Minister of Foreign Affairs (Italy)

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As in most countries, in Italy the Minister of Foreign Affairs, which is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is one of the most important ministerial positions. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet.

Kingdom of Italy[edit]

Foreign Minister Took office Left office
Count Camillo Benso di Cavour 1861 1861
Bettino Ricasoli 1861 1862
Urbano Rattazzi 1862 1862
Giuseppe Pasolini 1862 1863
Emilio, marquis Visconti-Venosta 1863 1864
Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora 1864 1866
Emilio, marquis Visconti-Venosta 1866 1867
Pompeo Di Campello 1867 1867
Federico Luigi, Conte Menabrea 1867 1869
Emilio, marquis Visconti-Venosta 1869 1876
Luigi Amedeo Melegari 1876 1877
Agostino Depretis 1877 1878
Conte Luigi Corti 1878 1878
Benedetto Cairoli 1878 1878
Agostino Depretis 1878 1879
Benedetto Cairoli 1879 1881
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini 1881 1885
Agostino Depretis 1885 1885
Carlo Felice Nicolis, conte di Robilant 1885 1887
Agostino Depretis 1887 1887
Francesco Crispi 1887 1891
Antonio Starabba di Rudinì 1891 1892
Benedetto Brin 1892 1893
Alberto Blanc 1893 1896
Onorato Caetani 1896 1896
Emilio, marquis Visconti-Venosta 1896 1898
Marquis Raffaele Cappelli 1898 1898
Felice Napoleone Canevaro 1898 1899
Emilio, marquis Visconti-Venosta 1899 1901
Giulio Prinetti 1901 1903
Enrico Morin 1903 1903
Tommaso Tittoni 1903 1905
Antonino Paternò-Castello, marchese di San Giuliano 1905 1906
Conte Francesco Guicciardini 1906 1906
Tommaso Tittoni 1906 1909
Conte Francesco Guicciardini 1909 1910
Antonino Paternò-Castello, marchese di San Giuliano 1910 1914
Barone Sidney Sonnino 1914 1919
Tommaso Tittoni 1919 1919
Vittorio Scialoja 1919 1920
Carlo Sforza 1920 1921
Pietro Tommasi della Torretta 1921 1922
Carlo Schanzer 1922 1922
Benito Mussolini October 30, 1922 September 12, 1929
Dino Grandi September 12, 1929 July 20, 1932
Benito Mussolini July 20, 1932 June 9, 1936
Galeazzo Ciano June 9, 1936 February 5, 1943
Benito Mussolini February 5, 1943 July 25, 1943
Raffaele Guariglia July 25, 1943 February 11, 1944
Pietro Badoglio February 11, 1944 June 8, 1944
Ivanoe Bonomi June 18, 1944 December 12, 1944
Alcide De Gasperi December 12, 1944 June 2, 1946

Italian Republic[edit]

Parties
  • 1946-1993:

      Christian Democracy       Socialist Party       Republican Party       Liberal Party       Democratic Socialist Party       Independent

  • Since 1994:

      Forza Italia/The People of Freedom       Italian Renewal       Ulivo       National Alliance       Democratic Party       Italian Radicals       Independent

Governments

      DC coalition       CdL/PdL coalition       Ulivo/Unione       Grand coalition       Independent

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Ministry
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg June 2, 1946 October 18, 1946 Christian Democracy De Gasperi II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
Pietro Nenni speech.jpg October 18, 1946 January 28, 1947 Italian Socialist Party
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
Carlo Sforza 1921.jpg February 2, 1947 July 26, 1951 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi III·IV·V·VI
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg July 26, 1951 August 17, 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VII·VIII
Giuseppe Pella (as PM)
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg August 17, 1953 January 18, 1954 Christian Democracy Pella
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
Emblem of Italy.svg January 18, 1954 September 16, 1954 Christian Democracy Fanfani I
Scelba
Gaetano Martino
(1900–1967)
Emblem of Italy.svg September 16, 1954 May 15, 1957 Italian Liberal Party Scelba
Segni I
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg May 19, 1957 July 1, 1958 Christian Democracy Zoli
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani.jpg July 1, 1958 February 15, 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg February 15, 1959 March 25, 1960 Christian Democracy Segni II
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
Antonio Segni.jpg March 25, 1960 May 7, 1962 Christian Democracy Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani.jpg May 7, 1962 May 29, 1962 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
Emblem of Italy.svg May 29, 1962 December 4, 1963 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Leone I
Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Giuseppe Saragat.jpg December 4, 1963 December 28, 1964 Italian Socialist Democratic Party Moro I·II
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg December 28, 1964 March 5, 1965 Christian Democracy Moro II
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani.jpg March 5, 1965 December 30, 1965 Christian Democracy
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg December 30, 1965 February 23, 1966 Christian Democracy
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani.jpg February 23, 1966 June 24, 1968 Christian Democracy Moro III
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
Emblem of Italy.svg June 24, 1968 December 12, 1968 Christian Democracy Leone II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
Pietro Nenni speech.jpg December 12, 1968 August 5, 1969 Italian Socialist Party Rumor I
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg August 5, 1969 June 26, 1972 Christian Democracy Rumor II·III
Colombo
Andreotti I
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
Emblem of Italy.svg July 26, 1972 July 7, 1973 Christian Democracy Andreotti II
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg July 7, 1973 November 23, 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor IV·V
Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
Mariano Rumor-1.jpg November 23, 1974 July 29, 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925– )
Forlani.jpg July 29, 1976 August 4, 1979 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV·V
Franco Maria Malfatti
(1927–1991)
Franco Maria Malfatti.jpg August 4, 1979 January 15, 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga I
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–2011)
Emblem of Italy.svg January 15, 1980 April 4, 1980 Christian Democracy
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
Colombo7779.jpg April 4, 1980 August 4, 1983 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
Andreotti 1991.jpg August 4, 1983 July 22, 1989 Christian Democracy Craxi I·II
Fanfani
Goria
De Mita
Gianni De Michelis
(1940– )
Emblem of Italy.svg July 22, 1989 June 28, 1992 Italian Socialist Party Andreotti VI·VII
Vincenzo Scotti
(1933– )
Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the CTBT - Flickr - The Official CTBTO Photostream (60).jpg June 28, 1992 July 29, 1992 Christian Democracy Amato I
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
Giuliano Amato - Festival Economia 2013.JPG July 29, 1992 August 1, 1992 Italian Socialist Party
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
Colombo7779.jpg August 1, 1992 April 28, 1993 Christian Democracy
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
Beniamino Andreatta 970307-D-2987S-022.jpg April 28, 1993 April 19, 1994 Christian Democracy Ciampi
Leopoldo Elia
(1925–2008)
Emblem of Italy.svg April 19, 1994 May 10, 1994 Italian Popular Party
Antonio Martino
(1942– )
Antonio Martino.jpg May 10, 1994 January 17, 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Susanna Agnelli
(1922–2009)
Emblem of Italy.svg January 17, 1995 May 17, 1996 Independent Dini
Lamberto Dini
(1931– )
Lamberto dini.jpg May 17, 1996 June 6, 2001 Italian Renewal Prodi I
D'Alema I·II
Amato II
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
Giuliano Amato - Festival Economia 2013.JPG June 6, 2001 June 11, 2001 The Olive Tree Amato II
Renato Ruggiero
(1930–2013)
Emblem of Italy.svg June 11, 2001 January 6, 2002 Independent Berlusconi II
Silvio Berlusconi (as PM)
(1936– )
Berlusconi-2010-1.jpg January 6, 2002 November 14, 2002 Forza Italia
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
Franco Frattini on March 29, 2010.jpg November 14, 2002 November 18, 2004 Forza Italia
Gianfranco Fini
(1952– )
Gianfranco Fini cropped.jpg November 18, 2004 May 17, 2006 National Alliance Berlusconi II·III
Massimo D'Alema
(1949– )
Massimo D Alema - Prato 1 - resize, head.jpg May 17, 2006 May 8, 2008 Democratic Party Prodi II
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
Franco Frattini on March 29, 2010.jpg May 8, 2008 November 16, 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata
(1946– )
Terzi-Ita.jpg November 16, 2011 March 27, 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Monti (as PM)
(1943– )
Mario Monti - Terre alte 2013.JPG March 27, 2013 April 28, 2013 Independent
Emma Bonino
(1948– )
Emma Bonino - World Economic Forum on Europe 2010.jpg April 28, 2013 February 22, 2014 Italian Radicals Letta
Federica Mogherini
(1973– )
Federica Mogherini daticamera.jpg February 22, 2014 October 31, 2014 Democratic Party Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
(1954– )
Paolo Gentiloni Silveri daticamera.jpg October 31, 2014 incumbent Democratic Party

See also[edit]