Italian Trans-Juba

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Italian Trans-Juba
Oltre Giuba Italiana
Italian colony

1924–1925


Flag

Anthem
National Anthem of the Kingdom of Italy
Trans-Juba shown on a map of present-day Somalia.
Capital Kismayo
Religion Islam · Roman Catholicism
Political structure Colony
Historical era Interwar period
 -  Established 1924
 -  Disestablished 1925
Currency Italian lira

Italian Trans-Juba (Italian: Oltre Giuba, Arabic: الإيطالية عبر جوبا‎) was a briefly-extant Italian colony in the territory of present-day southern Somalia.

History[edit]

Main articles: Jubaland and Italian Somaliland

Jubaland[edit]

Trans-Juba ("Oltre Giuba") postage stamps of 1926.

Italian Trans-Juba was established in 1924, after Britain ceded a portion of Jubaland to Italy as a reward for the Italians having joined the Allies in World War I.[1] The territory thereafter had a brief existence as Trans-Juba (Oltre Giuba) under governor Corrado Zoli (16 July 1924 – 31 December 1926).

Italy issued its first postage stamps for the new colony on 29 July 1925, consisting of contemporary Italian stamps overprinted Oltre Giuba. Britain retained control of the southern half of the partitioned Jubaland territory, which was later called the Northern Frontier District (NFD).[2]

In 1925, a year after its formation, Trans-Juba was integrated into Italian Somaliland.[3]

The colony had a total area of 87,000 km² (33,000 sq mi), and in 1926, a population of 120,000 inhabitants. In the capital Kismayo (Chisimaio), there was a very little group of Italian settlers, mostly merchants. During this period, the city was the third largest in Somalia and served as a port of call for small military ships.

Bajuni Islands[edit]

Main article: Bajuni Islands

The Bajuni Islands ("Isole Giuba") were part of British East Africa until WWI. They were later transferred to Italy in 1926, with all of the Trans-Juba territory.[4]

According to Wightwick Haywood, then a British official stationed in Kismayo who visited the Bajuni Islands in 1913, the only inhabited islands in the chain were Tovai (i.e., Chovaye - the biggest island in the chain) and the nearby Tula (i.e. Chula). Each of these two islands were no more than three miles long and a mile wide. Maize, millet, sweet potatoes and coconuts were grown. The residents of the islands at the time, some of whom Haywood thought to be of Arab and/or Persian descent, built dhows, which the British official considered "excellent sea boats".[4] However, the islands were mainly inhabited by the eponymous Bajuni people.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oliver, Roland Anthony (1976). History of East Africa, Volume 2. Clarendon Press. p. 7. 
  2. ^ Osman, Mohamed Amin AH (1993). Somalia, proposals for the future. SPM. pp. 1–10. 
  3. ^ http://www.dcstamps.com/?p=1296 Oltre Giuba (Trans-Juba), Italian Colony (1924 – 1926)
  4. ^ a b Haywood, C. Wightwick (1935), "The Bajun Islands and Birikau", The Geographical Journal 85 (1): 59–64, JSTOR 1787038 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Vittorio Bottego, Viaggi di scoperta nel cuore dell' Africa: il Giuba esplorato, sotta gli auspici della Società geografica italiana., E. Loescher & c.o, 1895
  • Guida dell'Africa Orientale Italiana, Ed. Consociazione Turistica Italiana, Milano 1938, p. 585-596