Italian Liberal Party (1997)

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For the party with the same name which was active from 1943 to 1994, see Italian Liberal Party.
Italian Liberal Party
Secretary Giancarlo Morandi
President Enzo Palumbo
Founded 4 July 1997 (as PL)
3 December 2004 (as PLI)
Headquarters viale delle Milizie, 1 00192 Rome
Newspaper Rivoluzione liberale
Membership unknown
Ideology Liberalism
Political position Centre[1]
National affiliation none
International affiliation none
European affiliation none
European Parliament group no MEPs
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Website
http://www.partitoliberale.it/
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Italian Liberal Party (Partito Liberale Italiano, PLI) is a liberal political party in Italy, that considers itself to be the successor of the late Italian Liberal Party.

History[edit]

The Liberal Party was founded in 1997 by former members of the Italian Liberal Party (PLI) and, mostly, of the Union of the Centre (UdC), as well as some former Republicans. Most of its leading figures were also members of Forza Italia (FI): Stefano de Luca, Carlo Scognamiglio, Egidio Sterpa, Ernesto Caccavale, Luigi Caligaris and Guglielmo Castagnetti.[2][3] Scognamiglio was a former President of the Senate, while de Luca, Caccavale and Caligaris were serving MEPs.

In December 2004 the party was merged with other liberal groups and, as result, its name was changed to Italian Liberal Party, along with the claim of being the successor of the historical PLI, disbanded in 1994. At that point the party was completely enfranchised from FI and the centre-right House of Freedoms coalition.

In June 2007 the PLI reaffirmed its autonomy and de Luca was unanimously re-elected secretary. During the congress, some leading former Liberals joined (or re-joined) the party: Carlo Scognamiglio (PLD), Luigi Compagna (UDC) and Luciano Magnalbò (AN). Since that time PLI is for the first time represented in a Regional Council by Antonietta Brancati, regional deputy of Lazio, previously member of Italy of Values. For the 2008 general election Liberals tried to form an electoral pact with the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats,[4] but finally chose to run as a stand-alone list.[5]

In February 2009 the PLI held its fifth congress. Arturo Diaconale, supported by Angelo Caniglia and a group of Liberal Reformers (including Marco Taradash, Emilia Rossi, Carlo Monaco and Pietro Milio) and other newcomers, presented his candidacy for party secretary in opposition to de Luca, who was supported by the old guard and by Paolo Guzzanti, a dissenting member of Forza Italia and former Socialist.[6] De Luca was re-elected party secretary with the support of 73% of the delegates, Guzzanti was appointed deputy secretary and Scognamiglio president.[7][8]

In December 2010 Guzzanti left the party over personal problems with de Luca and became briefly engaged with the New Pole for Italy (NPI).[9][10][11] In March 2011 the party was joined by two former secretaries of the late PLI, Alfredo Biondi and Renato Altissimo, and by a senator coming from The People of Freedom (PdL), Enrico Musso, who was soon appointed deputy secretary.[12] Through Musso the party re-joined the NPI.

In November 2011 five disgruntled deputies of the PdL (Roberto Antonione, Giustina Destro, Fabio Gava, Giancarlo Pittelli, who later left, and Luciano Sardelli) joined the party through the Liberals for Italy.[13] Another former member of the PdL, Angelo Santori, joined the LpI–PLI group in April 2012.[14]

In March 2012, in the run-up of the sixth congress, three party bigwigs, Scognamiglio, Biondi and Altissimo, proposed Musso as new secretary and de Luca as president.[15] The proposal was not well received by the party's old guard and, not only de Luca was barely re-elected secretary, but Scognamiglio was replaced as president by Enzo Palumbo.[16][17] In the May 2012 municipal election of Genoa, Musso, whose relationship with the PLI was not clear, garnerd 15.0% of the vote in the first round, at the head of a centrist list based on the NPI, and 40.3% in the run-off, losing to Marco Doria.[18]

In June 2013 Guzzanti re-joined the PLI[19] and was soon elected at the head of the party's national council.[20]

In February 2014 several disillusioned members or former members of the party, including Altissimo, Biondi, Musso and Scognamiglio, plus Edoardo Croci, Giuliano Urbani and Alessandro Ortis, launched The Liberals as an alternative to the PLI.[21]

In April 2014 the PLI joined the European Choice list for the European Parliament election.[22] This decision, strongly supported by de Luca, prompted Guzzanti to leave the party[23] and stand as candidate for Forza Italia,[24][25] and eventually de Luca to step down from secretary.[26][27]

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Congresso PLI, De Luca confermato segretario
  2. ^ LIBERALI: STERPA PRESIDENTE, DE LUCA SEGRETARIO DEL PARTITO
  3. ^ http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1998/marzo/22/Milano_rinasce_Pli_Atteso_anche_co_7_9803222988.shtml
  4. ^ La Segreteria Nazionale del PLI comunica quanto segue | Comunicati Stampa | Partito Liberale Italiano[dead link]
  5. ^ "Pli Partito Liberale Italiano". Partitoliberale.it. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  6. ^ Jacopo Iacoboni (2009-01-29). "L'ultima di Guzzanti: salverò il Pli". Lastampa.it. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  7. ^ http://www.informazione.it/a/EB87B450-E0E0-43E9-92E6-AA8FB07FD534/Pli-De-Luca-rieletto-segretario-Nazionale-del-Partito
  8. ^ http://iovotopli.wordpress.com/2009/02/23/stefano-de-luca-rieletto-segretario-nazionale-del-pli/
  9. ^ Guzzanti, Paolo (2010-12-14). "Rivoluzione Italiana - Il blog di Paolo Guzzanti » Blog Archive » Ho sfiduciato SB secondo coscienza e ho abbandonato il PLI al suo destino piccino e provinciale. Vorrei che questo blog si trasformasse nella nuova casa dei liberali italiani" (in Italian). Paologuzzanti.it. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  10. ^ "Nasce il Polo della nazione". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  11. ^ "Fini: dimissioni? Opzione che non esiste E Bossi invita ad «abbassare i toni»". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  12. ^ "PLI: Il Consiglio Nazionale saluta il ritorno di Altissimo, Biondi e Musso « Partito Liberale Italiano". Partitoliberale.it. 2011-03-05. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  13. ^ http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/2011/novembre/13/Nuovo_nome_per_gli_scontenti_co_8_111113026.shtml
  14. ^ http://www.camera.it/217?idGruppo=472&idGruppoMisto=1169&tipoVis=2#g1169
  15. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/lettera-aperta-altissimo-biondi-scognamiglio/
  16. ^ http://www.rivoluzione-liberale.it/congresso-pli-de-luca-confermato-segretario-nazionale/
  17. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/lettera-aperta-ai-liberali/
  18. ^ http://www.corriere.it/Speciali/Politica/2012/elezioni12/SEAS/amministrative/comunali/20120506000000_2_COMUNE_34_250.shtml
  19. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/direzione-nazionale-del-13-giugno-2013/#.Um-wcVPhepM
  20. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/consiglio-nazionale-liberale/
  21. ^ http://www.agenparl.it/articoli/news/politica/20140222-liberali-biondi-altissimo-scognamiglio-e-urbani-danno-vito-a-movimento-politico
  22. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/il-pli-con-alde/
  23. ^ http://www.paologuzzanti.it/?p=2110
  24. ^ http://www.unita.it/politica/europee-berlusconi-forza-italia-liste-candidati-ncd-alfano-fuoriusciti--1.564092
  25. ^ http://www.paologuzzanti.it/?p=2119
  26. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/il-mio-saluto-ai-liberali-italiani/
  27. ^ http://www.partitoliberale.it/consiglio-nazionale-del-12-04-2014/

External links[edit]