Istanbul Zoology Museum

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Istanbul Zoology Museum
İstanbul Üniversitesi Zooloji Müzesi
Istanbul Zoology Museum is located in Istanbul
Istanbul Zoology Museum
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Location of Istanbul Zoology Museum
Established 1933
Location Istanbul University's Vezneciler Campus, Fatih, Istanbul
Coordinates 41°00′48″N 28°57′49″E / 41.013333°N 28.963611°E / 41.013333; 28.963611Coordinates: 41°00′48″N 28°57′49″E / 41.013333°N 28.963611°E / 41.013333; 28.963611
Type Natural history
Collection size Insecta, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia and Invertebrate species
Visitors ca. 3,000 annually
Owner Istanbul University's Faculty of Science, Dept. of Biology

Istanbul Zoology Museum, more precisely Zoology Museum of Istanbul University (Turkish: İstanbul Üniversitesi Zooloji Müzesi) is a natural history museum, located in Istanbul University's Vezneciler Campus at Fatih, Istanbul featuring animal collections. It was founded in 1933 and rearranged in 1989. The museum is owned and maintained by the Department of Biology at Faculty of Science.[1][2]

History[edit]

The museum was established by the Swiss scientist, Prof. Dr. André Naville, who was appointed head of the Biology Department at Istanbul University right after the reformation of the universities in 1933. Zoological objects donated from Germany were placed in a small hall situated in the Zoology Department of the university.[1][2][3]

After the sudden death of Naville in 1937, German hydrologist and zoologist Curt Kosswig took over the department. During his 15-year long scientific research on the fauna of Anatolia, he collected examples of mammals, birds, reptiles, frogs, fish and various invertebrates, which he brought in the museum contributing to its enrichment.[1][2][3]

In 1957, the top floors of the building were demolished, in which the museum was also situated. The collections of the museum were moved to a site in the Kuyucu Murad Pasha Madrassah, where they were stored for many years. In 1973, with the completion of a new building, the museum items were relocated to the new site.[1][2][3]

The museum items were cleaned and repaired after a long period of negligence by Dinçer Gülen and his team between 1987 and 1989. Finally, the museum reopened in 1989 in the form as it is today.[1][2][3]

Exhibits[edit]

The museum, covering an area of 120 m2 (1,300 sq ft),[1] consists of two sections for exhibitions and collections. The exhibition section is open to the public, while the collections section is for scientific use only.[2]

In the collections section, around 1,500 Insecta, 35 Pisces, 45 Amphibia, 32 Reptilia, 143 Aves (most of them coming from Yıldız Palace), 170 Mammalia and 193 Invertebrate species are on display. Among them are rare items of Hatteria punctatus (Sphenodon punctatus), a reptile endemic to New Zealand, and extinct Panthera pardus tulliana (Anatolian leopard) the most important exhibits.[1][2]

In the museum, there are also specimens of exotic fauna from other continents such as Alaskan moose (Alces alces), brown bear (Ursus arctos), spiny ant eater (Echidna), kangaroo, hippopotamus, crocodile and skeleton of tapir as well as elephant skulls.[2]

In addition, pictures, furs and skeletons of various mammals, birds, arthropods and other species of Turkey are displayed in the museum.[1]

Further examples and curiosities hosted in the museum are such as a lion given to President Celal Bayar (in office 1950-1960) during his official visit to Pakistan, a 9.5 kg (21 lb) weighing vulture with a wingspan of 2.70 m (8 ft 10 in), which was shot at Edirnekapı, Istanbul in 1945 and a six-legged lamb.[3]

Admission[edit]

Visiting of the museum is by appointment only. It is open on Mondays and Wednesdays.[3] The visitors, around 3,000 annually, are mostly pupils and students.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Zoological Museum of Istanbul University (ZMIU)". Istanbul University-Faculty of Science. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "İlk Zooloji Müzesi ziyaretçilerini bekliyor". Radikal (in Turkish). 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Karaoğlu, Yusuf. "İÜ Zooloji Müzesi’ni gezdiniz mi?". İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 

Bibliography[edit]

İshakoğlu-Kadıoğlu, Sevtap (1998). İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi tarihçesi: (1900-1946) (in Turkish). İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları. p. 342.