Italian People's Party (1994)

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For the party with the same name which was active from 1919 to 1926, see Italian People's Party (1919).
Italian People's Party
Partito Popolare Italiano
Former Leaders Mino Martinazzoli,
Rosa Russo Jervolino,
Franco Marini,
Ciriaco De Mita
Founded 22 January 1994
Dissolved 6 December 2002
Preceded by Christian Democracy
Merged into Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
Newspaper Il Popolo
Ideology Christian democracy
Christian left
Political position Centre
National affiliation Pact for Italy (1994)
The Olive Tree (1995–2002)
International affiliation Christian Democrat International
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party
Politics of Italy
Political parties

The Italian People's Party (Italian: Partito Popolare Italiano, PPI) was a centrist,[1][2] Christian democratic[3][4][5] and progressive Catholic[6] political party in Italy.

The PPI was a member of the European People's Party.[7]


The party emerged as the successor to Christian Democracy (DC) in January 1994 following the final National Congress of DC, prior to the right-wing faction splitting to form the Christian Democratic Centre.[8][9] The first secretary of the PPI was Mino Martinazzoli, replaced by Rocco Buttiglione in June, after that the party was soundly defeated in the 1994 general election by both the centre-right and the centre-left, gaining only the 11.1%, as part of a centrist alliance named Pact for Italy.

In 1995, when Buttiglione's proposal to join the centre-right Pole of Freedoms coalition (composed of Forza Italia, the National Alliance and the Christian Democratic Centre) was rejected by the party's National Council, the outgoing secretary, along with Roberto Formigoni and Gianfranco Rotondi, formed the United Christian Democrats, leaving the PPI in the hands of the leftist factions of the late DC.[6][10]

For the 1996 general election the party formed a list (the Populars for Prodi) with the Democratic Union, the Italian Republican Party and the South Tyrolean People's Party. The list was part of The Olive Tree, a broad centre-left coalition, and won 6.8% of the vote. The PPI was represented in Romano Prodi's first government by three ministers: Beniamino Andreatta was Minister of Defense, Rosy Bindi Minister of Health and Michele Pinto Minister of Agriculture.

In the 1999 European Parliament election the PPI was damaged by the competition from The Democrats (Dem), a centrist and social-liberal party launched by Romano Prodi: the PPI won only 4.3% of the vote, while The Democrats took the 7.7%.

For the 2001 general election the PPI formed an electoral alliance with The Democrats, the Union of Democrats for Europe (UDEUR) and Lamberto Dini's Italian Renewal (RI). The alliance won 14.5% of vote. In January 2002 the PPI finally chose to merge into the new centrist party, called Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy (DL), along with The Democrats and Italian Renewal. The PPI was transformed in a think tank: The Populars ("I Popolari"). In October 2007, Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy merged into the Democratic Party, within which The Populars became an internal faction.

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 4,287,172 (#4) 11.1
33 / 630
Mino Martinazzoli
1996 2,554,072 (#6) 6.8
67 / 630
Increase 34
Franco Marini
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 5,526,090 (#4) 16.7
34 / 315
Mino Martinazzoli
1996 with Ulivo (#1)
31 / 315
Decrease 3
Franco Marini

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 3,295,337 (#4) 10.0
8 / 87
Mino Martinazzoli
1999 1,316,830 (#8) 4.2
4 / 87
Decrease 4
Ciriaco De Mita



  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (1 May 2008). Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. p. 967. ISBN 978-1-59339-492-9. 
  2. ^ Christina Holtz-Bacha; Gianpietro Mazzoleni (January 2004). The Politics of Representation: Election Campaigning and Proportional Representation. Peter Lang. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8204-6148-9. 
  3. ^ T. Banchoff (28 June 1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 389. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b Bernard A. Cook (2001). Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 670. ISBN 978-0-8153-4057-7. 
  7. ^ Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (19 May 2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 63. ISBN 978-3-642-19414-6. 
  8. ^ Giuseppe Vottari (2004). Storia d'Italia (1861-2001). Alpha Test. pp. 177–178. ISBN 978-88-483-0562-4. 
  9. ^ Daniela Giannetti; Bernard Grofman (1 February 2011). A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-4419-7228-6. 
  10. ^ Martin J. Bull; James Newell (2005). Italian Politics: Adjustment Under Duress. Polity. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-7456-1298-0. 
  11. ^[dead link]