Istra, Istrinsky District, Moscow Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Istra (inhabited locality).
Istra (English)
Истра (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Истра-коллаж1.jpg
Views of Istra
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Istra is located in Moscow Oblast
Istra
Istra
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Istra in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°55′N 36°52′E / 55.917°N 36.867°E / 55.917; 36.867Coordinates: 55°55′N 36°52′E / 55.917°N 36.867°E / 55.917; 36.867
Coat of Arms of Istra (2008).gif
Flag of Istra (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Istrinsky District[1]
Town Istra[1]
Administrative center of Istrinsky District,[1] Town of Istra[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2012)
Municipal district Istrinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Istra Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Istrinsky Municipal District,[2] Istra Urban Settlement[2]
Head[citation needed] Yury Savelyev[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 35,111 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Known since 16th century[citation needed]
Town status since 1781[citation needed]
Previous names Voskresenskoye,[citation needed]
Voskresensk (until 1930)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 143500–143502, 143508
Dialing code(s) +7 49631[citation needed]
Official website
Istra on WikiCommons

Istra (Russian: И́стра) is a town and the administrative center of Istrinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Istra River, 40 kilometers (25 mi) west of Moscow, on the Moscow–Riga railway. Population: 35,111 (2010 Census);[3] 33,652 (2002 Census);[6] 35,046 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Known since the 16th century as the village of Voskresenskoye, it was later renamed Voskresensk, granted town status in 1781, and became the seat of an uyezd.[citation needed] In 1930, the town was renamed Istra, after the river which flows through it.[citation needed] As a result of short-term occupation during the Great Patriotic War (from November 25 to December 11, 1941), the town was severely damaged. After the war, Istra became a center of research in the area of electrical power engineering.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Istra serves as the administrative center of Istrinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Istrinsky District as the Town of Istra.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Istra is incorporated within Istrinsky Municipal District as Istra Urban Settlement.[2]

Science[edit]

There is a large high voltage research center near Istra at 55°55′26″N 36°49′10″E / 55.92389°N 36.81944°E / 55.92389; 36.81944 (research center).

Architecture[edit]

New Jerusalem Monastery, also known as the Voskresensky Monastery, is located in Istra.

Notable people[edit]

Famous Russian short-story writer and playwright Anton Chekhov used to work in Istra and its outskirts, while his brother Ivan Chekhov was a teacher at a local school. Soviet geographer Alexander Kruber was born in Istra.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Novoiyerusalimskaya railway station in Istra

Istra is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #86/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №303-ПГ от 13 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #303-PG of December 13, 2013 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №86/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Истринского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №119/2012-ОЗ от 23 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Истринского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №44, 12 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #86/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Istrinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #119/2012-OZ of July 23, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Istrinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]