Istok

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This article is about a town Istok. For other uses, see Istok (disambiguation).
Istok
Municipality and city
Istok (Исток)
Istog (Burimi)
Istok is located in Kosovo
Istok
Istok
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°47′N 20°29′E / 42.783°N 20.483°E / 42.783; 20.483
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Peć
Population (2011)
 • Total 39,294 (municipality)
 • Density 86.5/km2 (224/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 31000
Area code(s) +381
Car plates 03
Website Municipality of Istok (Albanian)
Municipality of Istok (Serbian)

Istok or Istog (Albanian: Istog or Burimi; Bosnian: Istok; Serbian: Исток, Istok, Turkish: İstok) is a town and municipality in the Peć district of north-western Kosovo.[a] The town is the administrative capital of the municipality, which includes the town and the surrounding villages.

Name[edit]

The name of the town comes from the archaic version of the Bosnian/Serbian word istok (modern version istek), meaning "well, water source" referring to the springs of the Istočka river, a tributary to the White Drin river.[1] The name of the nearby village of Vrela, one of the largest settlements in the municipality, also means "springs", as does the newly proposed Albanian name of the town, Burimi.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Montenegrins  % Bosniaks  % Roma/Ashkali  % Total
1961 19,067 56.45 9,097 26.91 3,804 11.25 881 2.6 16 33,799
1971 27,371 66.74 8,944 21.81 2,420 5.90 1,876 4.57 243 0.59 41,009
1981 35,972 71.79 7,736 15.44 1,856 3.70 3,545 7.08 747 1.49 50,104
1991 43,910 76.68 5,968 10.42 1,302 2,27 4,070 7.11 1,346 2.35 57,261
1998 51,000 80.1 7,270 11.4
2006 41,000 92 540 1.2 1,330 2.9 1,740 3.9 44,610
2011 36,154 194 1,142 151 39,289
Ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for data through 1991, and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for data in 1998 and 2006, 2011 estimate

Although there is no official data, the total population of the municipality is estimated at 65,000.

Economy[edit]

After World War II, watermills on the river of Istok were nationalized and a new fish plant was built to operate as a socially owned enterprise. The company's name during socialism was "Ribnjak" (in Serbian) meaning "piscatory" or "fishery", and when it was privatized as Motel "Trofta" (in Albanian) meaning "Trout", or the type of fish it has been and is still producing, selling, and distributing. The company employs around 70 people.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

  1. ^ Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije, page 87; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°47′N 20°29′E / 42.783°N 20.483°E / 42.783; 20.483