Italian cruiser Duca degli Abruzzi

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Duca-degli-Abruzzi.jpg
Duca degli Abruzzi during sea trials (1938)
Career (Italy)
Laid down: 28 December 1933
Launched: 21 April 1936
Commissioned: 1 December 1937
Decommissioned: January 1961
Out of service: 1953 refit
Fate: Scrapped 1972
General characteristics
Displacement:
  • 11,350 tons standard
  • 11,735 tons full load
Length: 171.1 - 187 m
Beam: 18.9 m
Draught: 6.9 m
Propulsion:
  • 6 boilers
  • 2 shafts
  • 100,000 hp
Speed: 34 knots (62 km/h)
Range: 4,125 miles at 13 knots
Complement: 640
Armament:
  • 10 152 mm / 55 caliber (6 in)
  • 8 90 mm / 50 caliber
  • 8 37 mm / 54 caliber
  • 12 20 mm / 65 caliber
  • 6 533 mm torpedo launchers
  • 2 anti-submarines mortars
Armour:
  • Max 140 mm (vertical)
  • 40 mm (horizontal)
Aircraft carried: 4 Ro.43

Luigi di Savoia Duca Degli Abruzzi was an Italian Duca degli Abruzzi class light cruiser, which served in the Regia Marina during World War II. After the war, she was retained by the Marina Militare and decommissioned in 1961. She was built by OTO at La Spezia and named after Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, an Italian explorer and Admiral of World War I.

Design[edit]

The Duca degli Abruzzi class cruisers were the final version of the Condottieri class and were larger and better protected than their predecessors. The armament was also increased by two extra 152 mm guns, triple turrets replaced twins in the A and Y positions. The machinery was also revised which led to these ships having a slightly slower maximum speed than their predecessors

Career[edit]

World War II[edit]

The ship was completed in 1937 and formed the 8th Cruiser division with her sister ship Giuseppe Garibaldi. She fought in the following actions:

  • Battle of Calabria, where she led a squadron of light cruisers which fired the first salvoes of the battle
  • 1 September 1940: Part of the fleet that attempted to intercept the convoy Hats
  • Battle of Cape Matapan
  • 24 September 1941: Part of the fleet that attempted to intercept the convoy Halberd headed for Malta.

Damaged by an aircraft torpedo on 22 November 1941 but repaired, she was interned by the Allies after the Italian Armistice and later served in the South Atlantic on operations against potential German raiders.

Post war[edit]

After 1945, her torpedo launchers were removed and replaced by two 4" antiaircraft guns. Since 1953 she was equipped with an AN/SPS-6 2D air search radar.[1]

In late 1953, during the negotiations which ended in the handover of Trieste to Italy, the cruiser was transferred from Taranto to Venezia, in order to strengthen the Italian position at the bargaining table.[2] Eventually, on 26 October 1954, Duca degli Abruzzi was the flagship of the Italian naval force which took possession of Trieste's port facilities.[3] She served in the post war Marina Militare until 1961.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marina Militare website (Italian)
  2. ^ Malgeri, Francesco (2002). La stagione del centrismo: politica e società nell'Italia del secondo dopoguerra : 1945-1960. Rubbettino, p. 152. ISBN 88-498-0335-4 (Italian)
  3. ^ Trieste torna all'Italia (26 Ottobre 1954) by Riccardo Basile (Italian)

References[edit]

  • Whitley, M.J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two. Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-86019-874-0.