknik Hangar Yanı 34149 Yeşilköy/İSTANBUL/TÜRKİYE"
  43. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAP Istanbul-Yeşilköy Airport (IST) [Marmara Sea]". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Atatürk International Airport at Wikimedia Commons