Itajaí

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Itajaí
Municipality
The Municipality of Santa Catarina
Flag of Itajaí
Flag
Official seal of Itajaí
Seal
Motto: "Quality of Life"
Location of Itajaí
Itajaí is located in Brazil
Itajaí
Itajaí
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 26°54′S 48°40′W / 26.900°S 48.667°W / -26.900; -48.667Coordinates: 26°54′S 48°40′W / 26.900°S 48.667°W / -26.900; -48.667
Country  Brazil
Region Southern
State Santa Catarina (state) Santa Catarina
Founded June 15, 1860
Government
 • Mayor Jandir Bellini (PP)
Area
 • Total 289.285 km2 (111.694 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 200.565
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.825–high[1]
Website Itajaí

Itajaí is a Brazilian city in the state of Santa Catarina.

History[edit]

The city was founded on June 15, 1860, but the colonization of Itajaí started in 1658 when the Paulista João Dias D’Arzão arrived in the region. In 1750, Portuguese colonists coming from Madeira and the Azores made this region their home. By 1823 it became a prominent region for Portuguese settlers and, at the end of the 19th century, received a great number of German immigrants.

Itajai and most of Santa Catarina State area is prone to torrential storms specially during the Spring season. Floods are frequent and even tornadoes can form.

In late November 2008, around 100 people perished in floods due to the long lasting showers that fell in Southeastern and Southern Brazil. 90% of the city was underwater and the port was partially destroyed.[2] Many lost their homes and other possessions and had no ready shelters to turn to, for the rain combined with river waters invaded every section of the city and most of Central and Coastal Santa Catarina State. President Lula da Silva and other officials flew over the area to evaluate the damage and offer help. The state was declared a disaster area by the State and Federal governments.

Geography[edit]

It occupies an area of 304 km ², 20% urban and 80% rural (or conservation areas).

Is located on the north coast of Santa Catarina State, specifically at the mouth of the Itajai-Acu river. It borders onto the cities of Balneário Camboriú, Camboriú, Brusque, Gaspar, Ilhota and Navegantes. Headquarters of the largest fishing port in the country and the largest university in the state, the Univali.

Itajaí is located in the Lower Valley of Rio Itajai, the coast and the Atlantic Ocean. It is situated at the mouth of the Itajai-Acu, allowing the existence of the port. Church of the Blessed Sacrament

The city is basically flat - due to being at sea level The highest point is Morro da Cruz, 170 meters above sea level - much of the native vegetation can be seen in its full beauty. It was part of the defunct metropolitan area of Foz do Rio Itajaí, together with the neighboring municipalities.

Itajaí hosts one of the biggest festivals of Brazilian popular music. The festival is held every October and brings together musicians and artists from around the country. These meetings are a display of the rich culture of Itajaí.

The BR-101 is the main link to the city, and highways SC-100, BR-486, SC-470 and BR-470, Itajaí link to the rest of the state.

Climate[edit]

The climate in Itajaí is humid in winter and dry in summer. In summer temperatures can reach 40°C (Temperature reached in 2000) and during the winter they can get as low as 5°C. It is very rare to get temperatures outside this range. There are reports that the lowest temperature ever recorded in Itajaí was -1°C in 1975.

Port of Itajaí[edit]

Port of Itajaí from the sky
Entrance of Port of Itajaí

The Port of Itajaí is the main port of Santa Catarina, and the second largest in Brazil in terms of the movement of containers. It serves as the main port for exports in the region, and almost all production of the state of Santa Catarina moves through it at some point.

Tourism[edit]

Center of Itajaí

Itajaí has many beautiful beaches, among them are the Molhes, Atalaia, Jeremias, Cabeçudas, Morcego, Brava Beach and Solidão. One well-known tourit attraction is the Parrot's Beak, a 6 meter-tall rock in the shape of a Parrot. The city also boasts extensive rural areas and beautiful natural scenery, with a rich heritage of the Portuguese and German immigrants. Itajaí has a píer for passenger vessels, serving the coast of Santa Catarina and used by the customs, which guides ships in by laser. The Marejada, a Portuguese festival of fishing and seafood, is the principal festival of the city, showcasing attractions relative to the ocean and the Azores. Itajaí is also the hub of Nautical Club Marcílio Dias, a sport association for both football (soccer) and competitive rowing.

In 2013 it has been chosen as the arrival point of the Transat Jacques Vabre.

The city is served by Ministro Victor Konder International Airport located in the adjoining municipality of Navegantes.

Sister cities[edit]

Itajaí has the following Sister Cities:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano - Municipal, 1991 e 2000
  2. ^ http://www.maritimeindustries.org/documents/view.jsp?id=760
  3. ^ "Lei Municipal Ordinária nº 1688/1979 de Itajaí" [Itajaí Municipal Ordinary Law no. 1688/1979]. Leis Municipais (in Portuguese). Itajaí: Prefeitura do Município de Itajaí. January 26, 1979. Retrieved January 28, 2013. "LAW NO. 1688, FROM 26 JANUARY 1979 / ESTABLISH SISTER CITY, THE CITY SODEGAURA - JAPAN" 
  4. ^ "Lei Municipal Ordinária nº 3993/2003 de Itajaí" [Itajaí Municipal Ordinary Law no. 3993/2003]. Leis Municipais (in Portuguese). Itajaí: Prefeitura do Município de Itajaí. November 17, 2003. Retrieved January 28, 2013. "LAW NO. 3993, FROM 17 NOVEMBER 2003 / ESTABLISH SISTER CITY, THE CITY XINXIANG - CHINA" 

External links[edit]