Italian battleship Andrea Doria (1885)
Andrea Doria on 18 April 1899.
|Namesake:||Andrea Doria (1466-1560), a Genoese admiral|
|Operator:||Regia Marina (Italian Royal Navy)|
|Builder:||La Spezia Navy Yard|
|Laid down:||7 January 1882|
|Launched:||21 November 1885|
|Completed:||16 May 1891|
|Struck:||25 May 1911|
|Notes:||Served as depot ship, as floating battery GR104, and as floating oil tank between 1911 and 1929|
|Class & type:||Ruggiero di Lauria-class pre-dreadnought battleship|
|Displacement:||9,886 long tons (10,045 t) normal
11,027 long tons (11,204 t) full load
|Length:||328 ft 1 in (100.0 m) between perpendiculars
347 ft 5 in (105.9 m) length overall
|Beam:||65 ft 1 in (19.8 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft 3.5 in (8.3 m)|
|Installed power:||10,500 ihp (7,830 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2-shaft compound engine, 8 cylindrical boilers|
|Speed:||16.1 knots (18.5 mph; 29.8 km/h)|
|Endurance:||2,800 nautical miles (5,186 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Complement:||507, later 509|
*4 × 17-inch (432 mm)/27 guns (2 × 2)
*2 × 6-inch (152 mm)/32 guns
*4 × 14-inch (356 mm) submerged torpedo tubes
Added in 1900:
*2 × 75mm guns
*10 × 57mm/40 quick-firing guns
*12 × 37mm guns
*5 × 37mm/20 revolvers
*2 × machine guns
Side: 17 in (431.8 mm)
Deck: 3 in (76.2 mm)
Citadel: 14.2 in (361 mm)
Barbettes: 14.2 in (361 mm)
Conning tower: 9.8 in (249 mm)
The Andrea Doria was an Italian battleship, the first named after Andrea Doria, launched in 1885. She was the third and final ship of the Ruggiero di Lauria-class pre-dreadnoughts, and served in the Regia Marina (Italian Royal Navy) during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Ruggiero di Lauria class was designed by Giuseppe Micheli. He chose essentially to repeat the Caio Duilio-class design; he did, however, improve on the Caio Duilio class by giving the Ruggiero di Lauria-class ships breech-loading 17-inch (432 mm) guns (the Caio Duilio class had been armed with 17.7-inch (450 mm) muzzle loaders) mounted in barbettes rather than turrets, a high forecastle, a better quality of armor, and a better distribution of armor. The main battery was mounted in twin mounts close together en echelon amidships, with the port barbette aft of the starboard one.
Andrea Doria had the second most powerful propulsion machinery of the three ships of her class; she was 0.1-knot (0.19 km/h) faster than Francesco Morosini, but 0.9-knot (1.7 km/h) slower than Ruggiero di Lauria. In 1900, additions were made to her tertiary armament.
Andrea Doria was under construction for nine-and-a-half years. She was laid down at La Spezia Navy Yard on 7 January 1882 and launched on 21 November 1885. She was not completed for another five-and-a-half years, her construction finally being finished on 16 May 1891. Because of the rapid pace of naval technological development in the late 19th century, her lengthy construction period meant that she was an obsolete design by the time she entered service.
After a fairly short operational life, Andrea Doria was stricken on 25 May 1911. After that, she became a depot ship at Taranto. From 7 April 1915 until after the end of World War I, she served as the defensive floating battery GR104 at Brindisi. After the war, she was used as a floating oil tank until she was scrapped in 1929.
- Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1860-1905, page 342.
- Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1905-1921, page 256.
- Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, eds. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1860-1905. New York: Mayflower Books, Inc., 1979. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Fraccaroli, Aldo (1970). Italian Warships of World War I. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-0105-3.
- Gray, Randal, ed. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985. ISBN 0-87021-907-3.
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