Istanbul bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics
|Games of the XXXII Olympiad
XVI Paralympic Games
Istanbul · Madrid · Tokyo
|Chair||Hasan Arat |
|NOC||National Olympic Committee of Turkey (NOCT)|
|Previous Games hosted|
Bid for 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012
|Result||1st Runner-up (36 votes)|
Applicant City phase
The National Olympic Committee of Turkey (NOCT) announced the selection of Istanbul as Turkey's candidate on July 7, 2011. Turkey's candidacy was announced officially by Prime Minister Erdogan on August 13, 2011.
Hasan Arat, who heads Istanbul 2020 Bid committee, is optimistic about the city's fifth bid, stating that over the past several years the city has seen the development of new venues and infrastructure improvements. He stated that Turkey's fast growing economy can also greatly benefit the bid.
In March 2012, Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan stated that Turkey is also interested in bidding to host the 2020 UEFA European Football Championship. Turkey bid to host UEFA Euro 2016 but lost to France by one vote. In April 2012, Turkey submitted a bid to host the UEFA Euro 2020 Championship. Istanbul 2020 has stated that the Olympic bid still has the support of the government. On May 8, 2012 IOC President Jacques Rogge stated that if Istanbul is awarded the 2020 Olympics that they would have to withdraw as hosts of UEFA Euro 2020. IOC rules state that an Olympic host nation may not host another major sporting event in the country in the same year as the Olympics. While it initially looked like Turkey would be the sole bidder for UEFA Euro 2020, two other bids for the event have also been submitted. A joint bid among Ireland, Scotland and Wales was submitted. In addition, a bid from Azerbaijan and Georgia was also submitted.
Candidate City phase
On May 23, 2012, the IOC Selected Istanbul as a Candidate City for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Right after being shortlisted as a candidate city, it was announced that the Vice President of the National Olympic Committee of Turkey Hasan Arat will serve as the head of Istanbul's bid for the 2020 Olympics.
In July 2012 the bid received the endorsement of American Olympic gold-medalist Mark Spitz who won a total of nine Olympic gold medals between 1968 and 1972. The Prime Minister of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan attended the London 2012 Olympics.
At the end of May 2012 it was announced that a third bridge over the Bosphorus would be built. This bridge will help to ease traffic in the city should Istanbul be successful in being awarded the 2020 Olympics. The bridge is set to open by 2015, and was part of the original application. The Istanbul Metro has 58 stations in service, with 23 more under construction.
It was announced in December 2012 that the UEFA Euro 2020 Championship would be held throughout Europe rather than being held among one or two host nations. This decision therefor eliminated the potential conflict Turkey would have had due to that fact they had bids to host the Olympics and the UEFA Championship in the same year.
Istanbul 2020 submitted their candidature file to the IOC on January 7, 2013. The IOC Evaluation Commission visited Istanbul from March 24 to March 27, 2013. . On March 25 Istanbul 2020 revealed the bid's slogan, "Bridge Together". The slogan represents how Istanbul is a city that is located on two continents.
In April 2013 Tokyo 2020 Chairman Naoki Inose created controversy when he made a comment that was seen as a criticism of Istanbul and their bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Inose was quoted saying, “Well, compare the two countries where they have yet to build infrastructure, very sophisticated facilities. So from time to time, like Brazil, I think it’s good to have a venue for the first time. But Islamic countries, the only thing they share in common is Allah and they are fighting with each other and they have classes.”  Criticizing rival bids are forbidden under IOC rules. Following Inose's statement, Tokyo 2020 made a statement saying that they "have the utmost respect for all candidate cities and have always taken pride in bidding in a spirit based on the Olympic values of excellence, respect and friendship.”  Inose apologized for his comments a few days later and stated that he was "fully committed" to respecting IOC rules.
In June 2013, Istanbul mayor Kadir Topbaş gave an interview expressing concern that the police's actions following an anti-government protest would jeopardize Istanbul's bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics, saying "As Istanbul's mayor going through such an event, the fact that the whole world watched saddens me. How will we explain it? With what claims will we host the 2020 Olympic Games?" Istanbul 2020 released a statement saying that "despite these recent events, all sections of Turkey remain united in our dream to host our nation’s first ever Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2020."  IOC President Jacques Rogge stated that these events would not negatively impact the city's bid. IOC Presidential Candidate Thomas Bach also stated that he did not believe that these events would hurt the bid. The President of the NOCT, Uğur Erdener stated that these events would strengthen the bid. Turkey Daily Press reported that an anonymous IOC member from Europe stated that the protests which have seen police brutality against peaceful protesters was a "big blow" to Istanbul's bid.
The 2020 IOC Evaluation Commission Report on the Candidate Cities for the 2020 Summer Olympics was released on June 25.
125th IOC Session
The host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics was elected at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina on September 7, 2013. Tokyo competed against Madrid and Istanbul in the election and finished second with Tokyo ultimately being elected as the host city. 
|2020 Summer Olympics host city election|
|City||NOC name||Round 1||Runoff||Round 2|
Outlook, Conclusion and Future
Turkey has yet to host an Olympic Games. Istanbul has made five previous bids for the Summer Games. The city was a candidate for the 2000 Games which were awarded to Sydney. It bid again for 2004, which were held in Athens, but failed to become a candidate city. It became a candidate for 2008 but lost to Beijing. The Turkish city's most recent bid was for the 2012 Games but it failed to become a candidate. London was awarded the 2012 Games. Istanbul lost to Tokyo for 2020. Tokyo was awarded the 2020 Games.
Istanbul hosted the knockout stage of the 2010 Basketball World Championship as well as the final. Istanbul was chosen as European Capital of Sports for 2012. The 2011 WTA Tour Championships and 2012 Euroleague Final Four will be hosted in Istanbul. The Abdi İpekçi Arena hosted the Final of EuroBasket 2001, and was also the venue for the 1992 Euroleague Final Four. The venue also hosted 2004 Eurovision Song Contest.
Venues would have been located in four zones and seven clusters around the city. The Olympic City Zone on the European side and the Olympic City Cluster would have included Atatürk Olympic Stadium and would have been home to the Olympic Village, with the Esenler Cluster of facilities just west of the main stadiums. The Coastal Zone along the Sea of Marmara would have included the Ataköy Cluster around Ataköy Athletics Arena and the Sinan Erdem Dome, while the Old City Cluster would have included cycle and triathlon facilities. The Bosporus zone would have had the Taksim Cluster on the European side and the Port Cluster on the Asian side, including Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. The final zone was the Forest Zone around Belgrade Forest in the north part of the European Side, where facilities would have included archery, volleyball, and rowing.
Türk Telekom Arena, Atatürk Olympic Stadium and Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, which were built or renovated in the first decade of the 21st century, are three UEFA Elite Stadiums in Istanbul. Atatürk Olympic Stadium hosted UEFA Champions League Final in 2005 and Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium hosted the UEFA Cup Final in 2009. There are also plans to construct a stadium which would have been used for the opening and closing ceremonies as well as for marathons.
Fenerbahçe International Sports Complex Ülker Sports Arena, the newest multi-purpose indoor arena in Istanbul, opened on January 25, 2012 with the inaugural Fenerbahçe-EA7 Emporio Armani basketball match of the Euroleague 2011-12 Top 16. In 2012, Sinan Erdem Dome hosted the 2011–12 Euroleague Final Four matches and the final phase of the 2010 FIBA World Championship.
- Atatürk Olympic Stadium - Athletics
- Sinan Erdem Dome - Basketball
- Ülker Sports Arena - Volleyball
- Abdi İpekçi Arena - Handball
- Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium - Football
- Türk Telekom Arena - Football
- BJK İnönü Stadium - Rugby
- Atakoy Marina - Sailing
- Atakoy Athletics Arena - Judo, Taekwando
- Harbiye Congress Auditorium - Weightlifting
- Old City Zone - Marathon, Race Walks, Cycling (Road)
- Belgrade Forest - Canoe Kayak (Slalom), Cycling (Mountain Bike/BMX), Golf
- Altınkapı Marina (Planned) - Triathlon
- Atakoy Velodrome (Planned)- Cycling (Track)
- İkitelli Olympic City Zone (Planned) - Boxing, Gymnastics, Table Tennis, Badminton, Hockey, Tennis, Aquatics Centre, Water Polo, Olympic Village, Media Village, International Broadcasting Centre
- Bosphorus Zone (Planned) - Opening & Closing Ceremonies, Archery, Beach Volley, Canoe Kayak (Sprint), Rowing, Swimming Marathon
- Esenler Sport Park (Planned) - National Equestrian Centre, National Shooting Area, Olympic Fencing Centre, Modern Pentathlon
According to the data of the Association of the Touristic Hotels and Investors (TUROB) of the Republic of Turkey, at the end of 2010, 766 accommodation establishments of different categories in Istanbul (licenced by the Ministry of Tourism and Culture of Turkey and/or the municipality of Istanbul) had the total of 46,652 rooms and 93,299 beds. That capacity alone was sufficient to accommodate the annual volume of 10 million tourists.
At the same time, another 51 new hotels (of which 25 were 5-star hotels) were at various stages of development at the end of 2010, bringing another 9,512 rooms and 19,800 beds to the already existing capacity. With the completion of these new hotels, Istanbul's accommodation capacity will have reached, within a few years, the total of 817 hotels, 56,164 rooms and 113,990 beds.
As the ninth most visited city in the world and the ninth most popular congress destination in the world, Istanbul also serves as a strong and established magnet for the international hotel chains, hosting, as of February 2015, 92 operating international chain hotels, with further 34 such hotels scheduled to open before early 2017. In 2013, Istanbul was selected the best holiday destination in Europe.
Istanbul 2020's official bid logo was revealed by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on July 22, 2012 after an online voting process between five potential logos. The logo combines the outline of a tulip, a traditional symbol of the city, with elements of the Istanbul skyline centered around the Maiden's Tower. The top part represents the European side of the city, while the bottom reflects the Asian side, which are divided by the Bosporus. The colors are orange, which reflects the color of sunset in the city, and turquoise, which is connected to Turkish culture.
- Exclusive: Istanbul 2020 appoints Hasan Arat as bid leader
- Mackay, Duncan Mackay (July 24, 2011). "Turkey Prime Minister confirms Istanbul bid for 2020 Olympics". Inside the Games. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- "Istanbul announces bid for 2020 Olympics". AFP. France24. August 13, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- Grohmann, Karolos (September 29, 2011). "Olympics-Persistent Istanbul confident for 2020 Games". Reuters. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- Mackay, Duncan (January 12, 2012). "Istanbul 2020 aim to regain momentum by sending top delegation to Innsbruck". Inside the Games. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Successful IAAF Championships Promote Istanbul 2020". March 12, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Turkey Wants To Stage European Championships And Olympics In One Year". GamesBids.com. March 22, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Grayson, Matthew (April 17, 2012). "Turkey Launches Euro 2020 Bid". World Football Insider. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Bisson, Mark (May 3, 2012). "More FAs Rule Out Battling Turkey for Euro 2020". Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Turkey Has A Choice – Olympics Or Euros". May 8, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Barnes, John (May 15, 2012). "Euro 2020: Ireland, Scotland and Wales eye joint bid as hosts". BBC Scotland. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "IOC selects three cities as Candidates for the 2020 Olympic Games". International Olympics Committee. May 24, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Mackay, Duncan (May 23, 2012). "Istanbul 2020 appoints Hasan Arat as bid leader". Inside the Games. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Mackay, Duncan (July 16, 2012). "Olympic legend backs Istanbul 2020". Inside the Games. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Istanbul 2020 - Prime Minister To Attend London 2012 Olympics". GamesBid.com. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Istanbul 2020 Fulfills Commitment In Application File". GamesBids.com. May 31, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Euro 2020 to be held across Europe
- Euro 2020 to take place across Europe - UEFA
- 2020 Candidate Cities deliver Candidature Files
- Istanbul 2020 Slogan: "Bridge Together"
- In Promoting His City for 2020 Games, Tokyo’s Bid Chairman Tweaks Others
- Tokyo 2020 organizers say they ‘respect’ IOC bid rules after governor’s remarks on Istanbul
- Tokyo Governor Apologizes for Remarks
- Istanbul 2020 Statement Regarding Recent Demonstrations
- "Protests will have no negative effect on Istanbul bid" claims Rogge
- Bach Downplays Protests Impact on Istanbul 2020
- Istanbul 2020 bid will be "strengthened" by Turkish riots, it is claimed
- IOC releases 2020 Evaluation Commission Report
- IOC Presidential candidates to present to Session in Lausanne this July
- COI - 125th IOC Session
- "2020 Olympics Vote Total Box". Associated Press. Miami Herald. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Tokyo wins race to host 2020 Olympic Games
- Olympics 2020: Why Tokyo is a 'safe pair of hands' to host Games
- Turkey puts in heavyweight bid for Euro 2020
- "The Plan" (PDF). İstanbul 2020 Turkish NOC. February 9, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- "Fenerbahçe Ülker Sports Arena perdelerini Armani maçıyla açacak". Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (in Turkish). January 24, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Istanbul Olimpiyatlara Nasıl Hazırlanıyor?". Star Gazete (in Turkish). May 24, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- "10 milyon kişiyi ağırlayacak kapasiteye sahibiz". Turizmde Bu Sabah (in Turkish). September 14, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Istanbul 2020 Bid Inspired By Ranking Fifth Most Visited City". GameBids.com. June 29, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "International Association Meetings Market, Statistics Report 2002-2011" (PDF). International Congress and Convention Association. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "Istanbul Solidifies Its Ranking As A Top Ten International Congress Destination". Official Newsletter of Istanbul Convention & Visitors Bureau (©Copyright 2011, www.icvbbulletin.org). May 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- Hotels in Istanbul. (2012, November 20). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:52, November 20, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hotels_in_Istanbul&oldid=524050543
- "Top Destinations in Europe". europeanbestdestinations.org. 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Istanbul: Europe's best destination". .turkishpress.com. 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Istanbul 2020 Unveils New Logo". GamesBids.com. July 22, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Spell of the City". Istanbul 2020. July 22, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.