Istres

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Istres
Istres.arp.750pix.jpg
Coat of arms of Istres
Coat of arms
Istres is located in France
Istres
Istres
Coordinates: 43°30′54″N 4°59′22″E / 43.51510°N 04.98950°E / 43.51510; 04.98950Coordinates: 43°30′54″N 4°59′22″E / 43.51510°N 04.98950°E / 43.51510; 04.98950
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Istres
Canton Istres Nord and Istres Sud
Intercommunality Ouest Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) François Bernardini
Area
 • Land1 113.73 km2 (43.91 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 42,603
 • Population2 density 370/km2 (970/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13047 / 13800
Elevation 0–120 m (0–394 ft)
(avg. 20 m or 66 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Istres (French pronunciation: ​[istʁ]) (Occitan: Istre) is a commune in southern France, some 60 km (38 mi) northwest of Marseille. It is in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture. Its inhabitants are called Istréens and Istréennes.

Location[edit]

Istres is adjacent to the étang de Berre lagoon (the largest in Europe) and the étang de l'Olivier lagoon. It is located some 60 km (38 mi) north-west of Marseille, 20 km (13 mi) south-west of Salon-de-Provence, 10 km (6 mi) north of Martigues and 45 km (28 mi) south-east of Arles. Istres is also adjacent to the plaine de la Crau and the Camargue national park.

Istres has a Mediterranean climate characterised by mild, humid winters and hot, dry summers. January and February are the coldest months, averaging temperatures of around 7 °C. July and August are the hottest months. The mean summer temperature is around 24 °C (75 °F) with an average maximum temperature around 32°C. The amount of precipitation is around 566 mm (22 inches) per year. The Mistral, a cold and often violent wind, blows through the city mostly in winter and spring.

Sports[edit]

The city has numerous sports facilities and exactly 102 clubs. Each year a race is organized around the Etang de l'Olivier. Many runners participate.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,081 —    
1800 2,081 +0.0%
1806 1,991 −4.3%
1821 2,785 +39.9%
1831 3,023 +8.5%
1836 3,036 +0.4%
1841 3,122 +2.8%
1846 3,268 +4.7%
1851 3,389 +3.7%
1856 3,614 +6.6%
1861 3,776 +4.5%
1866 3,905 +3.4%
1872 3,937 +0.8%
1876 3,849 −2.2%
1881 3,701 −3.8%
1886 3,750 +1.3%
1891 3,405 −9.2%
1896 3,495 +2.6%
1901 3,517 +0.6%
1906 3,681 +4.7%
1911 3,810 +3.5%
1921 5,462 +43.4%
1926 5,547 +1.6%
1931 7,034 +26.8%
1936 7,286 +3.6%
1946 5,749 −21.1%
1954 8,009 +39.3%
1962 9,478 +18.3%
1968 13,404 +41.4%
1975 18,129 +35.3%
1982 28,561 +57.5%
1990 35,163 +23.1%
1999 38,855 +10.5%
2008 42,603 +9.6%

Sights[edit]

Istres is the home of the Le Tubé Air Base (Istres-Le Tubé Air Base or BA 125). This air base was one of 3 utilized by NASA as a contingency landing site for the Space Shuttle in the case of a Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL).[1] Istres shared this responsibility with Zaragoza, Spain and Moron, Spain.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]