List of Italian concentration camps

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Italian concentration camps include camps from the Italian colonial wars in Africa, as well as camps for civil population from areas occupied by Italy during WW II. Memory of both camps were subjected to "historical amnesia". The repression of memory led to historical revisionism in Italy[1] and in 2003 the Italian media published Silvio Berlusconi's statement that Benito Mussolini only "used to send people on vacation".[2][3]

Colonial wars[edit]

Name of the camp and location of locality and present-day country Date of establishment Date of disestablishment Estimated number of prisoners Estimated number of deaths
Nocra prison camp in Nocra, Eritrea 1930s 1941  
Abyar concentration camp in Abyar, Libya 1930 1933 3,123[4]  
Agedabia concentration camp in Ajdabiya, Libya 1930 1933 10,000[4]  
El Agheila concentration camp in El Agheila, Libya 1930 1933 10,900[4]  
Marsa Brega concentration camp in Brega, Libya 1930 1933 21,117[4]  
Sid Ahmed el Maghrun concentration camp in El Magrun, Libya 1930 1933 13,050[4]  
Soluch concentration camp in Suluq, Libya 1930 1933 20,123[4]  
Danane concentration camp near Mogadishu, Somalia 1935 1941 6,000[4] 3,175[5]

World War II[edit]

Name of the camp and location of locality and present-day country Date of establishment Date of disestablishment Estimated number of prisoners Estimated number of deaths
Bakar 31 December 1942 1 July 1943 893[6]  
Baranello near Campobasso        
Campagna concentration camp in Campagna near Salerno 15 June 1940 19 September 1943    
Casolli near Chieti        
Chiesanuova near Padua June 1942      
Cremona        
Ferramonti di Tarsia near Cosenza summer 1940 4 September 1943 3,800  
Finale Emilia near Modena        
Gonars concentration camp near Palmanova March 1942 8 September 1943 7,000 453; >500
Lipari        
Malo near Venice        
Molat (Melada)        
Monigo near Treviso June 1942      
Montechiarugolo near Parma        
Ponza        
Potenza        
Rab concentration camp on the island of Rab (Arbe), separate camps for Slovenes/Croats and Jews July 1942 11 September 1943 10,000; 15,000 2,000; >3,500; 4,000
Renicci di Anghiari, near Arezzo October 1942      
Sepino near Campobasso        
Treviso        
Urbisaglia        
Vestone        
Vinchiaturo, near Campobasso        
Visco, near Palmanova winter 1942      
Campo di Fossoli, near Carpi      

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alessandra Kersevan 2008: (Editor) Foibe - Revisionismo di stato e amnesie della repubblica. Kappa Vu. Udine.
  2. ^ Survivors of war camp lament Italy's amnesia, 2003, International Herald Tribune
  3. ^ Di Sante, Costantino (2005) Italiani senza onore: I crimini in Jugoslavia e i processi negati (1941-1951), Ombre Corte, Milano. (Archived by WebCite®)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Michael R. Ebner. Geoff Simons. Ordinary Violence in Mussolini's Italy. New York, New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2011. P. 261.
  5. ^ Donatella Strangio. The Reasons for Underdevelopment: The Case of Decolonisation in Somaliland. Springer, 2012. P. 5.
  6. ^ Bakar concentration camp, Online Research project

External links[edit]