Italian People's Party (1994)

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For the party with the same name which was active from 1919 to 1926, see Italian People's Party (1919).
Italian People's Party
Partito Popolare Italiano
Former Leaders Mino Martinazzoli, Rosa Russo Jervolino, Gerardo Bianco, Franco Marini, Pierluigi Castagnetti
Founded 22 January 1994
Dissolved 6 December 2002
Preceded by Christian Democracy
Merged into Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
Newspaper Il Popolo
Ideology Centrism
Christian democracy
Christian left
National affiliation Pact for Italy (1994)
The Olive Tree (1995–2002)
International affiliation Christian Democrat International
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Italian People's Party (Italian: Partito Popolare Italiano, PPI) was a centrist[1] and Christian democratic[2][3][4] political party in Italy.

History[edit]

The party emerged as the successor to Christian Democracy (DC) in January 1994. The first secretary of the party was Mino Martinazzoli, replaced by Rocco Buttiglione in June, after that the party was soundly defeated in the 1994 general election by both the centre-right and the centre-left, gaining only the 11.1%, as part of a centrist alliance named Pact for Italy. The PPI was a member of the European People's Party.[5]

In 1995, when Buttiglione's proposal to join the centre-right Pole of Freedoms coalition (composed of Forza Italia, the National Alliance and the Christian Democratic Centre) was rejected by the party's National Council, the outgoing secretary, along with Roberto Formigoni and Gianfranco Rotondi, formed the United Christian Democrats, leaving the PPI in the hands of the leftist factions of the late DC.

For the 1996 general election the party formed a list (the Populars for Prodi) with the Democratic Union, the Italian Republican Party and the South Tyrolean People's Party. The list was part of The Olive Tree, a broad centre-left coalition, and won 6.8% of the vote. The PPI was represented in Romano Prodi's first government by three ministers: Beniamino Andreatta was Minister of Defense, Rosy Bindi Minister of Health and Michele Pinto Minister of Agriculture.

In the 1999 European Parliament election the PPI was damaged by the competition from The Democrats (Dem), a centrist and social-liberal party launched by Romano Prodi: the PPI won only 4.3% of the vote, while The Democrats took the 7.7%.

For the 2001 general election the PPI formed an electoral alliance with The Democrats, the Union of Democrats for Europe (UDEUR) and Lamberto Dini's Italian Renewal (RI). The alliance won 14.5% of vote. In January 2002 the PPI finally chose to merge into the new centrist party, called Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy, along with The Democrats and Italian Renewal. The PPI was transformed in a think tank: The Populars ("I Popolari"). In October 2007, Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy merged into the Democratic Party, within which The Populars became an internal faction.

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (1 May 2008). Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. p. 967. ISBN 978-1-59339-492-9. 
  2. ^ T. Banchoff (28 June 1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 389. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.gla.ac.uk/media/media_140581_en.pdf
  5. ^ Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (28 June 2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. p. 51. ISBN 978-3-642-19413-9. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  6. ^ http://www.partitodemocratico.it/gw/producer/producer.aspx?t=/documenti/author.htm&auth=33[dead link]