Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity

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Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity
President Achille Lauro
Secretary Alfredo Covelli
Founded April 11, 1959 (1959-04-11)
Dissolved July 11, 1972 (1972-07-11)
Merger of PPM, PNM
Preceded by PDI
(not legal predecessor)
Merged into MSI
Newspaper Italia Monarchica
Membership  (1961) c. 50,000
Ideology Monarchism[1]
Conservatism
Catch-all
Political position Centre-right
European affiliation None
European Parliament group No MEPs
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

Since 1961 the Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity (Partito Democratico Italiano di Unità Monarchica, PDIUM) was the continuation of the Italian Democratic Party (Partito Democratico Italiano) as they continued to call the PDIUM. It was founded in 1959 by the union of the People's Monarchist Party and the National Monarchist Party.

The new party, like its predecessors, was hampered by provisions in the Italian Constitution of 1946 making it all but impossible to restore the monarchy short of adopting a new constitution. The document not only specifically foreclosed a referendum on changing the republican form of government, but (until 2002) barred male members of the House of Savoy from ever returning to Italy. It was never able to repeat the results of its predecessors and saw electoral support for the monarchist cause shrink in the 1963 general election (1.8%) and in those of 1968 (1.3%), due to the successes of the Italian Liberal Party (respectively 7.0 and 5.8%).

In 1972 PDIUM merged in the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement (MSI) and so ceased to exist. Alfredo Covelli, long-time monarchist leader, was elected president of MSI. In 1976 Covelli led a moderate split of MSI and established National Democracy.

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1963 536,948 (#7) 1.75
8 / 630
-
Alfredo Covelli
1968 414,507 (#8) 1.30
6 / 630
Decrease 2
Alfredo Covelli
Senate
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1963 689,708 (#7) 2.51
3 / 315
-
Alfredo Covelli
1968 605,051 (#7) 2.58
2 / 315
Decrease 1
Alfredo Covelli

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vittorio Gorresio (12 aprile 1959). "I monarchici si sono unificati fondando il "Partito Democratico Italiano"". La Stampa. p. 1.  Check date values in: |date= (help)