Itaipu (composition)

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Itaipu is a four movement symphonic cantata by Philip Glass. The composition was written in 1989,[1] and pays homage to the world's largest hydroelectric dam, built on the Paraná River between Paraguay and Brazil. The text is written in Guaraní, with a translation by Daniela Thomas. It was commissioned by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus and was first performed on November 2, 1989.[2][3]

The four movements are titled:

  1. Mato Grosso
  2. The Lake
  3. The Dam
  4. To the Sea


  1. ^ Aguirre, Enrique Ballón (2006). Tradición oral peruana: literaturas ancestrales y populares, Volume 2. Fondo Editorial PUCP. p. 382. ISBN 9972427501. 
  2. ^ Gramophone (1993). Gramophone, Vol. 71, Issue 845–847. Compton Mackenzie. p. 128.  ISSN 0017-310X
  3. ^ Kathleen Lusk-Brooke, Frank Paul Davidson (2006). Building the World: An Encyclopedia of the Great Engineering Projects in History. Greenwood Press. p. 716. ISBN 0313333742. 

External links[edit]

  • Itaipu on Philip Glass Official Website