Itabalhum

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Itabalhum (Itab/pal) was an ancient kingdom of the Turukkaeans in the middle part of the Bronze Age. It is located in the northwestern parts of Zagros mountain region. The kingdom was attested in the texts of Shemshara (Shusharra). As viewed from Shemshara the Turukkean kingdom of Itabalhum appears to be a peripheral polity, with a largely Mesopotamian material culture.

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  • The Shemshāra archives. Copenhagen: Munksgaard. 2001. ISBN 8778762456. 
  • The Routledge handbook of the peoples and places of ancient Western Asia : the Near East from the early Bronze Age to the fall of the Persian Empire (Reprinted. ed.). London [u.a.]: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-69261-8.