Chevrolet Colorado

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For the vehicle of the same name sold in Thailand, see Isuzu D-Max. For the SUV, see Holden Colorado 7.
Chevrolet Colorado
Chevrolet Colorado 2.9 LT 2012 (9544068784).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Production 2004–2012, 2014–present (U.S.)
2004–present (Thailand)
2012–present (Brazil)
Assembly Wentzville, Missouri, United States
Rayong, Thailand
São José dos Campos, Brazil
Body and chassis
Class Compact pickup truck
Body style 2-door regular cab
4-door extended cab
4-door crew cab
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive/four-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Chevrolet S-10 / Isuzu Hombre / GMC Sonoma

The Chevrolet Colorado and its counterpart, the GMC Canyon, are compact pickup trucks marketed by American automaker General Motors. They were introduced in 2004 to replace the Chevrolet S-10 and GMC Sonoma compact pickups.

First generation (2004–2012)[edit]

First generation
2010 Chevrolet Colorado -- NHTSA.jpg
Overview
Also called
  • GMC Canyon
  • Isuzu i-Series
Production 2004–2012
Model years 2004–2012
Assembly United States: Shreveport, Louisiana (Shreveport Assembly)
Body and chassis
Platform GMT355
Related Holden Rodeo
Isuzu D-Max
Hummer H3
Hummer H3T
Isuzu MU-7
Powertrain
Engine 2.5 L (153 cu in) 4JK1
2.8 L (171 cu in) LK5 I4
2.9 L (177 cu in) LLV I4
3.0 L (183 cu in) 4JJ1
3.5 L (214 cu in) L52 220hp I5[1]
3.7 L (226 cu in) LLR I5
5.3 L (323 cu in) LH8 V8
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase Regular cab 111.2 in (2,824 mm)
Extended cab 126 in (3,200 mm)
Crew cab 120 in (3,048 mm) (Thailand Ver.)
Length Regular cab 192 in (4,877 mm)
Extended cab 207.1 in (5,260 mm)
Crew cab 194 in (4,928 mm) (Thailand Ver.)
Width 68 in (1,727 mm)[1]
70.8 in (1,798 mm) (Thailand Ver.)
Height 65 in (1,651 mm)
69.1 in (1,755 mm) (4x4 Thailand Ver.)

The Chevrolet Colorado and its twin, the GMC Canyon were jointly designed by GM's North American operations, GM's Brazil operations, and Isuzu. Isuzu, which participated in the design process, began selling its own version worldwide in 2002.[1] In late 2005, Isuzu offered a version in North America called the Isuzu i-Series. This North American model Isuzu shared North American powertrains, styling, and equipment with the Colorado/Canyon twins and differed from Isuzu's worldwide offering. All Chevrolet, GMC, and Isuzu versions worldwide are based on the GMT355, itself the basis for the GMT 345-based Hummer H3. Most vehicles for markets outside North America are manufactured at a GM plant in Rayong, Thailand, as well as at a GM plant in São José dos Campos, Brazil. Most North American-market vehicles were manufactured in Shreveport, Louisiana.

Chevrolet Colorado Xtreme extended cab
GMC Canyon crew cab
Chevrolet Colorado in Thailand.

The Colorado/Canyon offer both manual and automatic transmissions. GM also offers either a rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive drivetrain with standard, extended, and four-door crew cab body styles. Most models come with the 2.8 L (171 cu in) LK5 I4 engine as standard, but a more powerful 3.5 I5 comes with the Z71 package on four-door versions and is optional on all others. The 4-door Z71s also get the 4-speed automatic transmission standard. This package was later dropped in favor of LT2 and LT3.

A ZQ8 edition is available with a lower and more road-tuned "sport" suspension than the standard Z85 and comes with 17 inch wheels, color-matched bumper and grille, and low profile fender flares. There is also a Xtreme edition of the ZQ8 which has a different front bumper, rear bumper, side skirts, fender flares, grille, headlights, and 18 inch wheels. The Xtreme edition is basically a continuation of a trim package from its predecessor, the Chevrolet S-10.

For 2007, Colorado/Canyon was facelifted and offered new engines, which include the 2.9 L (177 cu in) LLV I4 and 3.7 L (226 cu in) LLR I5 which were both introduced due to numerous head problems, new colors — Deep Ruby (Sonoma Red for the Canyon), Pace Blue (Sport Blue for the Canyon) and Imperial Blue (Midnight Blue for the Canyon), and new tires and wheels. Minor changes to the grille and interior for the LT and LTZ models; the LS models kept the same pre-facelift look, similar to the facelift of the TrailBlazer in 2005 & 2006. In addition, the "Colorado" & "Canyon" badges were phased out from the doors in favour of GM's corporate logo. For model year 2009, the Colorado was facelifted again and a 5.3 L (323 cu in) LH8 V8 is offered, producing 300 hp (224 kW) and 320 lb·ft (434 N·m). For the 2010 model year, the GM badges were phased out from those trucks,[2] although fewer 2010 models had the GM logo on the doors.

Colorado/Canyon U.S. sales peaked in 2005 at 163,204 units, surpassing the perennial segment leader, the Ford Ranger, by almost 35% and just 3.3% behind the new best-seller, the Toyota Tacoma. In 2006, however, while still leading the Ford pickup by 27.5%, Colorado/Canyon's sales lagged their Toyota competitor's by almost 34%. One 2005 Canyon owned by successful U.S. Senate candidate Scott Brown became famous as it was widely featured in his TV advertisements.[3]

SG Automotive manufactures a clone of the Colorado called the Huanghai Plutus in China

Engines[edit]

[4]

Years Engine Power Torque
2004–2012 2.5 L (153 cu in) 4JK1-TC I4 116 hp (87 kW) 206 lb·ft (279 N·m)
2004–2012 3.0 L (183 cu in) 4JJ1-TC I4 146 hp (109 kW) 216 lb·ft (293 N·m)
2012 3.0 L (183 cu in) 4JJ1-TCX I4 163 hp (122 kW) 265.5 lb·ft (360 N·m)
2004–2006 2.8 L (173 cu in) LK5 I4 175 hp (130 kW) @ 5600 RPM 185 lb·ft (251 N·m) @ 2800 RPM[5][6][7]
2007–2012 2.9 L (178 cu in) LLV I4 185 hp (138 kW) @ 5600 RPM 190 lb·ft (258 N·m) @ 2800 RPM[8][9][10][11][12][13]
2004–2006 3.5 L (214 cu in) L52 I5 220 hp (164 kW) @ 5600 RPM 225 lb·ft (305 N·m) @ 2800 RPM[5][6][7]
2007–2008 3.7 L (223 cu in) LLR I5 242 hp (180 kW) @ 5600 RPM 242 lb·ft (328 N·m) @ 2800 RPM[8][14]
2009–2012 3.7 L (223 cu in) LLR I5 242 hp (180 kW) @ 5600 RPM 242 lb·ft (328 N·m) @ 4600 RPM[10][15][16][17]
2009–2012 5.3 L (325 cu in) LH8 V8 300 hp (224 kW) @ 5200 RPM 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @ 4000 RPM[10][18][19][20]
Chevrolet Colorado being used by Police in Olympia, Washington

Safety[edit]

In the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's frontal offset test the Colorado (extended version) is given a "Good" overall score,[21] however the crew cab is rated "Acceptable".[22] In the side impact test, the Colorado crew cab is rated "Poor" with or without side curtain airbags.[23][24] Side curtain airbags were made standard on all 2010 models; side torso airbags are not offered.

Isuzu i-series[edit]

Isuzu i-Series

The Isuzu i-Series mid-size pickup truck line was manufactured from 2005 to 2008. Launched at the 2005 New York International Auto Show, for the 2006 model year, the i-Series replaced the Isuzu Hombre, which had been out of production since 2000. Like the Hombre, which was based on the compact Chevrolet S-10 / GMC Sonoma, the i-Series was based on the Chevrolet Colorado / GMC Canyon. The sales for the i-Series were poor, with just 1,377 sold from the start of production through February 2006 according to Automotive News. As part of Isuzu's withdrawal from the United States market after the 2008 model year, the i-Series was discontinued, replaced by the related Hummer H3T for GM's Hummer brand.

Second generation (2012–present)[edit]

Second generation
RG Holden Colorado Extra Cab.jpg
Overview
Also called
Production 2012–present
Model years
  • 2012-present
  • 2015- (US)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Platform GMT 31XX
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual Eaton N8D[25]
  • 6-speed automatic 6L50[25]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,096 mm (121.9 in)
Length 5,367 mm (211.3 in)
Width 2,132 mm (83.9 in)
Height 1,785 mm (70.3 in)

The second-generation Chevrolet Colorado was shown at the 2011 Bangkok Motor Show.[26] It is available in three different cab styles: regular cab (single cab), extended cab (space cab), and crew cab (double cab) and may either be rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.

Holden Colorado[edit]

The Holden Colorado was revealed at the 2011 Australian International Motor Show and went on sale in June 2012 in both Australia and New Zealand. It is available in four trim levels: DX (single cab chassis only), LX (chassis only), LT and LTZ. Single cab and crew cab models are available as either two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.[27]

A Thunder Edition is available on 4x4 LX, LT and LTZ models. Among the features included with the pack are a nudge bar and towing kit, front carpet floor mats and a one-piece rear carpet floor mat, a bonnet protector, slimline weather shields and "Thunder" badging.[28]

Trim Levels[edit]

US Market[edit]

The US-spec model was revealed on November 20, 2013 at the Los Angeles Auto Show.[30] Production is expected to begin at Wentzville Assembly in 2014, with vehicles are arriving at dealerships nationwide by mid-late 2014, as an early 2015 model year vehicle. It will compete with other midsized pickup truck offerings, such as the Nissan Frontier and Toyota Tacoma. The US spec model will however, feature a different front fascia, with its design being similar to the 2014 Chevrolet Silverado, and different engines. General Motors' Wentzville assembly plant, received a $380 million expansion of 500,000 square feet that was constructed to support the new Colorado's assembly.[31] On September 18, 2014, GM announced that it would add more workers to the Wentzville assembly after it received early advanced orders of 30,000 Colorado/Canyons from its dealerships ahead of its release.[32]

For the initial launch, the Colorado will be available with either a 2.5 L Ecotec I4 engine or the 3.6 L LFX V6 engine.[33] The 2.8 L Duramax turbodiesel engine is to be added in 2015,[33] and is a first for its class in the US market. It will also be available in three cab configurations: (extended cab with a 6.2 ft (1.9 m) bed, crew cab with a 5.2 ft (1.6 m) bed, or crew cab with a 6.2 ft (1.9 m) bed, with four-wheel drive being optional.[33]

Sixteen-inch or seventeen-inch steel wheels or alloy wheels will be available, as will a decor package for the W/T model that will add a chrome front grille and body-colored door handles and side view mirrors.

Trim levels[edit]

  • W/T (Work truck) [33]
  • LT [33]
  • Z/71 (based on the LT model) [33]

GMC Canyon[edit]

The all-new GMC Canyon was introduced on January 12, 2014, GMC introduced in an official press and video release and made its public debut the following day (January 13, 2014) at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit, with sales to begin at dealerships in the second quarter of 2014 as a 2015 model.

The Canyon will offer the same features as its cousin, but will have a higher MSRP and more options. It too, sports a front grille design that closely resembles its full size sibling, the GMC Sierra. The 2015 Canyon will come in three trims and either two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. Although, the base model will only be available with the 2.5 L Ecotec I4 engine, a 6-speed manual transmission, and two-wheel drive.

Optional features (based on trim) will include active aero grille shutters, available OnStar 4G LTE connectivity with on-board wifi, forward collision warning, lane departure warning, and an available Teen Driver feature that limits speed and audio volume.[34]

Engines[edit]

Years Engine Power Torque Note
2012–present 2.4 L Flexpower I4 Brasil
2012–2013 2.5 L Duramax I4 163 hp (122 kW) 280 lb·ft (380 N·m) 5-speed manual only
2012–present 2.8 L Duramax I4 200 hp (149 kW) 325 lb·ft (441 N·m) US 2016
2015–present 2.5 L Ecotec I4 193 hp (144 kW) 184 lb·ft (249 N·m) US
2015–present 3.6 L LFX V6 305 hp (227 kW) 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) US

Yearly American sales[edit]

Calendar Year Colorado Canyon Total U.S. sales
2004[35] 117,475 27,193 144,668
2005[35] 128,359 34,845 163,204
2006[36] 93,876 23,979 117,855
2007[37] 75,716 20,888 96,604
2008[37] 54,346 14,974 69,320
2009[38] 32,413 10,107 42,520
2010[39] 24,642 7,992 32,634
2011[40] 31,026 9,590 40,616
2012[41] 36,840 8,735 45,575
2013[42] 3,412 929 4,341

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Newbury, Stephen. The Car Design Yearbook 2. Merrell. ISBN 1-85894-196-2. 
  2. ^ "GM to drop corporate logo from vehicles -- Detroit News". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  3. ^ "Scott Brown drives his GMC pickup to U.S. Senate victory". USA Today. 2010-01-20. 
  4. ^ Chevrolet Colorado Product Brochures. 2004–2012. 
  5. ^ a b http://archives.media.gm.com/division/2004_prodinfo/chevrolet/trucks/colorado/index.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ a b http://archives.media.gm.com/division/2005_prodinfo/chevrolet/trucks/colorado/index.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ a b http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/06index.html#specs.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ a b http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/07index.html#specs.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/08index.html#specs.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ a b c http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2009.tab1.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2010.tab1.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2011.tab1.html#engines.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2012.tab1.html#engines.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/08index.html#specs.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2010.tab1.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2011.tab1.html#engines.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2012.tab1.html#engines.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2010.tab1.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
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  20. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/chevrolet/vehicles/colorado/2012.tab1.html#engines.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet Colorado". Iihs.org. 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  22. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet Colorado crew cab". Iihs.org. 2009-11-18. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  23. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet Colorado". Iihs.org. 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  24. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet Colorado crew cab". Iihs.org. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  25. ^ a b "2015 Chevrolet Colorado Specifications". GM. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  26. ^ "Chevy confirms global Colorado pickup for U.S.". Autoblog. October 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  27. ^ [url=http://www.caradvice.com.au/168474/holden-colorado-pricing-revealed-for-2012-generation-ute "Holden Colorado Pricing Revealed for 2012 generation ute"]. Car Advice. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Holden Colorado Thunder Edition Debuts". The Motor Report. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c d "Holden Colorado - Official Site". GM Holden LTD. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  30. ^ 2015 Chevrolet Colorado brings modern amenities, diesel power to midsize pickup set from Autoblog (November 20, 2013)
  31. ^ http://www.stltoday.com/business/local/gm-starts-million-expansion-in-wentzville/article_76e66ee0-a372-11e1-a8da-001a4bcf6878.html
  32. ^ "GM dealers have ordered 30k Colorado and Canyon pickups, 3rd shift added" from Autoblog (September 18, 2014)
  33. ^ a b c d e f "Chevrolet Colorado - Official Site". Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  34. ^ "2015 GMC Canyon is a Chevy Colorado in Sierra clothing (w/video)" from Autoblog (January 12, 2014)
  35. ^ a b "GM Reports 392,041 Deliveries In December". GM Communications. January 4, 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-09. [dead link]
  36. ^ "GM Reports 341,327 Deliveries In December". GM Communications. January 3, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-09. [dead link]
  37. ^ a b "GM Reports 221,983 Deliveries In December; 2,980,688 Vehicles Sold In 2008". GM Communications. January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09. [dead link]
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  39. ^ "December 2010 Sales: General Motors - Cheers & Gears Forums". Cheersandgears.com. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
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  42. ^ http://media.gm.com/dld/content/dam/Media/gmcom/investor/2014/jan/Deliveries-December-2013.pdf

External links[edit]