Italia Turrita is the national personification or allegory of Italy, characterised by a mural crown (hence turrita or '"with towers" in Italian) typical of Italian civic heraldry of communal origin. In broader terms, the crown symbolizes its mostly urban history.
Italia Turrita is a woman with typical Mediterranean attributes. She often holds in her hands a bunch of corn ears (a symbol of fertility and reference to the agrarian economy); during the fascist era she held a bundle of the lictors.
Stella d'Italia 
Over her head a five-pointed star is usually seen shining radiant; an ancient secular symbol of Italy purported to protect the nation, known as Stella d'Italia or Star of Italy. Iconographic of the Risorgimento, it was used as the crest of the armorial bearings of the Kingdom of Italy from 1870 to 1890 and is the dominant element in the modern day coat of arms adopted at the birth of the Italian Republic in 1948.
In fact the allegorical figure of towered Italy goes back to the Roman period. In modern times, exactly in 1603, it is associated with the Stella d’Italia (the Star of Italy), the most ancient identity symbol of the Italian land, giving rise to towering and starred feminine figure.
See also 
- Giovanni Lista, La Stella d'Italia, Edizioni Mudima, Milan, 2011.
- The front page of La Domenica del Corriere on 25 May 1958 depicted Italia Turrita voting in that day’s general election
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